|Both he and Father Kearns went into hiding
at his fathers house for a time. In June 1799 Cloney was
arrested and jailed in Wexford, court-martialled on a charge of accessory to
murder, found guilty and
sentenced to death.
Lord Cornwallis reduced the sentence to two years in exile. He went to England for
the duration of his exile
and returned to Ireland in February 1803 taking up residence in Graiguenamanagh.
He died there on 20th February 1850 at the age of seventy six.
He was the author of a book on the Rising, "A Personal Narrative
1798", published in 1832.
|John Henry Colclough lived in Ballyteigue,
Kilmore, in the South of the barony of Bargy, Co. Wexford.
He was a landowner, a man of liberal principles and qualified as a doctor.
Colclough is considered to have
been an unwilling rebel. In 1798, he was arrested on 27th May and brought to
The Government sent him and Edward Fitzgerald to speak with the rebels at Vinegar
Hill on 29th May.
He was allowed to return to report that the negotiations had failed. Colclough was
in the area of New Ross
on 5th June, and of Goffs Bridge (Foulksmills) on 20th June, but he did not
fight. Sources suggest that this
was not because he lacked courage but because he did not wish to become too
When negotiations were taking place on 21st June, Colclough returned home to
Later he, his wife and Bagenal Harvey were arrested on the Greater Saltee Island
Colclough was hanged on 28th June, 1798.
|Edward Fitzgerald was born in or around 1770
and lived at Newpark, Curclough near Blackwater.
He was popular with the local people. On 26th May, the local magistrate, Edward
Turner, agreed to protect
local people who gave up their weapons.
Many people met at Fitzgeralds house to hand over their arms. The next day,
the High Sheriff arrested
Fitzgerald and jailed him in Wexford. On the 29th May, Fitzgerald agreed to act as
"go-between" for the
government troops in Wexford and the rebels on Vinegar Hill.
He was detained by the rebels and became one of their leaders. Although he was
popular, some questioned
his loyalty - once in the camp at Three Rocks when he went with the envoys back to
Wexford, and again
when he left Wexford to visit his home at Newpark.
When the Wexford rebels were scattered in County Meath, he surrendered to General
Dundas on 12th July
on condition that he left Ireland. He was held in Dublin Castle for nearly six
months. Finally Fitzgerald went to
Hambury, Germany where he died in 1807.
|Cornelius Grogan was a wealthy landowner who
lived at Johnstown Castle.
He was High Sheriff of the County and he represented Enniscorthy in the Irish
parliament from 1783 to 1790.
He was a Protestant landowner who held liberal principles and was an advocate of
reform and emancipation
When the rebel garrison retreated from Wexford town he tried to escape to Duncannon
but was prevailed
upon by some of the rebels to return to Wexford town.
He was captured and was charged at his trial with having been present at the battle
of New Ross.
His house was seized by troops and his property taken.
At his court martial he protested his loyalty and claimed he was forced to take
part in the Rising.
He was executed on 28th June 1798.
His younger brother Thomas Grogan Knox was killed at Arklow serving with Castletown
and another brother, John Grogan, was wounded with the Healthfield Yeomanry.
|Beanchamp Bagenal Harvey of Bargy Castle was
a lawyer and a member of the United Irishmen.
He was a man of liberal principles who supported the ideal of government reform and
He was arrested at his own house at 11.00 p.m., on the 26th May, on the information
given by a rebel
colonel under torture, Anthony Perry, and lodged in Wexford gaol.
He remained in Wexford until its occupation by the insurgents, where he was
probably against his will.
Harvey, aged 36, was in command at the battle of New Ross on June 5th 1798, which
ended in defeat for the
He was overwhelmed by this disaster and by the massacre of over a hundred suspected
Scullabogue the same day. On the 7th June he was replaced as Commander-in-Chief by
Fr. Philip Roche
and returned to Wexford where he was appointed President of the town committee. He
lived on the west side
of Selskar near the junction with Georges Street.
Apparently confident that a treaty would be negotiated by Lord Kingsborough, he
retired to Bargy Castle.
However shortly afterwards, accompanied by John Henry Colclough, he made his way to
a cave on the
Greater Saltee Island where they planned to escape to France by sea.
They were betrayed and arrested, brought back to Wexford and hanged on the bridge
on 28th June 1798.
|Fr Mogue Kearns
|Mogue Kearns was born at Kiltealy, on the
slopes of the Blackstairs mountains, into a farming family.
According to a story current in 1798, Kearns was a student in Paris at the height
of the French Revolution
and was hanged from a lamp-post by the mob. However, the weight of his body bent
the lamp-post and his
toes touched the ground. He was then rescued by a doctor who brought him back to
After his ordination, was appointed curate at Balyna, on the Kildare-Meath border.
He was not long in the parish when he was found to be politically active and was
dismissed by Bishop Delaney.
On his return from Kildare, he took up residence in Enniscorthy. Kearns joined the
Insurgents from the outset
and was prominent in the first battle of Enniscorthy on 28th May. From the camp at
Vinegar Hill, Kearns led a
detachment of 2,000 poorly-armed insurgents northwards to attack the garrison at
On the morning of 1st June, they halted outside the town. Kearns ignored the advice
of Miles Byrne to send a
detachment to the Carlow road to cut off the garrison's retreat and ordered the
attack to begin.
The garrison retreated, but, meeting reinforcements, returned and counter-attacked.
The insurgent forces suffered heavy losses and had to retreat to Enniscorthy.
In the battle of Enniscorthy and Vinegar Hill, Kearns again played a prominent part
but was wounded and had
to be carried by the retreating insurgents towards Wexford.
Kearns took refuge until his wound had healed and then joined a large number of
insurgents who were hiding
in Killoughram Woods. The Protestant gentleman, Anthony Perry of Inch, and the
Catholic priest, Mogue
Kearns were executed in Edenderry, County Offaly, on 12th July and buried together
in the cemetery of
Monasteroris. A large Celtic cross now marks their grave.
|John Kelly is remembered in the ballad by
P.J. McCall. Kelly is one of the mystery men of 1798.
Both friends and foes admired him as brave and good, but there are few facts about
Kelly recorded in history.
He served in the rebel army for no more than a week and fought twice. He and the
men of Killanne marched
through The Leap to the camp at Vinegar Hill on 29th May after the battle at
Enniscorthy. He was one of the
leaders who led the rebels from Three Rocks and beat the government troops on 30th
He fought and was badly wounded at the Battle of New Ross at the Three Bullet Gate
and then was brought
There he remained until General Lake entered the town, when he was tried by court
martial and hanged.
|Gerard Lake was born at Harrow, Middlesex on
27th July 1744. He served in the British army in the Seven
Years' War, in the American Revolutionary War, and in the wars of the French
In 1794 he was appointed Governor of Limerick and became Commander of the Forces in
Ulster in 1796.
Early in 1797 he set about disarming Ulster and destroying the United Irishmen
Lake was unhappy with this appointment, fearing, he said, "the wrath of an
embittered and exasperated people". However, this did not prevent him carrying out
his task with brutal efficiency.