Jeremiah, Chapter 7:
saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Add your burnt-offerings unto
and eat ye flesh. 22 For I spoke not unto your fathers, nor commanded them in the day that
I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt-offerings or sacrifices; "
'(11.1) But our lawgiver
(Moses) trained an innumerable body of his pupils to partake in those things,
who are called Essenes, being, as I imagine, honoured with this appellation because of their exceeding
holiness [Greek hosioteta = osiothta].
(EGM 75) There is a
portion of those people called Essenes, in number something more than four
thousand in my opinion, who derive their name from their piety [Greek hosiotetos = osiothtoV], though
not according to any accurate form of the Grecian dialect, because they are above all men devoted to
the service [therapeutai] of God, not sacrificing living animals, but studying rather to preserve their
own minds in a state of holiness and purity.
'The Nasaraeans - they
were jews by nationality - originally from Gileaditis, Bashanitis and the
. . . They acknowledged Moses and believed that he had received laws - not this law, however, but some
other. And so, they were jews who kept all the Jewish observances, but they would not offer sacrifice or
eat meat. They considered it unlawful to eat meat or make sacrifices with it. They claim that these Books are
fictions, and that none of these customs were instituted by the fathers. This was the difference between the
Nasaraeans and the others. . . (Epiphanius, Panarion 1:18) '
"rebels," who forbid all flesh-eating, and do not eat living things at
all. They have
the holy names of patriarchs which are in the Pentateuch, up through Moses and Joshua the son of Nun,
and they believe in them - I mean Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and the earliest ones, and Moses himself, and
Aaron, and Joshua. But they hold that the scriptures of the Pentateuch were not written by Moses, and
maintain that they have others. (Epiphanius, Panarion 1:19) '
'John 8: 19 Pilate
also had an inscription written and put on the cross.
It read, "Jesus the Nazorean, the King of the Jews."
'As mentioned earlier,
the Northern Essenes held to certain religious practices which did not
agree with the
Sadducees and Pharisees at Jerusalem. What likely most offended other Jews was the steadfast refusal of
the Essenes to offer animal sacrifices at the Temple...so adamant were the Essenes on this point it eventually
led some to separate themselves and to their establishment of a kind of sanctuary on Mount Carmel. One
of the reasons the Essenes chose Mount Carmel was because of its connection with Eliyah the prophet.
Many years earlier Eliyah had a school for prophets in a cave there. The cave could have been the 'sanctuary'
of the Essenes. The location of what is said to have been Eliyah's cave is known and can be visited today.
As Eliyah was the sole true remnant of Israel, so too did the Essenes believe of themselves as they made their
way to Mount Carmel. And, just as Eliyah had built the altar on Mount Carmel with twelve stones - one for
each tribe of Israel, so the Essenes likewise could hope to restore true worship there. A few miles from the
base of Mount Carmel the Essenes apparently had a settlement of permanent structures for their families,
and perhaps it was, or came to be called, Nazareth. It is in the "hill country" where apparently only few
choose to live. One of the reasons Nazareth did not grow significantly over centuries is because the only
reliable water supply was one small spring, until modern times.The Catholic monastic order of "White Friars"
currently established on Mount Carmel moved there in the 12th century. They adopted vegetarianism and the
white robes of the Essene monks that still survived when the friars arrived. The Catholic "Carmelites" assert
that Yeshua was an Essene and he was raised on Mount Carmel. Such information is available from various
sources including The Essene Christ by Upton Ewing, the Catholic Carmelites' own history books, and the
Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Edition, vol. 5., pg. 358. These are explanations for the words in the New
Testament related to: Nazareth, Yeshua the Nazarene, and the sect of the Nazarenes.
The Catholic Encyclopedia
Their Gospel. St. Irenaeus only states that they used the Gospel of St. Matthew. Eusebius modifies this
statement by speaking of the so-called Gospel according to the Hebrews, which was known to Hegesippus
(Eus., Hist. Eccl., IV, xxii, 8), Origen (Jerome, De vir., ill., ii), and Clem. Alex. (Strom., II, ix, 45). This,
probably, was the slightly modified Aramaic original of St. Matthew, written in Hebrew characters. But St.
Epiphanius attributes this to the Nazarenes, while the Ebionites proper only possessed an incomplete, falsified,
and truncated copy thereof (Adv. Haer., xxix, 9). It is possibly identical with the Gospel of the Twelve.
"They [the Ebionites]
say that Christ was not begotten of God the Father, but created as one
of the archangels
... that he rules over the angels and all the creatures of the Almighty, and that he came and declared, as their
Gospel, which is called Gospel according to Matthew, or Gospel According to the Hebrews" reports: "I am
come to do away with sacrifices, and if you cease not sacrificing, the wrath of God will not cease from you."
(Epiphanius, Panarion 30.16,4-5 )
'The Gospel of the
8. He also said, I am come to end the sacrifices and feasts of blood, and if ye cease not offering and eating of
flesh and blood, the wrath of God shall not cease from you, even as it came to your fathers in the wilderness,
who lusted for flesh, and they eat to their content, and were filled with rottenness, and the plague consumed them.
Baur, the founder of the "Tübingen School" of New Testament criticism,
rested his ideas
about the New Testament on the Clementines, and his ideas about the Clementines on St. Epiphanius, who
found the writings used by an Ebionite sect in the 4th century. This Judeo-Christian sect at that date rejected
St. Paul as an apostate. It was assumed that this 4th century opinion represented the Christianity of the Twelve
Apostles; Paulinism was originally a heresy, and a schism from the Jewish Christianity of James and Peter and
the rest; Marcion was a leader of the Pauline sect in its survival in the 2nd century, using only the Pauline Gospel,
St. Luke (in its original form), and the Epistles of St. Paul (without the Pastoral Epistles). The Clementine literature
had its first origin in the Apostolic Age, and belonged to the original Jewish, Petrine, legal Church. It is directed
wholly against St. Paul and his sect. Simon Magus never existed; it is a nickname for St. Paul. The Acts of the
Apostles, compiled in the second century, have borrowed their mention of Simon from the earliest form of the
Clementines. Catholicism under the presidency of Rome was the result of the adjustment between the Petrine and
Pauline sections of the Church in the second half of the second century. The Fourth Gospel is a monument of this
reconciliation, in which Rome took a leading part, having invented the fiction that both Peter and Paul were the
founders of her Church, both having been martyred at Rome, and on the same day, in perfect union.
'Paul declared: "The spirit clearly
warned me that in latter times some would abandon the faith and follow
spirits and things taught by demons. Such teachings come through hypocritical liars... commanding people to abstain
from meats, which God created to be eaten with thanksgiving.... For every animal created by God is good for eating,
and none are to be refused if received with Thanksgiving."
Bernard Gui on the Albigensians
An experienced inquisitor describes the Albigensians
It would take too long to describe in detail the manner
in which these same Manichaean heretics preach and
teach their followers, but it must be briefly considered here.
In the first place, they usually say of themselves that
they are good Christians, who do not swear, or lie, or speak
evil of others; that they do not kill any man or animal, nor anything having the breath of life, and that they hold the
faith of the Lord Jesus Christ and his gospel as the apostles taught. They assert that they occupy the place of the
apostles, and that, on account of the above-mentioned things, they of the Roman Church, namely the prelates,
clerks, and monks, and especially the inquisitors of heresy persecute them and call them heretics, although they are
good men and good Christians, and that they are persecuted just as Christ and his apostles were by the Pharisees.
From the Inquisitor's Manual of Bernard Gui [d.1331], early 14th century, translated in J. H. Robinson,
Readings in European History, (Boston: Ginn, 1905), pp. 381-383