[Dublin City] - [Points of Interest] - [Commerce & Industry] - [Historical information] - [Trinity College] - [Temple Bar]
The city occupies a generally flat site, which is bisected in an eastern and western direction by the Liffey. The river is spanned by ten bridges, notably O'Connell's Bridge, which links the main thoroughfares of the city. Except in its southwestern portion, where the streets are narrow and crooked, Dublin is well laid out, with broad avenues and spacious squares. These are especially numerous in the southeastern and northeastern quarters, which also contain many stately old mansions. Circular Drive, a boulevard about 14 km (about 9 mi) long, extends along what was the periphery of the city at the end of the 19th century. Since then, the city limits have been considerably extended. The port area, confined to the lower reaches of the Liffey, has quays and basins open to larger vessels. Two canals, the Royal (154 km/96 mi) and the Grand (335 km/208 mi), provide connections between the port area and the northern and southern branches of the Shannon River.
Dublin contains several notable suburbs, including Rathmines and Rathgar, where the homes of many wealthy businesspeople of Dublin are located; Dalkey & Killiney, where many international stars live, and Glasnevin, where Joseph Addison, Jonathan Swift, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, and other well-known personalities once resided. In the cemetery of Glasnevin lie the remains of the Irish patriots Daniel O'Connell and John Philpot Curran.
Educational institutions in Dublin include the University of Dublin and Trinity College, a campus of the National University of Ireland. Among the excellent libraries of the city are the library of the University of Dublin, the Royal Dublin Society Library, and the National Library. Other cultural centers include the National Museum, which contains numerous Irish antiquities; the National Gallery, with valuable collections of painting and sculpture; and the Abbey Theatre.
The principal unit of the Dublin park system is Phoenix Park, in the western environs of the city. About 11 km (about 7 mi) in circumference, the site of this park encompasses part of the Liffey River valley. Besides recreational facilities, Phoenix Park contains zoological gardens, several conservatories, an arboretum, and the residence of the president of the republic.
Another place worth mentioning is St Patrick's Cathedral, the web site has a short history of the cathedral (and Swift) as well as a virtual tour and information on the present running of the cathedral.
Dublin has often figured prominently in Irish history. Its inhabitants were converted to Christianity about 450 by Patrick, later the patron saint of Ireland. The town was captured in the 9th century by the Danes. The rebellious Irish wrested control of Dublin from the Danes on a number of occasions during the next three centuries, notably in 1052, 1075, and 1124. In 1171 the Danes were expelled by the Anglo-Normans, led by Henry II, king of England. He held his court in Dublin in 1172 and later made the town a dependency of the English city of Bristol. English overlordship in Dublin remained unchallenged until 1534, when the Irish patriot Thomas Fitzgerald (1513-37) laid brief siege to the city in the course of a rebellion.
In the 17th century, during the English civil wars known as the Great Rebellion, Dublin was surrendered to English parliamentary forces to prevent the city from falling to the Irish. Dublin remained under British control until the Irish insurrection of 1798, during which an attempt to seize the city ended in failure. A second attempt in 1803, led by Robert Emmet, also ended disastrously. Further abortive insurrections occurred in Dublin in 1847 and in 1867. Dublin was the scene of some of the most severe fighting of the Irish rebellion of 1916 and of the revolution of 1919-21, which resulted in the establishment of the Irish Free State. Population (1986, greater city) 920,956.
Dublin Castle - Four Courts - (click picture for a larger display)
The Corporation of Dublin donated to the university the grounds and the ruins of the confiscated All Hallows monastery and a building fund was raised by local subscription. James I endowed the institution with £400 a year and the revenue of various estates in Ulster and the English army in 1601 commemorated its victory over the Spanish at Kinsale, Ireland, by subscribing £1800 to establish a library for the college. These and other local donations provided the main financial resources of the young college. The original constitution has been revised several times, although some of the early statutes are still in effect. A revision adopted in 1793 enabled Roman Catholics to take degrees. The college is headed by a provost, and the principal governing body is the board consisting of:
Applicants for admission to the institution must pass an entrance examination or possess prescribed entrance qualifications. With few exceptions, every student enrolls in the 4-year bachelor of arts course, which offers a wide range of liberal arts subjects. The professional schools offer courses and degrees in divinity, law, medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, engineering, business management, music, education, and social studies. The degrees of master and doctor are awarded as higher degrees. Women have been eligible for degrees since 1904 and are eligible for all university appointments and offices on the same basis as men. The first woman fellow was elected in 1968.
The university buildings include fine examples of the 18th-century architecture for which Dublin is noted, particularly the library (1732), the dining hall (1761), and the public theater (1791). The library houses a notable collection of old Irish illuminated manuscripts, including the Gospels transcribed in the 7th-century Book of Durrow and the unique 8th-century Book of Kells. Since 1801 the college has been entitled by law to receive a copy of every book published in Great Britain and Ireland. Among former students of the university were the Irish philosopher George Berkeley, the English satirist Jonathan Swift, the British statesman Edmund Burke, and the Anglo-Irish playwright Oliver Goldsmith.
See also University College Dublin (UCD).
For a more in depth look at Dublin click here for an external link.