The North East
Lough Foyle to Carlingford Lough
The writing of this section of the guide was
greatly assisted by referring to ‘A Sea Kayaker’s Guide to the
C660-390 Sheet 3/4
The logical embarkation point for the outer regions
of Lough Foyle is Magilligan Point, by the
Further to the E, beyond the military zone, there is public access at about C716-363. There is a concrete slip across the beach. However, the beach surfs and there is a strong tidal drift. This may have relevance for launching. Expect caravans, lifeguards, and beach casting anglers.
Military installations on both sides show the importance of the lough in such terms.
The whole lough is less interesting inwards
to the SW. There are large areas of mudflats on the E side. That said, it is a
busy, well marked and well lit area. It is excellent for night navigation,
sheltered but with strong tides. If paddling up into the city, it is possible
to take out at Prehen Boat Club upstream of the
Road access is better on the Donegal side and there are nice secluded beaches. Greencastle at C648-400 lies directly across from Magilligan Point. The Donegal shore gets the more interesting up towards Inishowen Head at C685-438. The sea is much more exposed beyond the head.
Fierce tides push through the narrows. Rates of 3.5 knots should not be treated lightly. Eddies on the Donegal side are more pronounced and more usable in the latter half of flood and ebb. The ingoing stream is from about HW Belfast +0330 and the outgoing from HW Belfast -0230.
The Spanish Armada
The Trinidad Valancera hit a reef of Inishowen and came ashore East of Lough Foyle. Its crew of 450 mostly got off safely. They were surrounded by the English and eventually surrendered. 36 of them were ransomed, and the rest of the prisoners were put to death.
C753-362 Sheet 4
There is public access at the extreme E end
There is good access and parking at Castlerock village itself at C766-365, where there is parking and toilets at the beach access point.
C783-367 Sheet 4
To the E of Castlerock village is the Bar Mouth, where the River Bann flows into the sea. Turbulent water can be experienced quite a distance offshore. The flood at the mouth is weak by comparison to the ebb. Especially when the river is up, the ebb and the flow of the river combine to produce mighty standing waves. The flow of the river is controlled by floodgates well upstream. Powerful rip currents either side of the mouth are dangerous enough. The mouth artificially narrows the stream and this projects the fresh water out with great force. The fresh water is easily distinguished in the sea water and gives a good guide as to tide direction and strength off the beaches. The river is marked as far up as Coleraine. The area is a noted birding spot in winter.
C815-386 Sheet 4
The area behind Portstewart Strand to the W of the town is part golf course and part National Trust. There is fee-paying access to the NT section, where there are toilets and parking. There is a powerful rip each end of the strand. When the strand is dumping, it is better to launch off a slip at Portnahapple at C813-376, which is usable in most conditions.
The harbour at C815-386 can be difficult to enter or exit in heavy seas, with multi-directional reflected waves. The slip is exposed to surge. There is good parking and this is the access of choice in calm conditions.
There is some interesting rock hopping locally, clapotis almost always and some small caves and a blowhole that performs well in good swell. The tide can run fast around Portstewart Point.
Portstewart to Portrush
C815-386 to C856-407 Sheet 4
The coastline here is basalt and reasonably interesting, low lying at first. Rinagree Point at C833-397 is the halfway point. To its W is Black Rock and just off it lies Lawson’s Rock, which breaks even in a moderate swell. It is possible to shelter in the lee of Black Rock. There is a tiny storm beach accessible from landward just E of Rinagree Point. Boomers may be expected hereabouts. Rock hopping and narrow channels are best enjoyed in calmer conditions and at about HW.
C856-407 Sheet 4
Ramore Head is interesting exploring in calm conditions. Skerries Sound often kicks up and is best avoided by the inexperienced. The ebb sets up powerful standing waves.
The Skerries Portrush
C875-427 Sheet 4
These rocky islands lie about 2km NE of
Portrush. The islands are basalt and the N side is ‘steep to’ and usually has
unsettled sea conditions as the tide and swell often work in opposition. They
are mostly grassy and low on the S side. Strong tide races set between the
islands and associated rocks to their N. The sheltered S side is usually
settled, and the best landing on the large skerry is towards the E end where
there is almost a gap in the island. The Skerries are privately owned so get
permission to land from Mr Metson in Portrush at 028 70857412, especially if
intending to camp. There is a small brackish lake on the large skerry. Large
numbers of birds nest and some rabbits survive. The best embarkation point is
The Storks at C897-425 are rocks lying 2km ESE of the Skerries, and 1km NNW of Dunluce Castle. They are marked by a tall, unlit red beacon. Fishing is good hereabouts.
Portrush to Portballintrae
C856-407 - C930-424 Sheet 4
It is mainly cliffs eastwards to
Portballintrae. There are a number of interesting caves in the first section
along under prominent
Portballintrae to Dunseverick
C930-424 to C999-447 Sheet 5
The rocks between the harbour and Bushfoot
Strand can be fun at HW. On passage however, give them plenty of clearance.
Stay at least 200m clear of the E harbour entrance to avoid a boomer called the
Blind Rock. Bushfoot is named for the River Bush which flows in here at the SW
corner. Upriver 2km is the town of
The coastline eastwards is the
Just SE of the off-lying rock, the Mile Stone at C934-440, is the massive and beautiful Runkerry Cave at C935-439, complete with boulder beach and long dry passage. There are other caves hereabouts, most notably in a small cove 0.5km E of Runkerry called locally Portcoon, with a dry side entrance.
There is a slip in Portnaboe, the last cove before the Causeway proper. Visitors once walked from this point, before the access from above was organised.
The Causeway section itself is 5km around Benbane Head (C965-461). There are many exposures of geological features; dykes, sills and the various layers of volcanic activity are easily seen. The Causeway itself and all the related geology are far better seen from seaward. In strong offshore winds there are vicious down draughts and each of the bays can funnel the wind to strong gusts.
The Spanish Armada
The tragedy of the Girona, wrecked at
Lacada Point C952-455, was that it was the most seaworthy of several ships that
sailed on 16th October 1588 from Killybegs for
Formidable tides run off Benbane Head and great seas can build up off it and off Bengore Head 1km E.
Port Moon at C979-451 on the E side of Contham Head C978-4456 is a natural small boat harbour among low rocks at the base of a 60m cliff. A stone cottage with a rusty roof marks the spot to the passerby, as do the salmon net poles around it, when close in. The gut is 100m by 8m and there are rings on either side for shorelines. The port enjoys 1.5m LWS at the outer end. Landing is possible onto a sheltered but rough and stony shore/slip. Camping is nearby on grass, and there is even a stream. It has the remote feel of an island, despite a steep zig-zag path up the cliff to the public Causeway Coast Path.
The coastline eastwards towards
Dunseverick to Ballintoy
C999-447 - D039-456 Sheet 5
The rocky area immediately E of Dunseverick
is cliffy with caves hidden from view by raised beaches.
There is a youth hostel set high above the beach itself, behind the official car park. It is a long carry to the beach and not really suitable for kayak launching. The beach gives good surf though. Boulders and a dyke called the Long Causeway obstruct the E end. The rocky islets E of the beach towards Islandoo at D038-457 are NT and give good sport in the right conditions.
Ballintoy - Ballycastle
D039-456 - D121-415 Sheet 5
Inside Islandoo lies the wonderful Ballintoy harbour at D039-456, a splendid embarkation place for this area generally, or for just a lunch stop. The tides are really powerful through the channels, even right outside the harbour mouth. The harbour has a strand for landing, two slips, toilets and even a coffee shop. It gets congested in summer. Take care towing a trailer down to the harbour, as the road is steep and twisty. Good facilities, great views. Lovely.
The tides set so strongly and eddy so
fiercely in the main offshore current that it is possible to surf the deep
water eddies in
D048-458 Sheet 5
There is a strong eddy between the island and Larry Bane Head at D049-452. The power of the eddy gives only a hint of the strength of the tide races in the main current on the N side.
Landing can be made at two points. On the N of the island is an obvious bay. A boulder beach at the head of the bay gives access to a corrie-shaped area whose southern side is a narrow ridge linking the higher points of the SW and NE sides. The climb from the boulder beach is firstly on easy grassy slopes but then onto steeper rock. An exposed climb leads onto high grassy slopes. The climb should not be underestimated as the rock is loose and the slope steep.
A second landing, with easier access and support holds, is located on the SE corner.
D062-449 Sheet 5
Carrickarede to Ballycastle
The cliff scenery now becomes quite majestic. The small wooded area at Port More is very unusual. Buzzards are common hereabouts. Landing may be had by an old winch on the W side of a forest. It is possible to escape here, but it is a long scramble to the nearest road.
Watch for the splendid through-cave in Kinbane Head at D088-438. Tides set strongly at the head, and a very defined line separates the eddy from the flow. This is an excellent teaching area. Landing is possible on the W side of the head. A long steep path leads up the cliff to a car park on the E side.
Nice cliffs join Kinbane Head to Ballycastle, with dramatic caves. The cliff structure hereabouts is liable to rock fall, the slips evident by lack of vegetation. One such is directly above an inviting cave entrance, so do take care.
Ballycastle has a number of options for landing. The large breakwater has a concrete slip. The old pier has a slipway beside it. Car parking abounds, except in summer congestion. There is also a car park at the E end of the beach at D132-416 by Pans Rocks.
Chart 2798 covers the general area, as does OSNI Sheet 5. The information in the Pilot and the Sailing Directions is essential on this challenging section of coastline.
Rathlin lies just over 10km N of
Ballycastle, where there is a good embarkation place at the pier at D122-415.
The island is served by regular ferry, and boasts a stable population. Most of
the habitation and services are at
The island, steeped in history, has a
distinct character all its own. Wallace Clark’s book ‘Rathlin - Disputed
Island’ gives a lot of information about its history from the earliest settlers
to modern times. In earliest times porcellainite, or flint (as in stone age
axes) was mined here and exported. The island was successively conquered and
reconquered by the Vikings, Scots, Normans and the English. Most famously, it
was litigated over between
For the sea canoeist, this is one of the most committing of paddles, which is best done clockwise as the shape of the island sets up eddies to one’s advantage. The E side is the only part where progress could be made against the tide. The island is ‘L’ shaped and at each of the headlands there are major tide races, which are always active except at slack water, though it is generally possible to stay inshore and avoid their full force. The MacDonnell Race at the NE corner is particularly fearsome.
The cliffs on the N side are high and dark
and the feeling of exposure is greatest here. There are caves in the NE corner
near the E lighthouse, the most famous of which is said to have been used by
Robert the Bruce, where he met his spider. The S facing cliffs W of Church Bay
are chalk overlaid with basalt, and very picturesque. There are some
interesting shapes and stacks as one nears the W end of the island. There is an
old pier at D102-509 in
Peregrine, Guillemot, Razorbill.
The island, and the NE corner of
A large colony of Common Seal may be found
Rathlin mice are the biggest in
Embarkation and Tides
The most obvious embarkation place is from
Ballycastle, and the best time to start the crossing is just before slack water
Ballycastle - Cushendall
D121-415 - D263-256 Sheet 5
There is a good view of
The shore from Pans Rock at D133-417 to
These cliffs were discovered for climbers by a sea kayaker on passage, Keith Britton. In 1964, Geoff Earnshaw and Calvert Moore put up the first climb - Earnshaw’s Chimney. By 2003, there were 363 routes at Fair Head cliffs, the finest in the land, bar none. This was the first recorded of many such interactions between these symbiotic outdoor pursuits, kayaking and climbing.
Eastwards, the shoreline changes to steep and unstable grass slopes, intermingled with loose cliff and scree. There is a small landing E of Torr Head at D234-408. Have a look at the interesting stone shelter in the mouth of the cave. The local fishermen are particularly informative. Have a fair tide hereabouts, or suffer.
The coastline S is much the same, steep grass eroded to provide exposed rock on the shore. The lack of distinct features makes judging progress difficult. There are some pleasant shingle beaches N of Cushendun.
At Cushendun, land at the S end where a lane
gives access to a car park, near the outflow of the
The coastline S to Cushendall is similar. There is a car park in Cushendall at the N end of the beach, with easy access at D263-256.
The Maidens or Hulin Rocks are two small
lighthouse islands located 9km ENE of Ballygalley. The West Maiden is also
known as the Northern Rock, its lighthouse is called the
The most convenient is from a large car park with a slipway and access to a small shingle beach at D378-080 between Ballygalley and Ballygalley Head.
The safest route to the island means staying
N of Ballygalley Head. The port of Larne just S is busy with very fast cross
channel ferries and shipping. Most take a line from Larne to
D450-115 Sheet 9
The West Tower Lighthouse and its attendant three storey cut-stone buildings dominate the island. The lighthouse tower can still be climbed internally, as the old stairway steps are still in reasonable condition. Access to the flat unprotected roof is through a narrow opening in the top floor. The view is worth the effort. An interesting iron walkway bridge links the tower to the accommodation block. The keepers’ quarters are now quite ruined and their layout compares interestingly with those on the more modern East Maiden.
Landing on the West Maiden is more difficult than on the East Maiden. The most suitable area for deep water landing onto rock shelves is located on the W side, N of the old pier under some large rocky outcrops. No beach was found but several cuts may be usable at HW. There is an old pathway that leads NW from the main building to NW corner but no steps or obvious landing was located. The old pier at the SW corner is not suitable for kayak landings.
D457-114 Sheet 9
This is a small but attractive low-lying rocky island dominated by the East Tower Lighthouse and its attendant buildings. Space is at a premium but the lighthouse buildings are well maintained and their layout invites one to explore.
Landing is at either the NW or SE corner onto steps or onto rock shelves at lower tides. Landing should not be underestimated as tides run strongly around the island and through the sounds and channels that separate the lighthouse islands from a series of outlying skerries. An older disused pier is located at the S end.
D465-025 Sheet 9
A medium sized island, about 1km N/S,
located 300m off the mainland near the beautiful little
Donaghadee is the logical embarkation point
for a day trip to the
There are strong tide races through the sounds. The tide floods SE from Belfast HW +0500 to HW 0100, about an hour ahead of the tide on the rocks by the shore. The streams through Donaghadee Sound achieve 4.5 knots in places, and through Copeland Sound achieve 2.5 knots, so great care is necessary.
Off the islands, the tide turns about an hour later. The infamous Ram Race forms just at the E tip of Mew, and extends for up to 2km SSE on the flood and NNW on the ebb. On the S going flood a huge eddy forms behind Mew. This loops back on itself, along the coast from about Ballyferis Point, 7km S of Donaghadee, and then out E of the islands. The race to the SSE of Mew is at its worst where the two re-join, on the second half of the flood, from about HW Belfast -0215 to +0030 (i.e. about local HW). The NNW race occurs on the last half of the ebb from HW Belfast +0345 to +0615 (i.e. about local LW).
Arctic Tern, Brent Goose, Ringed & Golden Plover, Turnstone.
J590-834 Sheet 15
J597-856 Sheet 15
Lighthouse Island (sometimes referred to as
John’s Island) lies 2km N of Copeland Island, is owned by the National Trust,
and has a bird observatory on top, used by the NT. Landing is at the SE corner
at J597-856 onto sand at LW but stones on higher tides. Originally the
lighthouse was here, but a later light was lit on the better placed
J602-861 Sheet 15
Before the lighthouse was built on Mew, a
spectacular wreck was that of the ‘
A great tragedy was played out here on 31st
January 1953 when the ferry ‘Princess Victoria’ got into trouble en route from Stranraer
When the rescue services finally came on the scene, the seas were truly mountainous. Great heroism later merited several gallantry awards of the highest level available to non-military personnel. Captain Ferguson (brother of Harry Ferguson, inventor of the modern tractor) and his radio operator David Broadfoot stayed at their posts to the end and went down with the ship. 121 died. There were 44 survivors, all adult males.
The same storm peaked in the
Sheet 21 / Sheet 15
The paddling from Donaghadee at J691-802 to
Ballyquintin Point at J624-454 at the mouth of
The coastline from Donaghadee to Ballyhalbert Point at J664-630 is less interesting than further S, being of shingle and sand beaches.
Next comes Portavogie at J663-595, a busy fishing harbour often congested with trawlers. North Rock at J674-561 with its breeding Grey Seals, lies 3km SSE. South Rock at J677-531 lies 2km offshore and 3km N of Kearney Point. The rocky shoreline of Kearney Point at J645-511 is owned by the National Trust and is a good place to go ‘rock pool peering’ for marine invertebrates such as Dog Whelks, Mussels, and Starfish. It is a very enjoyable day trip to catch the ebb tide from Strangford out to the mouth, then N to the Rocks, and back on the flood. The South Rock lightship, fully automated, lies 2km ENE of the South Rocks. There is a spit of land between the North Rocks and Ringboy Point at J650-574 to the WNW. Occasionally the sea can become steep and untidy here, particularly when the swell is against the tide.
The tidal stream decreases as one travels southwards towards Ballyhalbert from 4.5 knots in Donaghadee Sound to about 2.5 knots off Skullmartin Rock at J649-687. Further S, from Ballyhalbert Point at J664-630 to Ballyquintin Point at J624-454, the tides run along the coast and reach 1.5 knots in springs.
Strangford Lough is one of the largest sea
Strangford is the premier autumn arrival
site for the Brent Goose. Some remain on for the winter but most disperse to
other sites throughout
There are 2 species of seal to be found around our coasts. They are the Common (or Harbour) Seal and the Grey Seal. They are quite distinctly different. The Common has a spaniel dog type of head and is considerably smaller than the Grey, which has a flat head with a large obvious nose. There are about 400 Common Seals and 80 Grey Seals in the lough.
The Common Seal give birth in June and it is most entertaining to watch the antics of the pups from the quiet position of a sea kayak. The greys give birth in October and it is a rare and beautiful sight to see the white furry pups of these much larger seals.
Chart 2156 and OS sheet 21 each covers the lough in detail.
Sheet 21 J610-453
Angus Rock is the first point of note
There are overfalls and broken water around Angus Rock, both on the flood and ebb tide. See the tidal stream atlas for details. On spring tides, from the 1st to 3rd hour of the ebb, an interesting grade 2 rapid occurs on the N side of the Angus Rock. This can get up to about a grade 3 with a diagonal stopper during very big equinoctial springs. There is a drop in sea level across the rocks of about 3 feet and it is possible to get good surfing on the stopper wave.
On the last hour of the ebb, an enjoyable set of waves often form, again on the N side of the Angus Rock, where you can join the seals for some surfing. On the flood tide, again just N of the Rock, another small set of overfalls is formed. There is an obvious drop in the sea level followed by small boils and whirlpools.
Strangford Lough covers 150km2 of
sea and contains 1650 million m3 of sea water at high tide. HW at
Portaferry is at least 2 hours later than at the mouth of the
At the entrance to the
The next point of interest is the Routen
Wheel, just SW of Rue Point. The Wheel is on the E side of the channel. It is
quite easy to avoid by closely hugging the coast along the E side. A good viewing
point is from the wee island called
The Wheel is characterised by short-lived but heavy and violent boils, whirlpools and stoppers. It is caused by an underwater ridge of rock only 4.6m below the surface, rising suddenly either side from 18m below, sticking diagonally out from the shallower E side of the main channel into the main flow. The NE/SW ridge that creates the Wheel is situated along a line 200m SW of Rue Point at J597-487 to J599-489. This is no ordinary rapid. A boil forms, then another beside it swivelling the other way, and soon a whirlpool forms on the boundary. Admire it as pretty, but then you are in it, sinking ever lower, pointing upstream, to the side, down again, then the whirlpool stops and away you go again. Paddling back up through the Wheel is an experience too as you try to read the water, the way boils are pushing and so on. A good eddy exists S of Rue Point on the E side, as far as Gowland Rock at J603-485, so that a number of runs of the Wheel can be enjoyed.
The Wheel occurs during both the flood and ebb tide although it tends to be more violent during the ebb. The turbulence lasts for about 400m and any capsizes can easily be dealt with beyond the turbulence. Rescues need to be swift as the speed of the current reaches 7.5 knots. It is safer to play during the flood.
There is a rapid beside a beacon to one side, Gowland Rock at J603-485, where a surf wave forms, just like on a river. The area around here is used a lot by seals to haul out on the rocks. Care should be taken not to disturb them from their haul outs as it can cause injury.
One of the greatest dangers on the
‘Exploris’, an excellent aquarium, is situated within a minute’s walk from the main slip at Portaferry and is well worth a visit as it has displays of the marine wildlife of the lough and the Irish Sea.
Another place well worth a visit is the Barn
at Castleward, owned by the National Trust, in
Audley’s Castle, built in the 16th Century,
lies on the W side of the
Inner Strangford Lough
Inside the lough, the tidal strength
decreases from 6 knots between the two towns to 4 knots at
The E coast of the lough has a lot less of interest to the canoeist than the W due to the lack of islands etc. However, at ‘The Dorn’ at J593-568, there is a reasonable tidal flow from an enclosed bay of up to 2.5 knots, especially on the ebb and a spectacular marine waterfall about an hour to two after high water.
The W side of the lough is a fascinating
maze of submerged drumlin hills forming over 100 islands and rock pladdies.
In the SW corner,
To the SW of Salt Island lies the
Heading N from the barrage which protects
Downpatrick from tidal flooding, lies
Between Taggart and
Green Island Rock at J545-602 is a haul out for Common Seal and is very accessible to allow a group of novices to experience canoeing with seals.
To the W and N of Rainey Island at J527-630,
there are two channels where the tide runs either side of the island at up to 5
knots in its rush to fill or empty
Geese 13,500+ (including 1,300 Pale-bellied Brent Geese, more than 75% of the world population)
The lough has areas renowned for their beauty or scientific importance and legislation protects this valuable and unique area. Access is unrestricted in the lough and conservationists rely heavily on the goodwill of recreational users. The National Trust has produced ‘The Castaways Code’ and map for those using the lough for recreational boating. This should be consulted before paddling in the lough during the nesting season (April-June) and the islands marked ‘Birds Welcome’ should be avoided.
J596-415 Sheet 21
Most of the time, a reasonably strong tide
There is a lovely old stone navigation marker painted white on the SE tip. Beside it lies the remains of an old ruined church. Thick grass covers the island. Very attractive spot.
The SE side of Guns Island is a mass of nesting Kittiwake, Guillemot and Cormorant on the cliff ledges and paddlers should keep a reasonable distance offshore to avoid disturbance during the nesting season (April-June). The N side is favoured by a large colony of gulls that nest on the tussock grass just above the shore.
Strangford Lough to Carlingford Lough
Sheet 21/Sheet 29
Killard Point at J613-435, a National Nature Reserve, is well worth a visit, especially in June to see the abundance of butterflies and wild flowers growing on the sand dunes. Among these can be found the beautiful Bee Orchid, Spotted Orchid, Wild Thyme and Yellow Rattle. Butterflies include the Common Blue, Small Heath and Meadow Brown.
The 14km from the entrance of Strangford Lough to St.John’s Point is a lovely paddle along small cliffs and a rocky shore of siltstones and shales believed to be formed during the Silurian period, 435 million years ago. This area is known as the Lecale and shortly after the last ice age would have been a large island with the sea connecting Dundrum inner bay with Strangford Lough.
At Legnaboe, on the mainland about 600m S of the southern tip of Guns Island, there is a narrow sea cave which appears safe to enter at all states of the tide, provided there is little swell.
Along this piece of coast lie the villages of Ardglass at J563-373 and Killough at J540-363. Although Killough was an important fishing port, the harbour is now derelict, whilst Ardglass has taken over as a principal fishing port, famous for its herrings, pronounced locally as ‘hearns’. A new marina has been built at Ardglass and there is easy access to the sea from both Killough and Ardglass.
Brent Goose (
From St. John’s Point at J526-333 to Newcastle (a distance of 15km as the crow flies or as the canoeist paddles), the scenery is dominated by the beach and sand dune systems of Murlough National Nature Reserve (NNR).
Within the inner bay at Dundrum, there is a
causeway and bridge at J402-356. This connects the farms and houses within
Murlough NNR to the main Dundrum to
During the ebb from Dundrum inner bay,
tremendous deep water surfing waves can be formed at the entrance if there is
even a little swell from the S or E. However, once the tide has finished
ebbing, the only practical course of action is to paddle to
For 2km to the S and 3km to the N of the
entrance to Dundrum inner bay, care must be taken due to the rifle range at the
army camp at Ballykinler. There are 3 yellow marker buoys marked DZ and the
paddler should keep to the seaward side of these when the red flag (day) or red
lights (night) are visible over the base just N of the entrance to the inner
bay. However, tracers have been sighted by local canoeists doing a night paddle
from St.John’s Point to
The tides along this section of coast to St.John’s Point are weak. A trip from St.John’s Point to Newcastle is a very popular paddle on a good moonlit night as you have the lighthouse flashing behind you, the twinkling lights of Newcastle to aim for and the foreboding outline of the Mournes dominating the paddle.
A sewage outfall pipe lies about 1 cable
offshore to the S of the harbour and, although
The scenery of the
There are a number of small but enjoyable
caves in the area, one of which has a blowhole at the top. There are also two
bigger caves, one of which involves a 50m squeeze, where hands are needed to
get through. This cave is not obvious from the sea but it can be found with
careful exploring and it’s worth going through, especially in a plastic boat!.
The other large cave has a small rocky beach at the back and if there isn’t
much swell, it’s good fun landing and exploring on up the cave. A short trip
The next principal port is Annalong which
has a small harbour at J378-197, used mainly by small craft engaged in creeling
(laying lobster pots). Further along the coast is a small rock called
Then, passing Lee Stone Point at J334-144,
the large granite boulder (another relic of the ice age known as an erratic) is
an obvious feature. The fishing
Carlingford Lough is the most dramatic sea
lough on the E coast of
The S side of the lough is in the
The tidal streams within the lough are weak and a pleasant and undemanding crossing can be made from Killowen or Rostrevor Quays to Carlingford village. However, during strong WNW winds, squalls funnel down from the hills around Rostrevor and cause little cyclones and mini tornadoes on the sea. These are known locally as ‘Kettles’ as the water appears to boil and steam off the surface.
J255-096 Sheet 29
The lighthouse just to the E at J260-096 is 20m high with a white light flashing three times every ten seconds and an ancillary red light lower down continuously flashing. Landing at the lighthouse is not permitted and anyway can only be achieved in calm conditions. The main channel into the lough passes to the N of the island, where one must avoid commercial shipping. Navigation in the lough is very buoyage orientated so consider using Chart 2800.
Embark on the southern side of the lough
from Greenore or from the pretty
Tides run strongly in the lough entrance
near the island, where the ebb and flow start with -local HW and LW, which are
much the same as
Good overfalls and races occur during both the flood and the ebb around the Haulbowline Lighthouse. The most pleasant and relatively safe playing in these overfalls is on the flood tide. The area is regularly used by local clubs and centres for rough water training.
The East Coast
Greenore Point to
Islands off Skerries
A group of three low-lying islands lie just off the coast at Skerries, with ‘The Rock’ further off. Taken together they form an interesting day trip with good wildlife interest. They are listed as areas of Scientific Interest by Duchás with SPA status. Camping is possible, but no water is available. The presence of a healthy population of rats on the inner islands may discourage an overnight. Rugged Rockabill further out is a lighthouse island rock.
Short-eared Owl (up to 7 in winter), Golden Plover, and Common,
The most convenient embarkation place is at the slipway beside the RNLI
building at the pier in Skerries, where parking is generally convenient at
O255-612. Do not, under any circumstances, block the access to or interfere
with the operation of the lifeboat station, or of the working pier. The main
catch at Skerries is prawn and shrimp. Accordingly, the local fishermen are
benignly disposed to seals, which do not catch either. Seals are plentiful
hereabouts. Launching may also be had less conveniently from the E facing
Local HW/LW is the same as for
Inshore amongst the inner islands, the flow starts at HW Dublin -0100. Tides flow strongly in the sounds.
Between the inner islands and Rockabill, the ebb starts an hour later, at Dublin HW. The flood runs N from -0615 to HW Dublin, and reaches 1.5 knots in springs.
O267-611 Sheet 43
A small, low-lying island lying just off the point at Skerries. Land easily on sand/shingle on SW side. The E side has reefs and breakers that should be avoided in strong NE - SE winds in spring ebb tides.
O276-613 Sheet 43
A small island, outside Colt, known locally as
There is the ruin of an Early Christian Church and a small monastery, which dates back to Viking times. It was important enough to merit a synod being held in 1148 in which fifteen bishops, two hundred priests, and several other clergy assisted. The church towards the eastern tip is still very much worth the visit.
The NE and eastern sides of the island catch the full ebb tide over a rocky
underwater reef. Overfalls can develop, especially in S to SE winds against a
spring ebb tide. In the sound between St. Patrick’s and
O267-598 Sheet 43
Shenick is the most southerly of the inshore group and is dominated by a
The passage between
O323-626 Sheet 43
Rockabill is the larger of two granite rocky islets, strictly called
The Roseate Tern is an endangered species so do respect the rules.
O323-628 Sheet 43
Landing is possible on the Bill at low water in calm conditions onto rock shelves on the western corner. At LW springs, it is possible to clamber across kelp-covered rocks between the two islands. The Bill is quite an enjoyable rock scramble, and holds breeding Arctic Tern, Common Tern and a small Kittiwake colony in season.
O315-500 Sheet 43
The closest approach is from
The island is privately owned by the Revelstoke family and no landing should take place. This is particularly true of the W side of the island where the main harbour and housing is situated. If in distress, at least stay below the high water line, and out of sight. The owners value their privacy, the welfare of the nesting wild bird population, and the health of the most unusual domesticated animal population, marsupials included.
There are two satisfactory beaches on the N side, just E of the north-west point, one tucked into the point itself facing E at O310-515, and the other is just further E, below an unsightly rubbish dump, facing N at O312-512.
There are no beaches or landing sites anywhere on the eastern half of the
island, but there are three excellent, small, sandy or stony beaches on the S
side, in sheltered coves. One is in the middle in
Tidal races run strongly on all four corners. Local HW is the same as Dublin HW. The stream floods N from HW Dublin +0430 to -0130, and ebbs in reverse. Between Lambay and the mainland, 2 knots can be achieved in springs.
The island is a significant wild bird habitat and holds internationally
important numbers of breeding Cormorant, Shag, Razorbill and Guillemot. 59,000
breeding pairs of Guillemot were counted in 1995/1999, which makes it the
second most important colony in
Barnacle Goose, Peregrine
Seabirds eggs have been harvested here on the grand scale in times of
crisis. Apparently the birds all feed on municipal dumps across on the mainland
and the eggs do no taste fishy at all at all. In WW2 the eggs were collected
and exported to
In 1905/6 Robert Lloyd Praeger,
The White Star Line lost the largest merchantman ever built in Britain, its biggest, best, and most modern passenger ship, on its maiden voyage, in a major tragedy with huge loss of life, trying to set a new record for the shortest ever sea passage for the British and Irish emigrants aboard. Sounds familiar ? Sounds like the Titanic? Wrong.
Long before the Titanic in 1912, it had all happened before.
The ‘Tayleur’ left
The ship was undermanned. The crew was inexperienced. No one had yet worked out how to use a compass aboard a metal craft. Magnetic variation was known and understood at the time, but what would become known as ‘magnetic deviation’ was not. In thick weather, land was sighted ahead. It was misidentified, at terrible cost.
Too late, remedial action failed. The ship struck the E point of Lambay. In
shallow water, the ship died slowly against the rocks. Some passengers
scrambled ashore, others slid down a rope. Escape from the ship at this
critical point favoured the able bodied, so women and children featured
disproportionately among the dead. Only 3 of the 200 women on board survived.
Bodies littered the shore for weeks after. 100 are buried on Lambay. More than
half of all aboard drowned. It is guessed that 345 survived and did eventually
For camping kayakers on passage, getting past
O198-660 - Balbriggan
2km NNW of the town. Known locally as
O270-545 - Rush -
Camping and caravan park, tel. 01-8437131. A short carry from HW mark. Land
onto a safe sandy beach. Pub grub at 400m walk. Coming from
O225-469 Sheet 50
Most of Malahide Estuary is separated from the open sea by a man-made
embankment over which runs the
For the higher spring tides, playtime starts at Dublin HW -0200, and the best of the fun finishes at about Dublin HW or a little after. On lower spring tides, playtime begins a bit later at around Dublin HW -0130. In midsummer, it may well be possible to have a suitable daylight tide late in the evening, but for 95% of the year, all play will take place in the relatively early morning, what some may regard as the ‘Crack of Noon’. Appropriate starting times vary, mostly between 0830 and 1130.
In bigger spring tides, it is best to arrive before the water begins to pour, as that is when the waves and stoppers are most friendly. As time progresses, the water force becomes much stronger. Although the surfing becomes more dramatic, the waveacquisition needs that bit more energy, the eddies become less pronounced, and the penalty for error the more tiring as the length and power of the runoff increases.
On smaller spring tides, the run through begins as above, at Dublin HW 0200, but lacks power for half an hour or more. It achieves its best in the last hour before Dublin HW, and goes on a bit longer. Also, the eddies are not washed out as much, and though the surf waves are much less powerful, they are magic.
There are about twelve arches. The strongest flow, and where eddies are hardest to acquire, is in the middle. A wreck was jammed against the outside of the embankment until Christmas 1996. Its absence is still much regretted. It used to greatly lessen the flow to the three arches it immediately blocked, and send great forces of water to the arches on either side, creating huge variety in playing characteristics. Now the variation is somewhat less. However, there is still great variation, both from arch to arch, and from minute to minute as the tide builds, and the inner bay deepens.
The Arches also seem to be entirely hazard free, suitable for any group competent and willing to perform frequent Xrescues. Intermediate to Advanced standard or Proficiency Level 3/4 upwards is advised. Downstream of the actual stoppers and playwaves, the turbulent runoff stretches out 150m. In places, it is reminiscent of easier megavolume Alpine rivers, with confused maneating boils and eddy lines.
It is best to park inside or W of the railway line, on the Malahide side of the estuary. The road from the village runs along the inner bay, and parking is in lay-bys at O223-463. Starting on the seaward side would involve a carry across the railway line when finished, as playtime ends long before the flow under the arches starts -going out.
Approaching Malahide from
Bar-tailed Godwit, Golden Plover, Little Egret, Ruff, Kingfisher.
O284-414 Sheet 50
The island is noted for its rock climbing on the tor at the NE corner, on the sea stack just off it, and also on the big cliff centred on the N side. Do please though exercise caution as regards bird life, and climb later in the season.
The church dates back to 700, and is called Cill MacNessan. A manuscript similar to the more famous Book of Kells was penned here by three monks, and it is also preserved in Trinity College Dublin.
Peregrine. The island is a breeding ground for various auks, Fulmar,
Kittiwake, Shag, Cormorant, gulls, and others. In particular, a Gannet colony
started to breed here in 1989, and is now the only significant such colony between
the Saltees to the S and Ailsa Craig in
Embarkation and Landing
There is convenient access at a public slipway beside the Lifeboat Station
at O285-394 in
The Round of Howth Head
The round of Howth Head is a popular trip for
The put-in point to the N is at the public slipway at the RNLI station in
The round of Howth is usually done -anti clockwise, on a rising tide, best
in calm or gentle southerlies. An ‘out and back’ trip from
Fulmar, Cormorant, Shag, Herring Gull, Kittiwake, Guillemot, Razorbill, Black Guillemot.
The main E coast streams run N and S off the Bailey and the Nose, and on
both sides of
The main E coast flood enters
In the first hour or two of the flood, from Dublin HW -0600 to -0400, paddlers often find that the stream exiting Dublin Bay E is stronger than the main coastal flood N. Thus the stream at the Bailey is E, and sets up a huge circular eddy, for about 2km to the N.
The inner part of the bay, with its city and industrial surrounds, holds
little interest for sea kayakers, and is dealt with briefly. All the practical
embarkation points are considered. The outer parts of the bay, from Dun
The tide floods N and ebbs S off the entrance to the bay, flooding from Dublin HW 0600 to HW, reaching 3.25 knots each way in springs. Inside the bay, the situation is more complex. Tides in the middle of the bay are stationary. The streams circulate around the edges. The effect of this is to constantly renew the waters of the bay which dissipates the worst polluting effects of the nearby population. Timings and strengths are very different on the two sides of the bay.
The flood enters the Bay through Muglins and Dalkey Sounds, past
Tides in the north
In the northern part of
The streams inside the harbour, under ordinary conditions, go with the rising and falling tide. Beware however heavy rainfall causing the river to flood. The overlying fresh water conditions favour short weak floods and long strong ebbs, and the outgoing stream can thus be very strong at the mouth, reaching 3.5 knots. This is typical of heavily freshwater-fed enclosed places.
Tides in the south
In the southern part of
Landing is possible all the way from the mouth of the Liffey to Sandycove,
except for regulated areas inside the busy ferry
From Sandycove at O257-281 to Sorrento Point at the S end of Dalkey Sound at O273-261, the ground is almost entirely small granite cliffs fronting impressive private property. Pretty, but landing is practical only at the three public harbours, Sandycove, Bullock and Coliemore.
Dublin Bay Embarkation Points
Sutton Sailing Club
O265-377 Sheet 50
This is an embarkation point for the round of Howth Head. Even here at LW,
there is something of a carry, and the parking is very tight. So, if doing a
shuttle, leave vehicles at
O227-374 Sheet 50
N of Dublin Port is the
Golden Plover, Bar-tailed Godwit, Great Northern Diver, Little Egret, Peregrine, Merlin, Short-eared Owl.
The significance of the Bull for bird watchers is in the huge numbers and
the variety of species. It is popular because the birds may be easily watched.
Living close to buses, cars, golfers, joggers and even dogs, the birds do not
startle easily. In the channels, the rising tide concentrates the birds as it
pushes them up the shore, and they can be watched from very close range. The
Bull features prominently in the early stages of the education of all
The Bull has internationally important numbers of Brent Goose, Knot, and many other winter species. Most of the centre of the island is taken up with two golf courses, which are fenced off from the outer rim. Birders are found mostly on the mainland side, and swimmers favour the open beach on the outer side. Hares abound on the golf courses and are tolerated with equanimity by the golfers. There is an Interpretive Centre near the causeway. It probably owes its existence to its timing, as it was built shortly before planning permission became necessary.
O223-353 Sheet 50
Dollymount Strand runs the entire length of the outside of
Not a logical embarkation point for anywhere in particular, this putin point is nonetheless popular for the surf. As well as getting small playsurf, in gentle westerlies in particular, this is where surfers embark to surf the wake of the incoming car ferries. If the ferry is late and hasn’t slowed down to enter harbour (a regular occurrence), especially on lower tide levels, the second or third bow wave of the ferry can be large enough to run you all the way to the beach 1km away. Catch it just outside the North Bull Lighthouse. Not for novices.
O214-336 Sheet 50
Should there be a reason to do so, embarkation is possible, with convenient
parking, from the very end of the road leading to the South Pier wall of
O197-311 Sheet 50
One would have to be desperate. Launching and landing is only possible at
HW. If so, this is the most convenient spot in terms of parking and launching
on the entire S city area. Park and access where the
O227-290 Sheet 50
A popular swimming spot and parking is under extreme pressure. Go down a
little culdesac called Brighton Vale, off
O233-287 Sheet 50
There is a pleasant beach giving access directly to the open water. It is situated just outside the West Pier of Dun Laoghaire Harbour, reachable by road via the harbour. By car, cross the railway bridge closest to the West Pier at O240-290. Turn immediately left, leaving the railway to the left and the water to the right. Follow the twisting road to its end, 200m further along, under a barrier, at a spacious car park.
This sheltered beach never inflicts too long a carry. Windsurfers and beginner boaters of all kinds use it. Swimmers prefer Seapoint, 600m further E. For kayakers, it is favoured as the embarkation point for starting and ending longer journeys, as parking here never comes under pressure and the length of absence is of no matter. Furthermore, it is just outside the Salthill/Monkstown Dart station.
O239-290 Sheet 50
Tucked into the SW corner of
O236-289 Sheet 50
Alternatively, also inside the
O257-282 Sheet 50
At Scotsman’s Bay, this W facing little harbour was once much used for the launching of rubber boats by scuba divers, but they ran into trouble with the authorities for their excessive enthusiasm. Now all speed craft are banned from using the slipway there, to the benefit of swimmers and others using the little cove. Kayakers should not attract attention to themselves as the rule may well be applied to all small boats. Be respectful of other water users, don’t do a lot of shouting, and don’t strap a big knife to your ankle.
Otherwise, this is a splendid, sheltered little harbour, mostly sand filled, with no boat carry at any stage of the tide. Parking is feasible except in heat waves or holiday times. The Forty Foot is at hand for a swim afterwards. Divers are barred there too, even on foot. This cove needs sustained N or NW winds before the sea gets lumpy.
O263-278 Sheet 50
Bullock has ample parking and easy launching at all stages of the tide,
although it is mucky on lower waters. It is the favoured put-in spot on all
O273-269 Sheet 50
An important Roseate Tern colony has been established on the rock, 500m NW of Dalkey Island. Please give a wide berth during the breeding season from April to July.
O273-265 Sheet 50
Parking is very restricted at this attractive little harbour on the
O277-263 Sheet 50
An interesting small grassy island, it has a
Vikings named it Dalk Eyja ("
The medieval church is dedicated to St.Begnet. The lintelled doorway is a feature of the period prior to the 12th Century. The bellcote high on the gable above is likely to have been added later, possibly in the 15th Century. The high side walls might also have been raised about then. The fireplace at the E end was added when the church was used as a residence by soldiers and masons in the early 19th Century.
The gun battery is built into the granite cliffs on the southern tip of the
island. While it is unimposing from the mainland, ships sailing into
Landing is best at a little beach on the landward side of the NW corner, W
of the church. There is also a little cove just inside the nearby pier. The
beach here is usable except on the bottom third of the tide. A regular ferry
The tide runs strongly inside and outside the island. Outside the island, in Muglins Sound, it turns as with the main coastal stream outside at Dublin HW. Inside, in Dalkey Sound, it turns much earlier. In neaps, it turns at Dublin HW and LW -0130 achieving 1.5 knots. In springs, it turns at Dublin HW and LW -0200 achieving 2.5 knots.
One stream of the main flood tide swings around Killiney Bay and divides with one part eddying through Dalkey Sound (hence the timing differential). The main part sweeps E out to sea past the southern tip of the island. Overfalls occur where the streams reconnect, just off Sorrento Point at O273-261.
Expect bigger overfalls on the flood tide at the southern tip of the island. These are particularly big with a S or SE swell. Paddlers prefer to circumnavigate anticlockwise, especially on the flood, to avoid being pushed up onto the rocks at this point. If in doubt about the conditions, have a look first from a safe distance at Sorrento Point. Following the coast of the island will ensure you are in the full flow before you see the overfalls. A decision to turn back at this stage will mean paddling against a 2-3kn flow.
O284-268 Sheet 50
Often visited in tandem with
O260-246 Sheet 50
2km offshore at this northern end of the bay is the shallow Frazer Bank,
which has an enormous effect upon the flood tide. One branch of the tide flows
in a curve close along inshore and veers eastwards to meet the main tide
flooding northwards in the direction of
O276-179 Sheet 56
Bray is a large town and was once a satellite of
The River Dargle enters the sea through the harbour. It dries out at LW and
is not a particularly attractive embarkation point. The bottom of the harbour
is very silted. There is a slipway and beach in the harbour, which is usable on
the top two-thirds of the tide. There is another slipway on the outside of the
N pier. A
O286-170 Sheet 56
Bray Head is a mountain with twin peaks. The more northerly, 206m high peak has a prominent cross on top. The larger, 240m peak is to the S. At shore level, there are two roughly equivalent headlands, Bray Head at O286-170 and Cable Rock at O290-156. Cable Rock is a pronounced headland with an off-lying rock. There are large seabird colonies on the head in the breeding season.
Swell develops if there are sustained or strong winds from N, E or S, and gives difficult conditions all along the headland from the promenade in Bray to Cable Rock. The sea frequently breaks over Cable Rock, 80m off the headland. The tide flows strongly through the gap. Beware of a deeper rock, about 50m off the shore, which breaks the lower half of the tide in bad conditions. The sea state off Bray Head is almost always more severe than on the adjoining coast. Rogue waves are not unusual. This is not a place to go swimming, as the escape routes are tricky, the few storm beaches having dumping surf.
This whole 3km section is a fine paddle, very scenic, the slopes of Bray Head rising above, and the cliffs at the water’s edge a modest rock-climbing haven. Look for the climbing cliffs just N of the Cable Rock headland. They are identified by the metal spikes in the steep ground in the first 20m above HW where the railway tunnel opens.
There are three landable storm beaches on the head, but they are exposed and steep, or even missing, at HW. Above them runs the railway line, which was engineered out of the cliff with great difficulty in the mid 19th Century. The most convenient embarkation point in Bray is at the extreme S end of the promenade at O276-179, closest to the head.
O296-128 Sheet 56
The beach inside the harbour is the easiest embarkation point for kayaks, at any point of the tide. Close nearby is a chip shop, ice cream, pub, and all small modern town facilities. The walk on the shore above the cliffs along here up Bray Head is lovely, as is the walking southwards along the shore.
Greystones to Wicklow
O296-128 - T322-941 Sheet 56
For 20km S of Greystones, all the way to Wicklow, the coastline is uniformly
flat and boring when seen from the sea. The backdrop however is the Wicklow
Hills, known as the
Bewick and Whooper Swan, Little Tern, Golden Plover, Bar-tailed Godwit.
1km of rocky coastline S from the harbour, the town ends and the
More to the naturalists’ taste, there are two eco-systems in one, fresh water and salt water, side by side. The two are wonderfully different, and the subject of much study as to their comparable flora and fauna. Barry O’Flynn of nearby Kilcoole carried out the first study in 1973.
About 3km further S is Six Mile Point at O318-038, the most easterly point on the route. In summer, there is a colony of Little Tern, which nest in the gravel, and are so splendidly camouflaged that it is truly inconsiderate to walk on the beach hereabouts at all. It is a Birdwatch Ireland reserve but only well marked from the land. Please therefore be careful if landing.
Pleasantly camp just about anywhere. Indeed this is probably the first grassy camping S of Dublin.
T322-941 Sheet 56
Wicklow is a major town, where just about everything may be acquired.
Little Egret, Hen Harrier, Peregrine, Merlin, Ruff, Bar-tailed Godwit, Kingfisher.
T235-924 Sheet 56
Wicklow Head is a serious attraction to E coast paddlers in search of truly powerful sea forces in a fullblooded open water environment, yet with sanctuary nearby. On the head is a huge lighthouse, amongst the most powerful on the East coast. There are cliffs and caves on both sides. There is a pronounced eddy system either side of the head itself, and guaranteed playtime except for the shortest of slacks. On passage, err with caution to get past efficiently, as this is undoubtedly one of the most significant headlands of the southern part of the E coast.
At Wicklow Head, the N going flood starts earlier than on the Dublin/North Wicklow coast further N. The flood tide runs from Dublin HW +0345 to 0115 approximately. Downstream, expect long powerful run-offs. It is always possible to rest in eddies in the lee of the head, except when the wind is from the eastern quadrant.
Inshore tides all along the Wicklow and Wexford coasts generally follow the direction of the coast, and information on timing is unreliable. From Wicklow Head to Arklow, the flood is thought to run up to 3 knots in springs and the ebb at 1 knot.
Off Wicklow Head itself where big boats go, the flood is up to 4 knots, and the ebb 3 knots, but close by the rocks where kayaks go, the current gets seriously fast. Local paddlers say 6 knots, both ways. Bride’s Head at T339-931 is 1km N of Wicklow Head, and on the ebb, the flow can be almost as strong there.
Going S, on the other side of Wicklow Head, keep in the main flow as long as you can. A weaker eddy system operates, almost as far as Long Rock at Silver Strand at T338-910.
Access to the head is usually from Wicklow town as described above, but if a launching from S is preferred, there are several awkward choices. Public access is always available from Brittas Bay, but this is 10km to the S. Closer access points involve an awkward carry down steep steps to a beach. Magheramore beach at T330-884 is loved by surfers, especially on a low tide with a sustained wind from the S/SSE. Access by car is now disputed, though available, but please close the entrance gate at T324-886. The access at Silver Strand at T337-911 is the most reliable, at least in summer, and closest. The road access at T336-914 is through the more northerly of two paying caravan parks above the beach. It involves a cruelly steep carry down long steps and a (seemingly) much longer carry back up later. Camping is possible and the surroundings are pleasant. This is a famous fishing spot, and there is friendly surf on the beach for playing in. It may be closed in wintertime.
T227-072 Sheet 77
The steps at the small quay on the ENE side are probably the best landing. There is a narrow channel behind the quay but it surges. There are steps on the WNW side, should sea conditions allow. There are possible exposed landings at the S, and some shelving slabs on the N side, either of which might work.
The island has an impressive list of recorded bird species, largely
documented by R. M. Barrington (1900). Successive light keepers assembled the
records from detailed recording in the 1800s. The island is a magnet for
migrant birds due to its strategic position as the main entry and exit point
Tides and Trip Planning
The trip planning requires thought. The tides run at over 3 knots in the main channel on springs (see details later). A straight out-and-back ferry glide may be impractical. A slingshot approach is recommended, (setting off upstream of the rock so that the tidal stream carries you onto it). There is no suitable launching place to the SW. Anyway, the tide sets over a dangerous shallow area halfway out on that side. This area is called The Bailies (T177-060), a long, thin, N/S strip, which should be avoided.
The option of coming from the N avoids The Bailies, and means catching the
last of the S going stream. The S going stream starts at Dublin HW -0230 and
ends at Dublin HW +0430, so aim to be on the rock at the latter time. Launch 90
minutes before from the beach at T140-123 at the back (i.e. SE) of
(a) Local paddlers report that the tide running past Greenore Point (as the tired paddler returns to land from the sea) can be the strongest encountered in the area. There is a report of a party seeing a lobster pot in this area, in mist, 1 or 2km out. Having decided to check the direction and speed of the current, they could not make it upstream to the pot! Consider that any slippage here shovels the paddler into the busiest part of the main shipping channel, and the need for care cannot be exaggerated.
(b) It is important to note that the shipping channel to
The lighthouse was constructed in 1815 with 11 men losing their lives during construction. 10 were drowned when an October storm swept them away, leaving a further 14 hanging onto the rock for 3 days, one of whom died of his injuries later. It was also a dangerous place to be during World War 2, a light-keeper lost his life and a second was injured when a drifting mine exploded against the rock.
Mainland launching is from the convenient, sheltered, pebbly beach immediately behind the W pier at Kilmore Quay. The beach is tucked in between the pier and Crossfarnoge (or Forlorn) Point at S965-032. Parking is generously available.
Parking is more limited at or near the harbour itself. Launching is possible off the slipway, but there is a per boat charge, rigorously policed. The beach on the E side of the harbour extends out a long way at LW, so is inadvisable.
The main local trouble spot is an underwater bridge, very shallow, called Saint Patrick’s Bridge. It starts 500m E of Kilmore Quay pier, and reaches out, in a crescent shape, all the way to Little Saltee. It is particularly troublesome on the E going tide. Boats not travelling fast enough, or not laying off enough, will be pulled down onto the bridge, where rough and accelerated water is hard to escape. This happens almost immediately after leaving the harbour. If caught, it is best to ferry glide in behind Little Saltee. 3.5 knots is achieved in springs.
Saltee Sound, between the two islands, is another trouble spot.
Trip planning requires care for the strong tidal streams, the timings of which do tend to catch out the unwary.
Tidal streams change about three to five hours behind local HW and LW. Local kayakers strongly disagree on the timings, giving times varying by up to 2 hours. It may well be that timings vary considerably with wind conditions, and whether there are springs or neaps occurring. One thing all local kayakers agree on is that on leaving the harbour area, you always look at one of the many lobster pot buoys to check that you have your calculations right.
Local HW is about the same as Cobh (actually
Local paddlers say this cycle begins an hour or even two ahead of that. If so, the E making flood tide begins at Cobh HW -0230 or so. They say that slacks occur when the tide is halfway up or down the harbour wall. If it is halfway up and rising, the E making flood is about to start. If it is half way down and falling, the W making ebb is imminent.
Avoid the crossing on the strongest of the E making tide, especially if
there are any slow-boats in the party, for fear of Saint Patrick’s Bridge.
Avoid also the strongest of the W making tide to avoid the run off over
X966-996 Sheet 77
This island is less frequented than its better-known and more interesting neighbour. Historically, 3 people or so lived on Little Saltee until the mid-19th Century, when rumour insists it was connected to the mainland. Little Saltee was farmed until World War 2. The farm speciality was early-season new potatoes, but corn and other vegetables were also grown. 12 people were needed at harvest time. A thresher was brought over, in parts, in small boats. The island was abandoned and overgrown until recently.
Since 1999, the owners now farm pedigree cows, sheep, and fallow deer. Soon there may be rare Soay sheep, from the Scottish island of same name, just S of Skye.
The main house and some of its outbuildings have been made habitable. The courtyard has been tidied. There is a fine ruin of a two-storey barn and interesting remains of corn stands in the yard immediately W of the main building. There are the remains of an old well within the courtyard but it did not hold water in April 2003 and appeared long disused.
A flagpole above the main landing on the NW side at X966-996 presumably indicates when the family is in residence. Landing is possible among boulders below the house, normally reasonably sheltered by offshore boulders and rocks. One may also land elsewhere less dependably. Try the SW side on any of three storm beaches facing the Great Saltee. These are very much easier on lower tide levels.
The most suitable level ground for camping is in the area just W of the main house. Bracken and bluebells dominate the island and there are few grassy areas along the flatter western side. The vegetation is broken, lumpy and heavily grazed. The most pleasant areas are on the southern edge overlooking the storm beaches and the sound to Great Saltee. Do ask permission if the owners are in residence.
X952-974 Sheet 77
This is a beautiful island. Grazed and easily walked or camped on, this island is lovely and deservedly popular with Irish paddlers.
The island is a famed bird-watching spot, and is often inhabited by birding visitors in season, mainly spring and autumn. Once inhabited by 20 people, the island became uninhabited relatively early by Irish island standards. There are monuments and references to Prince Michael of Saltee on the island. He bought the island in 1943, crowned himself Prince in 1972, and died in 1998.
Renewed interest in the island by his extended family has resulted in some of the scrub being removed around the remains of the old rick yard and the corn stands are more clearly visible.
Land at X952-974 on the N side, E of the middle. The main landing area has recently been improved with a channel having been cleared through the boulder beach, which in June 2003 gave a welcome sandy strip even at the lower stages of the tide. There are steps above to a house in trees. This landing is sheltered in most conditions.
Camping is not permitted on Great Saltee when inhabited by the owners.
Predictably, members of the family are almost certainly in residence in August, long weekends, or periods of settled good weather. The tradition of flying the Prince of Saltee flag from the flagpole above the landing when the family are in residence has been renewed. There are several new signs at the landing point regarding the terms by which people will be tolerated at all on such occasions. No camping is permitted at these times and day-trippers must vacate the island by 1630 hrs.
If camping while an island is unoccupied, it is critical to behave responsibly. Do not upset or disturb stock and keep away from private places.
Having said all that, the camping is excellent. There is water in a well at the house, but like all wells, it thrives with use and goes off otherwise. It looked very good in June 2003. There is also a bothy to the rear of the house, which saves camping, and is freely available with the usual bothy rules. Again, it is only available when the family are not about the place.
Circumnavigation gives good fun in tidal races off the appropriate points, but beware that there is much eddying. There is excellent cliff scenery, and a particularly pretty channel just E of the S tip. Sea conditions at the southern tip become fearsome in strong winds or with wind against tide.
S866-059 Sheet 77
These two islets lie in
Landing is awkwardly practical at the N tip of each island, on either side of a projecting spit. On the bigger, northern island, there is an easy beachlet in a cut at the SW, facing the smaller island. Approach from the beach at Cullenstown at S869-077, 2km to the NNE.
Stay away in spring and early summer, as nests are too numerous to avoid. The ruin on the larger island was built in 1800 for survivors of shipwrecks, but is now dilapidated. There is still a sealed box inside with what looks like electricity going into it, suggesting a phone?
X733-973 Sheet 76
Hook Head is a popular kayaking and scuba diving area based on the main town
Fethard. A very attractive area, there
is almost always sheltered sea-going hereabouts, regardless of wind
direction. The extensive sand beaches at
Duncannon and Fethard contrast with the rocky cliffs by the Head itself. The lighthouse was the first ever in
Tides locally are complicated
Local HW / LW hereabouts are the same as Cobh, though obviously this is
later up the Waterford Harbour Estuary, in fact +0100 at
The E side of the Hook has no significant tidal movement, though there seems always to be clapotis off Baginbun Head S803-030.
The main channel on the W side floods from Cobh -0425 to
+0045 and ebbs from
At Credaun Head S718-036 (the
In the estuary the ebb lasts longer (about 7 hours) and flows stronger on the E (Hook) side.
Outside, past the mouth of the estuary, the E going stream floods from
At Hook Head itself, the “Tower race” sets up on the ebb. It starts at the point and extends seaward for 2 / 3km.
There is an official legal campsite at Ocean Island Caravan & Camping S790-058, about 400m N of Fethard village. It welcomes visitors, bit is primarily family based. Campervanning is popular down by the Hook itself, and camping sauvage is possible on the E and W sides of the Head discreetly. There is also a quiet but exposed spot above the beach tucked in just W of Baginbun Head.
The best spots are at the Head itself for the sea-watching, Fethard Salt Marsh ESE of the village, and Bannow Estuary 3km NNE of the village. Most common species include Oyster Cather, Gannet, Chough, Fulmar, Kittiwake, Guillemot, Razorbill, Skylark, Great Black Backed Gull, Cormorant, Shag, Curlew and Grey Heron.
Hook Embarkation Points
S802-058 Sheet 76
A popular extensive beach 1km off the main street of Fethard, the local beach. Not sheltered from the E quadrant. Parking is on the roadside above the beach and is at a premium on hot days. Especially at LW the carry down the path and beach to the water can be gruelling. There are houses all along the roadway so do park considerately.
S807-052 Sheet 76
Sheltered by Baginbun Head, this slipway is the logical local put in point for any group of kayakers heading to sea. The parking is tight here but manageable and with care the locals will not be inconvenienced. Sheltered from all wind directions save the N.
S798-032 Sheet 76
S787-027 Sheet 76
Just W of and sheltered by Carnivan Head S789-026, this beach has an easy carry down a short slope, harder on the way back up. Surfs in S winds. The Parking above the beach is OK.
S766-016 Sheet 76
Halfway between Baginbun Head and Slade village, an obvious rest spot, parking is tolerable. One may bring single cars to the top of the sea wall to unload but it is best to park remotely. At the top of the lane. Surfs in SE winds.
X747-985 Sheet 76
This pretty village is the start or finish of surely one of
the best one hour perambulations in
The parking is easy and launching is from the slipway, but the inner harbour dries at LW.
X730-981 Sheet 76
Just N of Hook Head the parking is easy. Launch from a small gravel beach, but swell may dictate otherwise. Spectacular blowholes hereabouts at HW.
S754-010 Sheet 76
4km NNE of Hook Head on the W (estuary) side, a sandy beach, well sheltered.
S730-080 Sheet 76
This magnificent beach is over 1km long, and flat, a favourite for kite surfing and such activities. Park above the beach, or for the lazy, drive onto the beach and unload. No matter how lazy, do not leave a car here. The tide does return.
Beware also that the shipping lanes in the estuary hereabouts are tight into this side. They run strongest immediately off the headland just NW the beach, on which is perched Duncannon Fort. This means the really big boats pass very close by, and the flow is strongest just offshore. With wind over, it can fairly kick up.
S727-083 Sheet 76
Launch from the public boat slip. Parking is convenient, but please do not block access to the pier.
S716-103 Sheet 76
Not recommended. Small harbour that dries out to leave a barrier of glutinous river mud.
S705-109 Sheet 76
Launch if you must from the pier N of the ferry pier. Beware the ferry, and also the other large ships is this narrowest part of the estuary.
Kilmurrin Cove to Stradbally
X466-987 to X370-969 Sheet 82
An interesting stretch of coast that has a very varied and interesting coastline comprising groups of stacks, sea cliffs, caves, arches and storm beaches that provide much visual interest. There is much to explore, the geology is notable and the coast has a history of mining for copper in the 1800’s. Some of the ventilation shafts are visible from the sea. The islands for the most part are steep and precipitous sea stacks with landings only onto rock shelves. The challenge is to summit and many require a party with some rock climbing experience.
X428-980 Sheet 82
Land in a small cut in the NE corner. Imposing “Buachal” type steep, rocky sea stack with narrow grassy ridge to attractive summit. Best climbed from seaward side by contouring around from landing or direct from seaward side if conditions allow. Not climbed in April 2005 but may have been previously. This is one of a number of stacks in close proximity separated by narrow channels. Attractive storm beaches and cliff scenery close by.
Breeding Cormorant, Herring and Great Black Backed Gull in April 2005.
X413-975 Sheet 82
Another imposing steep rocky sea-stack amongst a network of the like. A lovely sea-arch cuts through its centre, passable by sea kayak at most stages of the tide. A landing could be forced by a determined group. Its summit awaits rock climbers of merit. Worth a detour.
X380-967 Sheet 82
Noticeably different to the other such islands along this coast, this Gull has a nearly flat-topped or at least more rounded appearance. The sides are steep but not of any serious gradient. Landing is in a small cut on the NE corner onto slippery kelp covered rocks at low water. Progress to the summit lies along an obvious fault line. Grassy on top with lots of evidence of breeding Gulls. A Cormorant colony of c.40 pairs on SW and W sides. The S / SW / W are steep and rocky. Several smaller sea stacks and rocky outliers lieing off the S side allow for playful passage through the channels. Purely a way-stop for the curious as the beaches hereabouts are much easier of landing. No water. Good panorama of the coast from the summit.
Helvick Head - Ceann Heilbhic
Helvick Head is a lovely spot, a noted holiday area. There is the ‘new’ pier at Helvick at X313-892 - Cé Heilbhic, just inside the head. This is a busy working trawler harbour. The ‘old’ pier is at Ballynagaul at X299-888- Baile na Gall, now quite silted. This is a noted small Gaelteacht area. The Clancy Brothers first made their musical name here. They emerged in the early 1960s to inject pride in English speaking Irish Ireland. The area as a whole is called Ring or An Rinn. The name probably derives from the mighty dune system guarding the inner bay called locally the Cunnigar - An Coinigéar.
Helvick is a noted rock climbing spot. The cliff is about 1.5km SW of the gap between Helvick Head and The Gainers. The crag is immediately underneath and is accessed from the noted viewpoint and car park at X307-882. The rock is an isolated pocket of purple mudstone with some sandstone. This is said to be much better than pure red sandstone. It is solid, and takes good gear. The rock nearer to the head looks good from below, but is awkward to access from above, and may not be as good, being sandstone. Enquiries to Gerry Moss firstname.lastname@example.org.
X319-893 Sheet 82
Known locally as
Landing and Embarkation
Land in or about the gap itself onto sheltered rocks.
Embark from the ‘new’ pier at Helvick at X313-892 - Cé Heilbhic where there is easy parking and launching beside the RNLI station inside the harbour. Toilets and water are available.
Round of Mine Head
Helvick is also the popular launching or landing spot at the E end of the
round of Mine Head - Mionn Árd. Launch at the W end of this trip at a
sheltered beach, either at
Tidal Overview -
Tides are generally weak between
X100-700 Sheet 81
This attractive, 37m high island is just off Knockadoon Head, which
There is a pier and slipway at X092-703 for embarkation at Knockadoon Head where there are two well-sheltered beaches. The only water hereabouts is at houses and the local Dominican summer school camp, and the nearest shops and facilities are at Ballymacoda, 5km to the W.
A low headland projects NW from mid-NW side of the island. There are beaches at either side of the base of this headland. The beach to the SW side (on a direct line between Knockadoon Pier and the tower on the island) does not exist at HW and is more exposed, but access to the interior is easier. The beach to the NE side does not exist at HW and access to the interior is scramblier. At HW, a deep-water landing may be had onto rocks on the sheltered cove E of this headland.
Local HW/LW is as
The coastline westward to the beach at Ballymakeagh at X050-688 is very
pleasant, and there are great views eastwards to
Knockadoon Head was the fastest developing rock climbing crag in
There are two contrasting islands lying just off the coast from Ballycotton
Embarkation is best from a small slipway at the village where there is a small field in which to park, and a very easy gradient yielding a short carry of 50100m maximum. This is about 1km WNW of the harbour, opposite the Garda barracks. It is reached by a laneway beside a shop at W989-643. There is water available here and also at the harbour from public taps. Ballycotton has good facilities, B&Bs, pubs and restaurants. The harbour itself is slightly further E at W999-637. Launching is difficult, but is possible from either of two slipways reached by narrow, steep alleyways. Descent to the beach is also possible behind the toilets on the main pier. In addition, there are steep, narrow steps halfway down the outside (E) of the pier which gives awkward access to a small beach. The W pier of the harbour is little more than a breakwater.
In Ballycotton Sound and between the inner island and the coast, 2 knots is achieved,. Slack water is thought by local paddlers to be much as for LW/HW Cork.
X004-637 Sheet 81
Known locally (quite logically) as the
X011-637 Sheet 81
Known locally as the
(Parts only) Bewick & Whooper Swan, Golden Plover, Bar-tailed Godwit, Common Tern.
W805-665 Sheet 87 / Sheet 81
This island is unique amongst Irish islands in having a large town,
The island has a long history of human settlement dating back to the Phoenicians, but owes much of its development to its fine natural harbour. Its naval importance and its use as a port for transatlantic liners has left the town with a long nautical association. Much of the town’s fine architecture dates from the early 1800’s.
Historic attractions include a fine cathedral, Cobh Heritage Centre and Old
Church Graveyard, where many of the victims of the
Embarkation for a circumnavigation is recommended from White Point at
W786-658 or alternatively at any of several slipways in
Tidal flows in the river gorges (W and E sides) run to 3 knots in springs but these can be utilised to advantage in the timing of one’s passage. The critical factors in a circumnavigation are (a) to pass close enough to HW where the tides meet, which is under Belvelly Bridge W791-707, and (b) to clear Rosslague Point at W800-703 just to its E before the ebb exposes the mudflats.
A trip in spring/autumn/winter is best from a natural history point of view
as both Lough Mahon to the NW and the
The western river passage is a busy shipping lane to
Camping is possible and quite pleasant from Ashgrove at W860-696 at the NE point, to East Ferry, to Morlogue Point at W852-672 at the SE point. Water is not available but the area is pleasantly wooded and there are several grassy fields that are quite remote.
The eastern river passage down to East Ferry is quite scenic and one has a
choice of two hostelries for lunch. The Morlogue Inn at W853-683 is situated on
Once around Morlogue Point at W852-672, passage is westward towards
W789-655 Sheet 87
A small island located just S of Cobh town in
The island is joined to the mainland on its southern side by a road bridge
from Paddy Blocks to
Landing is not encouraged but is possible at several slipways on the
southern side and in the
The main river channel from Cork City and the ferry port at Ringaskiddy flows through a narrow passage between Haulbowline and White Point on Great Island just NW. The tidal flow achieves 2 knots at this point. The main tidal flow splits at Haulbowline with the much lesser flow running along the southern side of the island.
W805-645 Sheet 87 / Sheet 81
This island is located very close to the centre of
The island’s history is largely military because of its strategic position
and the importance of
On the northern side facing
The Spit Bank lies off the island’s northern shore and is marked at its NE edge by the Spit Bank lighthouse at W812-658. Tidal flow on the bank is less than in the main harbour channels and may be useful to kayakers travelling up or down river against the flow.
Traditionally, landings have not been encouraged. The military had sentries posted at all points to deny access. However, this practice has been relaxed in recent years and kayakers remaining away from the main fort area have not been challenged.
Tidal Overview -
Off the coast from Fastnet to
W689-470 Sheet 87
Situated outside the bay called Oysterhaven. No obvious embarkation point. Basically, these are two rocky outcrops of islands only accessible during the most benign of weather and have "interesting" scrambling potential. They are separated by a fine creek, in width about the length of a small boat. In places the ascent requires pure rock climbing up attractive corner features. Lovely when accessible, definitely a place to tarry a while.
W640-472 Sheet 87
Herring Gull breed here. There is a suspicion that rodents do too.
Landing and Embarkation
Embark from a slip at W637-473 to the NW of the island. The trip is about 200m. Good parking. Landing is directly opposite at the W end of the island onto sand or shingle. The sound will always be sheltered but may have nice clean surf waves as the swells from one side meet the tide from the other.
Old Head of Kinsale
W625-406 Sheet 87
This mighty headland extends 7km out to sea, W of Cork Harbour. Magnificent and rocky, it ‘boasts’ a golf course over the entirety of its outer parts, denying pedestrian public access over much of its amenity. This is said to be the finest, and certainly is among the most expensive golf courses in the world, to which the very rich, mainly American break-takers, fly in especially. A major battle has been conducted in the courts and on the ground between the competing interests of entrepreneurial private property on the one hand and the Keep Ireland Open spirit on the other. It is claimed that a traditional right of way existed historically, but this is denied. Both sides seem to accept that casual strollers cannot co-exist with golfers, and no compromise is thought possible by either camp. There was a rock-climbing crag at the head itself, now disused.
The grid reference given is for a narrow neck halfway out, to the E and W of
Cliffy and gorgeous, do not readily pass by without a visit.
Put in at either the muddy beach just NW of a pier on the E side at W619-434 or at a sandy beach backed by an hotel on the W side at W610-430. Either way the shuttle is only about 2km, easily walkable.
Expect clapotis on the windward/uptide side. When the flow is at full strength, major eddies set up on the downstream side of the head. Thus, the flow is always southwards on both sides close in. These collide with the mainstream at the head, so expect a race off the tip of the head itself and a little downstream. It is reported that when winds are calm enough or from other than the southern quadrant, the mainstream race stays off the tip itself, somewhat out to sea, so that kayaks may scrape through inside. The flood is eastwards from HW Cobh -0420 to +0205 and reaches 2.5 knots in springs.
Tides are very weak inside this
W237-326 Sheet 89
This 28m high island lies in the mouth of
W230-335 Sheet 89
An 8m high, waterless, grassy rock inside
W223-315 Sheet 89
Just off the headland between Glandore Harbour and Castle Haven, and E of a beach marked Squince Harbour, this pleasant, formerly inhabited island is worthy of any camping stopover. The best landing place is halfway along the N coast, on a sheltered pebble beach under a ruined house. There is sheltered camping beside the house, but no water was found.
The island is waisted N/S at this point, and camping may also be had on the other, S side of the waist, also from a pebble beach, for that ‘oceanic feel’. Land also at any number of other pebble beaches on this much-fragmented, attractive island, which is well worth pottering around, on foot or afloat.
This island is privately owned (1997) by an owner who would prefer exclusive use of the S facing beach referred to above at W222-314 for picnics and boat, but otherwise would allow well behaved visitors to use the rest of the island in passing.
There are wild horses, burrows, Chough and Linnet on the island. Otter were seen on the W side and at the Stack of Beans on the E side.
W220-297 Sheet 89
2km out from the headland between
W217-298 Sheet 89
W178-290 Sheet 89
Located S of Castlehaven and Castletownshend and tucked in against the shore, the island is grazed to the summit. It has a tower, splendid views, and while no animals were seen, it appears to be grazed by sheep. The landing is in Flea Sound on the N side of the island.
The Stags of Toe Head
W150-246 Sheet 89
These rocks are 1.5km or so directly off Toe Head. They present one
amorphous blob from the N, but from the E or W side they present their true
character, which is three tall parallel reefs separated by creeks. The centre
creek dries at low tides, giving the better chance of a landing as there are
baylets on either side, to be chosen according to wind direction. There is no
water; this is just a very exposed waystop. Nesting auks and gulls. Note
especially the flag marker SW of the rocks, marking the ‘other end’ of the
wreck of the ‘
Tides run strongly in Stag Sound, between the Stags and Toe Head, achieving
22.5 knots in springs, when a sustained W wind will extend the flood and
weaken the ebb. Generally, the flood runs from HW Cork 0435 to +0150. Local
HW/LW are about half an hour ahead of
Lough Hyne, an inland saltwater lake, is
The lough is a pretty place, surrounded by hills covered by deciduous forests. The easiest launch, and most convenient car parking, is at a slipway on the N shore. There is camping at the pier on the W shore for the waterborne passerby.
The interest of the lough to scientists lies in its deep, tidal, salt water
in a controlled environment. Academics from universities all over
It is much loved by divers, as depths of 45m can be had with good visibility close to the shore in a sheltered environment, although any disturbance of the silty bottom soon puts an end to the visibility. The necessary authorisation/permit may be had locally.
Typically of such a formation, the outgoing stream continues long after the
tide outside has started to rise; the same happens in reverse although it is
less pronounced. HW/LW outside the lough are about half an hour ahead of
W097-284 Sheet 89
W103-276 Sheet 89
Just downstream and E of the rapids of the famous Lough Hyne, this steep wooded island is joined to the mainland to the N by a spit, which is only covered at the highest tides, and on either side of which one may land. There is no camping and a steep track leads up into the dense woods where marine scientists have a shack for their observations of the special marine world locally. There are caves in the SW of the island.
W066-243 Sheet 88
A rocky islet lying about 3km E of the southern entrance to Baltimore Harbour, there is no easy landing, but there is a sheltered (from westerlies) inlet in the NW with reported rich flora and fauna (seals).
From Sherkin and
A feature of virtually all the islands, caused by their sandstone geology, is ‘waisting’. Waists are narrow points where the islands are almost cut in two, and sometimes three, by the sea. Indeed, they may soon be. These waists are heavily relied on in the text for locational descriptions. -Beaches or landing points, and other places, are often located by reference to the waist. This waisting is not always obvious from a casual glance at the halfinch OS map, but the modern OS 1:50,000, sheet 88 does much better.
The many islands of the bay are reached from the pretty towns of
The big picture is that the flood flows E from Mizen Head through the
islands of the bay, and outside
This is particularly true of Gascanane Sound, between Sherkin and
Important and predictable exceptions occur. The flood streams N through the sound
between Long Island and
W028-257 Sheet 88
Embarkation and Landing
The pier in
Prominent, ivy-clad O’Driscoll Castle stands 300m N of the pier. Below the castle is a very steep slipway, and above the castle is the hotel. The best camping is above the slipway. It is best to ask in the hotel. There is another water tap just outside the hotel and below ‘The Jolly Roger’ pub.
The Globe Rocks, awash at LW, are just N of the pier. The sound at the NW of
the island between it and
Dock Pier is just W of the N entrance to The Sound, in a safe,
well-sheltered ENE-facing cove at W023-273. Along the whole N side of the
island, beware of the
The very sheltered
W of the entrance to
3-400m S of Cow Strand is Priest’s Bay at W012-247, which is very secluded. SW of Priest’s Bay is the nice, crescent-shaped, sheltered Trabaun Strand at W010-245.
On an anticlockwise trip around, the coast from here to the well-named
The stretch of water around
The tidal stream floods E on both the N and S sides of
Gascanane Sound is between Sherkin and
In many places, especially Gascanane Sound, the tide runs fiercely, at up to 3kn, causing dangerous eddies and overfalls, especially near the rocks in the middle of Gascanane Sound, known as Carrigmore Rocks and Gascanane Rocks. The steepto rock on the Sherkin side of the sound is Illaunbrock.
V954-218 Sheet 88
This Gaelteacht island is truly the Land’s End of SW
The island is extremely waisted, the waist being known as ‘The Waist’, with
The co-operative club serves excellent meals and drink on the harbour, and Cotter’s Bar is also located here. There is a third wee pub up at the waist. A fourth, modern pub, Danny Mike’s, has been built just S of the waist, and excellent food may be had from breakfast to dinner time.
"Dún an Óir" (Gold Fort) is the mediaeval castle on the
projecting headland just WSW of the
There is the ruin of a lighthouse on the middle summit, which was the main
landfall light for ships arriving from
The island would repay a fortnight’s visit, and the walking repays fitness.
The main landing is at the beach in the well-sheltered pier in
Should conditions allow, landing is also very sheltered in
A circumnavigation is a committing 15km and requires good conditions and
planning. Note particularly that the tidal timings vary at each end of the
island. The crux of the trip will always be off
Begin and end at North or
There is a mighty sea arch at Pointanbullig on the E side of the
The main camping is a well-appointed campsite at V954-212. For kayakers,
this is inconvenient to the
The only possible camping ‘sauvage’ may be had inconveniently, on the N side where roads are shown going down to the sea, near the little rocky island Illauneana (V970-235). Nothing is known as to availability of water.
B&B and a hostel may be had at Cotter’s Bar, just above the main pier.
There is an ‘An Oige’ youth hostel at the
At the pier in
When a new "first" (such as Yellow Bellied Sapsucker or Red Eyed Vireo, to name recent samples) gets reported on the bird grapevine, the island becomes suddenly thronged with highly motivated, intensely competitive individuals. They have all abandoned faraway families and jobs with zero notice, here to see, "tick" and "twitch" on the avian wonder that has dropped in. These people are not dangerous when approached, even when they occur in numbers. However, as they have no interest in those outside their own kind, they will mostly ignore you, so there is little point, and anyway they speak a language all their own.
Because of its extreme SW position, Cape Clear Island is directly in the path of long distance birds and cetaceans gaining and regaining the North Atlantic from all points E and S. Accordingly, Cape Clear is internationally famous for its migrants and vagrants, and virtually nowhere else in the country has as many rarities, and mega-rarities.
Most bird observation is done near the waist and on the W end of the island.
Dawn and dusk sea-watching of both birds and cetaceans is done mostly from
Blananarragaun at V947-197, which juts out at the extreme S tip of the island.
Get there by following a path along the top of the cliffs on the W side of
The area just behind the Youth Hostel is also a renowned birding spot, especially for the smaller passerines, and much ringing and counting takes place hereabouts. Good birds are seen further E on the island as well, especially on the N side, among the sheltered wooded spots.
There is excellent rock climbing on the Bill of Clear, thin, well-protected slabs, and some steeper work, with plenty of scope remaining. These are reported in the ‘New Climbs’ bulletins of the late ‘80s.
The flood tide arrives at the W end of
In the E, the SE flood and the NW ebb each start (much earlier than above) at HW Cobh +0520 and 0055.
In the W, the flood separates at the Bill of Clear (V937-204), which juts
out from the N tip of the W side. The N branch is uncomplicated. The S branch
sets up heavy confused seas as it continues to Blananarragaun, the point 1.5km
to the SE, which juts out from the southern tip. After Blananarragaun, it makes
a big eddy anticlockwise around the outer part of
On the ebb, there is a big eddy set up by Blananarragaun, clockwise
to the Bill of Clear and back along the cliffs under
In many places, especially Gascanane Sound, the tide runs fiercely, at up to 3kn, causing dangerous eddies and overfalls, especially near Carrigmore Rocks and Gascanane Rocks in the middle of Gascanane Sound.
Offshore to the mighty Fastnet, the tides run E/W.
Fastnet Rock - Carraig Aonair
V886-163 Sheet 88
Fastnet is remote. It lies about 20km from Baltimore or Schull. It is
easiest reached from
A first attempt to build the lighthouse was in cast iron, completed in 1853.
It wasn’t a success. In 1899, they began a granite replacement. This was first
This is one of the more exposed lighthouse island landings, always subject
to surge and scend. Certainly, few enough kayakers get here, because it is
remote, but far fewer still go ashore, because to do so is so difficult.
Fastnet is on a shallow shelf, always kicking up in the 200m or so around the
rock. The landing platform is at the SE corner. Consider sending half the party
ashore at a time, for safety. It is said that the steps for landing are proud
of the water at LW. This has not been absolutely verified, but if so, it would
complicate a slingshot approach to trip planning, where one would leave
In prevailing westerlies, local kayakers agree it is perhaps best to do the whole thing on the flood. This allows one to arrive in plenty of time to land, take photos, and rest before coming ‘home’ on the last of the flood. The flood runs E from HW Cobh -0420 to +0200 over most of the gap between Fastnet and Clear. However, near the rock itself, it swerves towards the S.
W031-274 Sheet 88
The island is overgrown with difficult vegetation. The main landing spot is on the E side, under the ruined house. This island was obviously once a valued asset, but has now gone to ruin.
On the E side, there is a mangrove swamp type of environment, Aghillaun
Pool. It dries out at springs, is isolated, and possesses a primitive feeling.
It might be a campsite for refuge in bad westerly weather. There is a sheltered
landing in a shallow bay on the E side of the N entrance to
W036-283 Sheet 88
A small, interesting satellite of
W024-276 Sheet 88
Off the N side of
W018-275 Sheet 88
Smaller offshoot of
Land on a small sandy beach on the E side.
W007-277 Sheet 88
This inhabited low-lying island is the biggest in central
There is a famous restaurant on the island, the waiting list for which is legendary. Noted for its food being obtained on the island, the restaurant is known as ‘Island Cottage’, phone 028 38102.
There are landing points at either side of each waist, the best being on either side of the S waist. Of these, the E side probably just wins out, as the island is generally more attractive at its E end. Generally, the W end is more rugged where landings to camp may perhaps be forced for privacy.
The W side of the S waist is a good waystop, as there is fine shelter for picnicking behind a stone wall.
There are two islets on the N side, but the sounds are narrow, and the more easterly dries at springs.
Tides run strongly around both sides of the island, flooding SE and ebbing
NW, achieving 2kn in springs off the W side, downstream of Anima Rock, halfway
V996-290 Sheet 88
A most attractive, tall, conifer-topped island. Goats and cows graze, and there are ruined stone farmhouses. The island is interesting, varied, and attractive. There is a seaarch in the SW. Generally a lovely island.
Landing and camping
There are landing places either side of the central EW waist, on sheltered beaches, (sandy W and pebbly E). There are idyllic campsites just above both. There is a small, remote pebble beach on the SW with good camping. No water found, anywhere.
Tides flood generally E and S around the island, the ebb reversing the process.
V985-287 Sheet 88
This EW lying island, NW of Hare, is also waisted EW. Coming from the NW (Schull) direction, there is a prominent wall, a slab, and some deep cuts, seen along the N side. The W end of the waist is not at all obvious, but is to be found at about the position of the wall. Here a sheltered pebble beach leads onto a rough longgrass campsite.
A landing may be had also at the slab, in a deep cut, typical of this island.
On the E side of the waist, opposite Skeam East, is another sheltered pebble beach, below refurbished, stone holiday houses. Here water perhaps may be had in summer.
The island is ungrazed and so is unattractive to most passing campers.
Tides flood generally E and S around the island, the ebb reversing the process. There is the ruin of a church.
Calf Island (East)
V970-269 Sheet 88
There is a holiday house by the deep cut into the S side. Residents may therefore appear, but unlikely perhaps. Behind the cut is a brackish lake, where grazing cows congregate. Camp at the cut.
Camp elsewhere, particularly on the E side where there are many attractive little beaches backed by dunes. The most attractive of these is in the N. There is also a splendid, similar campsite on the W end of the N side.
Lesser Black-backed Gull.
V954-258 Sheet 88
Calf Island (West)
V949-256 Sheet 88
The W island is overgrown. It has no real beach, and perhaps there is a connection with Calf Island Middle. There are abandoned houses in the middle. Landing is in the sheltered part of the sound. Local paddlers prefer this of the three Calf islands for single overnight trips.
V954-280 Sheet 88
A scattered group of little islands. Only the largest, westerly island has
easy, all-weather landing, onto stony beaches in cuts on the E side. These
should be chosen according to tide height. These islands make a pretty group.
They also make a strategically placed waystop for any tour of
Both Common and Grey Seal are present. Lesser Black-backed Gull.
V976-303 Sheet 88
This EW lying island, just E of Castle Island, is waisted N/S near its W end. A landing may be had N (by a pier) or S (on a beach) of the waist. The island is not grazed by domestic animals of any description. Accordingly, the grass is universally long and unsuitable for camping. Experimental forestation is being conducted, with both deciduous and coniferous trees, even on the highest ground. There are magnificent refurbished stonebuilt houses, one very substantial. They have generated electricity, and their own water supply.
V959-297 Sheet 88
A most attractive island, reached easily from Schull. Sheep graze so the camping and walking is easy. The island is very attractive to explore, being formerly sparsely populated. The boreens are nicely laid out, and the views are excellent. Good value all round. Chough nest, and Peregrine hunt.
The E going flood tide commences at HW Cobh -0605 and the W ebb at HW Cobh +0005, reaching 1.5 kn in Castle Island Channel (on the N side).
Landing and Camping
The obvious landing point is at the beach at the pier under the castle at V959-297. In settled weather, more private and attractive camping may be had at a landing place on the S side of the waist on a beach at V959-296. Best camping of all perhaps, sheltered and with short grass, is by a group of abandoned houses at the extreme NE tip at V965-300. Here a landing may be had either side of a pebble spit. This site may be best for a stay of any duration, being remote from the normal access at the pier. No water found – anywhere, but a plentiful supply has been reported.
V920-285 Sheet 88
Landing and camping
The main landing to this inhabited island is midway along its N (sheltered, landward) side opposite the mainland, on a beach inside the pier.
The main habitation is in this area. There is more habitation further W. Further W again, the island is waisted N/S. On both sides of the waist, there are beaches and attractive camping sites. That on the S is less obvious as it is in a hidden and sheltered cove. Just further W of the waist, on the sheltered N side, is the wildest camping site. It is in a cove near the western tip of the island. Water is in the houses, and may be elsewhere.
The island is best known for its lighthouse (white tower) at its eastern
end, with landing steps, marking the entrance to
A significant interest on this island is how they get livestock to and from the mainland. They tow them. One boat tows another, and the towed boat has the cow attached to its stern, held fast. In more leisurely days, the cows swam the channel.
V908-288 Sheet 88
On the E side of the mouth of
V888-269 Sheet 88
V893-274 Sheet 88
V845-357 Sheet 88
The largest of the group of islands nestling in against the S shore of the bay, about halfway down. This island is the only one of the group with a dwelling. It was privately owned by an Englishman in 2001, who reputedly used it for a fortnight or so in August each year. The house is beautiful, built to a very high specification, in local stone and aged pitch pine. It has its own generator, deep well, and septic tank. The island suffers for being ungrazed and is thus given over universally to long grass, gorse, and heather.
Land at a beach below the house midway on the E side. Here a pontoon has been thoughtfully provided. No water is available to casual passers-by. Camping is not easy because of long grass. Respect the privacy of the owner at all times.
V852-359 Sheet 88
The remotest and smallest of the group, to the ENE of Carbery, an ungrazed lump of remote grass and rock. Known locally for its seal population, there is also a strong roosting colony of Sandwich Tern. No water. No camping. Land at a sandy beachlet at the E end of a cut, which almost severs the island from an area of rock to its N.
V853-354 Sheet 88
An inappropriately named island in the middle of the group, this pleasant grassy island benefits enormously from the grazing of just a couple of cows. Almost as large as Carbery, one may camp almost anywhere. Land at the NE tip onto shingle and boulder. Cows need water so water there must be, but none has been found, yet. Many seals off the NE.
V856-352 Sheet 88
A small member of the group closest to the mainland on the Mizen side, it boasts a large Sally tree (Salix Caprea), most unexpectedly, in the NE corner. Land just below the tree onto a gravel spit that, at LW, separates the island from an off-lying rock. Alternatively, land at the head of a deep inlet at the same point. Ungrazed. No water. No camping.
A pleasant, sheltered spot for an excursion on a short or windy day. It is interesting to dodge in and out among the smaller rocks and islands of the bay, trying not to disturb seals and other wildlife, admiring the posh houses and boats, goats, and generally luxuriant landscape. Some of the islets are individually mentioned. Note the warnings on visiting Garinish. Do not disturb the seals. Local boats bring tourists to view the seals so any messing about is less than appreciated. The local boats can phut-phut up to within a few feet of the seals and be ignored. Familiarity breeds contempt. Kayaks, being unfamiliar, are held in high esteem by the seals, who panic on sight. Otter are reported, and terns. Camping is neither appropriate nor welcomed, nor was it found.
Probably easiest from a sheltered pier and slip about 1km S of Glengarriff where the Castletown Bearhaven road meets the sea at a spot called locally ‘Ellen’s Rock’ at V925-552. Smaller ferries than those from Glengarriff ply from here, and the landing spot on Garinish can be seen 1km to the E.
V934-550 Sheet 85
The island is State owned and much visited for its Italian gardens. The
gardens are open in summer from about 11.00 to 5.30. There is a
To avoid serious upset, land only at the official landing point, midway on the N side, in a shallow cove. There is a stony beach at LW, and otherwise a slip. There is also a pier, a cafe, and a turnstile through which pay to enter. There is a boathouse in a cut in the NE side and a slip nearby at V936-550, servicing the restricted (private residence) part of the island. There are shingle beaches either side of the Yellow Rocks off the S side.
V937-560 Sheet 85
Rhododendron and fern saturated, a small, humpy island, ESE of Glengarriff town. Land either side of prominent waist. The island has nothing to recommend it to kayakers though it is a significant navigational marker for visiting yachts.
Murphy’s Island -
V943-557 Sheet 85
Fern and Scots Pine covered rocky lump, hard in by the NE shore, inside a prominent mussel farm. Otherwise inconspicuous up against the shore. Of little interest other than it is owned by Maureen O’Hara. Land by the S tip onto rocks.
V940-551 Sheet 85
Prominent if small island, off the NE side of Garinish, fern and pine
covered. It is best not to land at the cut halfway along NW side, as seals
inhabit the island. Even more are on its sister rock,
V898-503 Sheet 85
Privately owned, small, attractive and well wooded island, lying 200 m off the coast, midway between Glengarriff and Adrigole. It has two formal landings in the SW and NW corners. Both have small pier and steps, but there is also a small stony beach just S of the NW pier, for which kayaks will make. The SW landing is closer to the mainland and would appear to be the more frequently used. The island has a holiday home on its E side which is well screened from view by well planned and maintained gardens and groves of pines. The island has been tastefully planned and laid out with walkways, shrubs, trees and heathers. There is even an irrigation system, fed by gravity tanks centred on the highest part of the island. It appears that the system is linked into the mainland mains-water scheme. Notices are placed at both landings that landing should only be made with permission, so ask locally.
The island and the small quay on the adjacent mainland at
V896-504 give good shelter for those on passage, or a useful lunch
spot for touring inner
V900-498 Sheet 85
Small rocky island just S of Garinish West . Grass and a stand of Tree
Mallow dominate the vegetation. Its summit has an interesting old stone
built navigation mark, one of several on prominent points to be seen on
the approaches to
V686-446 Sheet 84
17.2 sq.km. Bear Haven, a natural harbour of naval importance for centuries,
separates this massive island from the mainland. The permanent population is
about 200. The distinctly mountainous W end of the island, opposite Castletown
Bearhaven, is the most convenient to reach. There are many ‘Private’ signs
about the W end, but the
The many guns and fortifications on the island were mostly built as recently
as 1910, and some held IRA prisoners during the War of Independence. There are
Two ferries ply between the mainland and the island. The western ferry is from downtown Castletown Bearhaven. The eastern ferry is from Beal Lough at V717-463, 3km E of the town.
Embarkation and Landing
The harbour of the major fishing town of
Bear Haven is a natural harbour/sound varying from narrow and mountainous at its western entrance, to low and shallow at its eastern end. Tides flow in and out at both ends simultaneously, meeting in the middle. The stronger tides flow through the W entrance, at 2kn, and turbulence may be expected. Tides are not strong otherwise in the sound. At the eastern entrance, they reach 0.5kn. Tides enter and leave much as with local HW/LW, to and from about HW Cobh -0045.
There are many interesting spots in the 21km around the island, some of which are listed here, clockwise from the W end.
V674-433 Just inside the narrowest point of the western entrance to Bear Haven, it is reachable by backpacking or paddling. The landing is onto sheltered steps, easily identified inside a large yellow buoy and below a zigzag track. A seriously idyllic camping spot, midge free. Shore fishing. Water nearby.
V677-440 Gun forts (private) at Fort Point, and also just S at V677-435.
V696-447 There are a number of choices for more private camping away from ferries, but for those constrained to use the inside channel, perhaps the nicest would be about 1km E of the western ferry arrival point. Keep away from either ferry as the water is churned up and the swimming unattractive.
V741-443 There is a handy stony
beach at a slip just inside
V748-447 E of the eastern ferry is low lying, but there is a super campsite in the shallow bay near two houses, and also elsewhere E of there towards Lonehort Point.
V755-443 Lonehort Harbour lies SW of Lonehort Point. Though storm beaches separate the two, the harbour is the more dependable resting point on a circumnavigation. A bump may be expected at several points along the outside, including Leahern’s Point.
V755-435 Leahern’s Point, sheltering Lonehort harbour.
V739-434 Storm beach at
Coosavaud (means ‘
V721-427 Splendid little cove with a very narrow, S facing entrance, just NE of prominent Greenane Rock, gives great respite. It is better than the nearby and more obvious SW facing cove below houses at V724-428.
V672-423 There is no respite from the above cove until the lighthouse at Ardnakinna Point, but watch for the waterfall at about V712-424, and there are others.
V671-424 Illaundoonagaul, almost an island, has sea arches of the finest variety, which, being inside the entrance, are very inspectable.
V688-457 Sheet 84
In Bear Haven, sheltering the town, this island is now connected to the mainland by a bridge, and consists entirely of an industrial park, mainly of the heavy marine variety. It is worth the walk around to see the big boats and big machinery. Land anywhere except in the NW sector (facing Castletown Bearhaven) where the main quay is. Sea kayakers might want to camp by the boathouse in the NE corner so as to walk into town, but otherwise of zero interest to small boats.
V695-457 Sheet 84
In Bear Haven, 1km E of Dinish. Small, rough, unmeritorious, flat little island with coniferous plantation hiding old ruins. Land most anywhere that is sheltered.
V506-414 Sheet 84
Huge but sparsely populated island (permanent population of 9) of Great
Blasket proportions. It is connected to the mainland by cable car (the only
In calm conditions, launching is practical (if a bit awkward) at Dursey Sound, from the pier at V507-418. Certainly, no exploration of the outer parts of the island or the off-lying rocks would be sensible if conditions made launching impossible here. More dependably, there is a magnificent, sheltered strand at the pier and slip at White Strand Quay, in the extreme SW of Allihies Bay, at V523-428.
Landing and Camping
The pier and steep slip at V506-414 are well sheltered, just outside the S entrance to the sound. No water was found nearby but there must be. Camping is possible just SW of the slipway towards an old churchyard. There is no easy landing other than at the slipway. Rock pools just S of the slipway, which form and un-form with the tide, may provide a landing.
O’Sullivan Bere ruled here until 1601. When gaelic
The 14km circumnavigation is a challenging experience, and races may be expected off the twin outermost points, and elsewhere as tides and wind dictate. Tides flow up to 4kn in Dursey Sound and constantly boil, especially over a rock in mid-channel, under the cable-car wires. There is usually clapotis at the NE corner of the sound, which kayakers have found to extend 1.5km to Garinish Point to the NE. Beware flukey winds at the N entrance. The flood eddies on both sides of the southern entrance.
Off the outer tip of Dursey lie the Calf, the Heifer, the Cow and the Bull,
mighty, remote and challenging rocks. Until recently, no kayaks had landed. Off
these, the main tidal streams around
Tides flood E along both sides of Dursey Island and S through Dursey Sound, from HW Cobh -0500 to +0130. On the flood though, there is extensive eddying in the bay between the S entrance to Dursey Sound and Crow Head to the S.
V504-410 Sheet 84
A small, sheep-grazed island just SSW of the slipway on Dursey, attached to Dursey except at higher waters and deeply cut from the E, W and S. Despite casual appearances, there are no easy landings possible at any stage of the tide.
The Bull Rock
V406-402 Sheet 84
The Bull lies 4km WNW of Dursey Head, the headland at the outer tip of
A huge tunnel running E/W splits the Bull. The sides of the tunnel are even and smooth as glass. Navigation of the tunnel is undemanding, and in fact, a landing may be forced on the S side of the W entrance, though it leads nowhere.
The Bull boasts wonderful scenery all round, and is a significant breeding Gannetry.
Landing is difficult. There is the standard platform with steps on the S side, at the foot of prominent steps leading vertically up to the lighthouse. However, at LW, the bottom step is a bit high, and rock ledges on either side are subject to much movement of surge and scend. Worst of all though, the spot is vulnerable to a strong sideways current, being entirely exposed. Any mistake will be severely punished. The SE corner of the rock is but a few seconds away, after which a swimmer will be in a full-blooded tide race.
There is a severe looking landing spot on the S side of the E entrance to the tunnel, just tucked inside the SE corner. This is a gloomy spot, and there is nowhere easy to park a boat once off the water. It seems even more subject to water movement. A vertical band of iron rungs up the sheer wall looks very off-putting, but in fact, there are steps too. Access to the top is possible from here, if conditions on the day demand this landing be used.
Tides flow strongly past Dursey Head. On the ebb, a distinct line of smooth/rough water stretches unbroken all the way to the Calf, with the run off extending well out towards the Cow. Lea Rock lies just a cable or so off Dursey Head, and considerable turbulence may be expected here, so keep away, between the Rock and the Head. The ebb seems to run from the Head towards the Cow, or a bit N. The flood is the reverse. The flows are very strong off the corners of the outer islands.
Tides flood E along both sides of Dursey Island and S through Dursey Sound, from HW Cobh -0500 to +0130. On the flood though, there is extensive eddying in the bay between the S entrance to Dursey Sound and Crow Head to the S. The flood and ebb at Dursey Head and outside start a little later.
Launch from Dursey Sound or White Strand Quay, as described previously in
V425-397 Sheet 84
Halfway between Dursey Head and the Bull lies the Cow at V425-397. Landing by kayak on the Cow seems impossible for all practical purposes and has never been achieved that is known. The Cow is an inhospitable place. Sheer walls surround it. A mighty sea arch lies off its SE side, and the passage out is challenging. Along the S side of the island lies a thin, offshore rock called Gull Rock, which provides shelter for a rest on passage. Lesser Black-backed Gull.
V442-377 Sheet 84
The Calf, 21m high, lies 1.5km SW of Dursey Head, with its off-lying rock, the Heifer, about half its size and height. There is a red iron pillar on the Calf, the stub of a lighthouse destroyed in 1881. Nothing is known of its landability.
A truly beautiful place. Stony mountains of remote and rugged appearance back the bay. The village has little more than basic facilities. The main strand and pier at V573-443 below the town is backed by grass, and has a paying campsite. There is a magnificent, sheltered strand at the pier and slip at White Strand Quay in the extreme SW of the bay, at V523-428, where campervans are discouraged.
V524-429 Sheet 84
Small grassy sheep-grazed island immediately opposite the popular quay at
White Strand Quay in
V523-432 Sheet 84
Almost split in two at HW, this island is separated from the mainland except at LW and lies just NW of Long Island, which together form absolute shelter for White Strand Quay. Grazed by sheep. Cliffy on its N side. Possible rock climbing here and on the mainland on Garinish Point at V520-430 to the W.
Coulagh (Eyeries) Bay
A beautiful bay of superb scenery that is all the better for being somewhat off the tourism track. Sheltered from all but strong NW winds. There are only basics available in Eyeries village. There is a choice of embarkation points but perhaps the most central and convenient might be the pier below the village. Launch at its sheltered storm beach at V642-514. The pier is 1km NW of the village.
V646-528 Sheet 84
Small, ungrazed island, hard in against the N shore of the bay. Many seals. Interestingly, it seems to be a maritime horticultural experimental area. There are many different types of young trees planted. Land on the E side. Nice.
V635-519 Sheet 84
Small, flat, sheep-grazed island with spots of sand on the SE side for landing. Camping maybe, water no. Unattractive.
V600-527 Sheet 84
Splendid big lump of a formerly inhabited island, with a fish farm off its SE side. The whole island is attractive to visit, with a distinct ridge, sheep, and abandoned houses and fields. No water was found, though there must have been at one time. The population was once 24. There are many nice cliffs and arches on the N side.
Landing and Camping
The main landing for boats is not so convenient for kayaks, as it is a deep-water landing. It is in a cove inside the fish farm on the SE side, at V609-529. Better altogether for kayaks is onto a choice of storm beaches, the best of which is at V600-527, in a WSW facing cut on the N side, looking onto Bridaun. There is splendid camping 100m from the beach. Good fishing hereabouts also. Landing is possible at various tide levels on the ENE facing side of the waist at V602-526. This is however less convenient, as large blocks make life awkward, though not at HW.
Another recommended spot for landing is near the E end of the N side in a NW facing cut, onto a storm beach at V607-531, where excellent camping is available after a small scramble.
V595-524 Sheet 84
Bridaun is the outer and larger of two islets off the W tip of Inishfarnard. Between Bridaun and Inishfarnard lies Bridaun Beg, which is separated from both by narrow cuts on each side. Grass covered but ungrazed. Bridaun and Bridaun Beg are of interest for their rock scenery, narrow channels and slots.
Kenmare to the
V693-638 Sheet 84
For this cluster of islands, launch from a slip at the mouth of the
V690-636 Sheet 84
Wooded, coniferous, rhododendrons, mussels, uninhabited, wild, impassable either side at LW.
V693633 Sheet 84
Lovely wooded, coniferous island with rhododendrons, huge ferns, seals and mussels. It is inhabited, somewhat tamed, and private. The channel to the N is impassable at LW. Many boats anchor in its quiet NE harbour. There are paths winding all over the island, ending at lovely little seating spots, where perhaps to sit and read? The only remote place to land is at an E-facing stone beach on the SE side, midway along the island.
V685-623 Sheet 84
Grass-covered rock, but nice. Deep-water landing onto rocks in a vaguely defined cove towards the W end of the N side. There is an oceanic feel to the island, more than with any of the others in the group. There is a miniature rock climber’s cliff on the S side.
Inishkeelaghbeg at V687-624 is really just a grass-covered rock off its N side.
V662-622 Sheet 84
About 500m off the shore. Land onto boulders in the NE-facing cove on the N side. Long grass and even longer ferns mar this once-grazed island. Camping just about possible, but no -water. Panoramic. The most westerly of the group. Nice enough.
Carrigavunig at V676-625 is a useful waymark en route to the island. Just a rock.
V690-616 Sheet 84
This is the largest of all this group, and specifically is the largest of the group of the three outermost islands, Sherky, Illaunanadan and Inishkeragh. Some decrepit houses are being overrun by sheep. No roads. Land at the NE under a prominent house inside the remains of a pier, which was clearly built by Ozymandias, and not by Nimmo.
"I am Ozymandias, king of kings.
Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair."
Percy Bysshe Shelley
(Nimmo was the great West of Ireland pier-builder and engineer of the 19th Century. Unlike those of Ozymandias, his works are a lasting testimony of what is achievable.)
There are also storm beaches midway along the NE side and at the NE end of the SE side. Unattractive.
V694-619 Sheet 84
Middle and least attractive of the three outer islands. Land on NE side. There are places for small tents.
V696-623 Sheet 84
Most attractive of the three outer islands. Storm beaches, almost joined up, run most of the SE side. There are multiple single tent places. A group could camp on the W side very nicely, which would mean a 100m walk.
V700-637 Sheet 84
Illaunslea dominates the view immediately to the SE of the slipway. A wooded, coniferous, inhabited, somewhat tamed and private island with rhododendrons and seals. Of no apparent interest to the passer-by.
Lamb’s Head Group
V525-566 Sheet 84
This group of islands on the SW tip of the
The central islands include the biggest and remotest of the whole area, and perhaps may be most easily reached from a working harbour at the end of the road to Lamb’s Head. For campers, this spot is the business - panoramic, sheltered, calm water for swimming, fishing, and a noted rock climbing spot.
Islets off Castle Cove
This group of islets off the E side of
V609-594 Sheet 83 / Sheet 84
This is the largest of the group. Land at a small beachlet at the NE corner, closest to the mainland. Long grass and gorse. No water. No camping. Few redeeming features. To the E is Illaunakeesha at V611-594, to the SE is Daniels Island V611-592 and to the SW, Illaunnanoon at V606-593, all requiring deep-water landings. Most of the fragmented Cammarna group of islets at V605-596, near the launching place at White Strand, may be accessed on foot at most stages of the tide. Paradoxically, these are the nicest of the lot hereabouts, for a few hours quiet sunbathing, if nothing else.
No water, no camping.
V620-599 Sheet 83 / Sheet 84
Almost a double island, being more or less cut in the middle. The cut provides a shingle beach on its landward-facing, N side. Long grass and gorse, ungrazed, uninhabited. Very close in by the Iveragh shore, the channel is very narrow and seals and mullet play tag in the shallow lagoon. Its merit is in its privacy so close to so much.
No water, no camping.
V550-571 Sheet 84
An unexpected wee jewel of a grass and heather covered, ungrazed hump. It is
separated from Lamb’s Head to its N by a 50m wide sound, and then by
The rock architecture along the S side will, some day, provide magnificent rock climbing. This will be of high calibre on good red sandstone, ‘clean as a whistle’, and of all grades. The hardest and best route would be under the summit itself at 27m. This is the best ‘secret crag’ this writer has seen in many years.
Launch from Rath Strand to its N at V549-578, or more dependably from the
V533-561 Sheet 84
This very steep, conical islet is detached from Lamb’s Head to its N by a 50m wide sound. A deep-water landing is possible on the E side of the sound. Here it is just possible, with great care, to scramble to the summit. Perhaps only a frustrated ex-climber would bother. There are lovely views from the top.
V514-561 Sheet 84
Grass-covered lump of rock, almost cut in half at a midway waist. On the NW-facing side of the waist is a deep sheltered pool, where a deep-water landing is possible. Beware - the entrance to the pool is narrow and beset by turbulence during big sets. Get your timing right entering and leaving. No water, and no camping. Marvel at the raised storm beach in the middle.
V500-563 Sheet 84
Grass covered lump of rock. Sheep were reportedly landed on the eastern side of the NE point, at a ramp inside an almost broken away rock. All of this is uninviting to kayakers. Much commitment would be required. Kayakers might prefer a deep-water landing in the cove on the W side. No water and no camping.
V469-561 Sheet 84
Lovely 144m high island, well out to sea. There is a fish farm in the bay on the NE side. 17 Chough were counted in one flock on 28th August 1995. Overall, superb.
There is an easy landing in a cove in the S extremity of the
Tides run in the sound inside Deenish, reaching 1kn in springs. The flood reunites off the N tip of Deenish causing turbulence locally. They run N with the flood and S with the ebb, to and from HW Cobh -0100.
Good camping abounds. Water was found in a good well up behind the house.
V454-560 Sheet 84
This is a huge, 252m high, exposed, mountainous lump of a truly offshore island; it was once inhabited by monks. There is an old oratory, very high up, roughly in the middle. There are the remains of a more recent inhabitation lower down, all on the SE side. Local lore says that the children of the settlement got measles and died, ending the human colonisation of the island.
The undergrowth is mostly quite long, and despite there being no obvious
grazing, gorse has not conquered all.
There is the appearance of a path down along sloping ground to a cove midway along the S side of the island, called Lamb’s Cove. There is a wall down to the head of the cove. This may perhaps have been to facilitate fishing. The Farbregagh (literally - imitation man) at the N tip is a huge sea arch.
Access is by a relatively sheltered, deep-water landing in a small cove in the NE corner, called Coosaneeve. Here, the monks cut a stairs of splendid steps in the solid rock (as monks did). These are wondrous to behold. They go all the way down to LW, and are hard to see until very close in, so perseverance is recommended. Local information suggests that the water in the cove is calmer on a dropping tide, but the logic for this is obscure.
Tides run more strongly in the sound between Scariff and Deenish than they do inside Deenish, reaching 1.5kn in springs. On the flood, the tides reunite off the N tip of Deenish causing turbulence locally. They run N with the flood and S with the ebb, to and from HW Cobh -0100.
V522-583 Sheet 83 / Sheet 84
No water and no camping.
V516-585 Sheet 83 / Sheet 84
V437-644 Sheet 83
A most attractive, formerly-inhabited island just E of Ballinskelligs Pier at V433-644. There are two former dwellings, the lower of which is being restored. The island is high to its SW. The W and S sides of the island are cliffy and give a bouncy circumnavigation under most circumstances. The E side has some intertidal beaches in coves. At least one of these is so obscured as to give a smuggler or piratical feeling. Sea urchins.
Landing and Camping
Land at a mud beach on N side. Behind the upper dwelling, there is a well with good water beside a wall. Camping at beach.
V373-730 Sheet 83
The embarkation place for the south-westerly islands of the group is at Portmagee. Launching is difficult enough, being over weedy flats. This is achieved from the car park at the bridge, from the pier, or further down Portmagee village. The village is a cul-de-sac, which incorporates pubs, restaurants, and a simple grocery shop. The ‘Skellig Experience Interpretive Centre’ (reputedly well worth the visit) is on the island side of the bridge.
Ferries go from Portmagee to Skellig.
V250-608 Sheet 83
Nothing that the visitor has read or been told about this island, nor even the sight of it from near or far, at dawn or dusk, will prepare one for the reality when one lands.
Monks inhabited the island from at least the 6th Century. A
monastic settlement thrived here through
Keep clear of the actual summit of the island, which requires climbing. Many have ascended and been unable to descend.
The visitor will be left incredulous at the system of roads and pathways accessing the different parts of the island. Those who conceived and built what is to be seen here wouldn’t remove their caps in the presence of those who built the pyramids.
Marvel at the pathways and walls, the stone staircases, the dwellings, the churches, the sheer drops everywhere. Some parts of the Skellig are very dangerous, and for the avoidance of doubt, there are no shops, facilities of any kind, or toilets. There is definitively no drinking water, despite some literature saying otherwise. The many wells are disused and unclean.
For the kayaker, the Skelligs are a major challenge. They are further out
from a landing than any other island dealt with in this guide. Further, there
is a serious risk that on arrival, conditions will not be suitable to land.
Therefore, the trip should only be undertaken in settled weather. Ideally,
choose dead calm conditions. In any event, do not choose wind from the
E/NE. Alternatively, those fit enough to turn round and go home again without breaking
their journey could try. The journey out is about 20km from Portmagee, or about
3 hours for an average, competent group. Therefore, the level of fitness
required across the party should not be underestimated. The Skelligs are
thought to be, from certain perspectives, the single most committing paddle in
Three launching options present themselves:
1.Portmagee is the normal departure point. The journey is a bit longer, but the put-in or take-out is always dependable. Launching is a bit awkward, being over weedy flats, but manageable.
2.A return journey in only 5 hours is possible from a small beach called Keel in Saint Finan’s Bay at V390-685. This though, is less dependable, as it surfs. It saves half an hour’s paddle, each way, not inconsiderable if the journey has to be done both ways.
3.Also in Saint Finan’s Bay, and 2km closer again, is Boat Cove at V376-686, reached from the road by a 500m track down to a pier and slipway in a small harbour, known locally as Glen Pier. Ferries go from Glen Pier to Skellig.
The problem with launching from anywhere but Portmagee is that, in anything but calm conditions, Saint Finan’s Bay is an inherently hazardous place. There are cliffs for many kilometres either side of the beach and harbour, and the beach is liable to surf. Portmagee offers a calm put-in or take-out at all times, on a main road. Saint Finan’s Bay must therefore be of interest only to those on passage, on holiday in the immediate area, or in exceptionally calm weather. The difference in the journey for those fit enough for the task does not outweigh the logistics involved in finding the right conditions. This applies to going and, particularly, coming back hours later.
Breaking the journey
There is the possibility of reducing the overall commitment level in terms
of non-stop kilometres to be travelled. At V345-679,
Between the Skelligs and the coast the tides flood N and ebb S to and from about HW Cobh 0100. They achieve a spring rate midchannel of 1.5kn. Local HW is HW Cobh 0100.
The landing is on the NE tip of the island, looking across to the Little Skellig. It is a small pier with narrow, steep steps, up which the kayak must awkwardly be carried. These steps have no handrail. Rope work and teamwork may be necessary, especially at LW. Arriving while the tour boats are present (1100 to 1700 hrs. approximately) may greatly increase these problems.
Two other landings may be possible should conditions dictate. There is a sheltered bay in the SW, where a landing may be forced under the new lighthouse at V246-604, onto a steeply shelving ramp, but which goes nowhere. There is a much better landing onto disused steps at V247-607 in a deep bay, called Blue Cove, on the NW side. It seems these steps are usable only at HW, so some planning is required. There are carved steps and a disused pathway up onto the main parts of the island. The present condition of the path is unknown. It is reported that Dúchas intend to improve this path to provide some flexibility. In any event, a waystop is fairly dependable here at HW (HW Cobh 0100).
Parties daytripping should leave the mainland early to maximise their day, but parties overnighting might leave in late afternoon. The island is under the joint control of Dúchas and the Commissioners of Irish Lights, from whom permission may be sought to overnight. Apply well in advance. Dúchas are refurbishing the Skellig environment generally, as well as excavating archaeologically.
There is nowhere for a tent, and no question of a bivouac anywhere but on the NE pier itself. The whole question of access policy with regard to the island is very fluid, and nothing should be taken for granted. Arrive well equipped and well victualled, just in case. The reaction of the authorities to your arrival may be influenced by how you, your gear, your attitude and your competence come across.
The lighthouse was commissioned in 1826 and automated in 1987. The light character is 3 white flashes every 10 seconds.
Peregrine, Chough, Storm Petrel, Leach’s Petrel.
In the darkest hours of night, the Kittiwake finally go quiet in time for the Manx Shearwater to set up their incomparable cacophony, their hysterical shrieking, their blood curdling
The birds come ashore only for a couple of hours each night during the breeding season. They even spend their winter out in midocean. They call (to use the most neutral term possible) so that their young can identify them and answer back. Where they breed, they breed in huge colonies.
To say there are Puffin on the Great Skellig is an understatement. Nowhere else may the tourist see these crazy birds in Halloween masks in such numbers. They can be seen at close quarters and are easily photographed. Much film is wasted until the visitor slowly realises how really close one may get to these wee creatures. There are also large numbers of Kittiwake and many Storm Petrel.
V270-618 Sheet 83
Very much the support act for its famous neighbour, Little Skellig nevertheless has a character all its own. It is home to seriously vast numbers of Gannet, which inhabit every nonvertical inch of its mighty whitewashed cliffs. Best wear a wide brimmed hat and don’t look up! The island has its own awe-inspiring shape that may have inspired Disney. It is possible, though difficult, and certainly pointless, to effect a landing there. Nobody is going anywhere in this vertical world. There are sea arches also, most of which go nowhere.
V309-637 Sheet 83
Truly an excellent waystop when going to or from the Skelligs, if conditions are really calm. Tides run strongly in the shallows so otherwise keep away.
V345-679 Sheet 83
A big, high, chunky island at the NW tip of Saint Finan’s Bay, about 5km S of the entrance to Portmagee Channel. The cliffs on all sides are huge, except on the E, where it is difficult to find a flat grassy bit to camp on. The island is split N/S midway along. Puffin, rabbits and sea-pink abound. This is a lovely, wild, pleasant, ‘must’ of an island.
Perhaps not unexpectedly, the remains of a beehive hut can be found on the S side of the main ramp to the higher parts of the island. Accessing this outer hump is not for the faint hearted. The cliff at the main cut is awesome, but it can be done!
Deep-water landings may be had in a number of places but nowhere better than in a sheltered, SE-facing, bouldery cove just S of the narrowest part of Puffin Sound. Tether to ropes left there by local scuba divers and fishermen for lunch stops. There is good clear water at all times in a well-filtered pool to one side, under a waterfall. An easy ramp gives access to the interior.
Peregrine, Chough, Storm Petrel.
Plenty of evidence was recently found by an overnighting party that Black Backed Gulls (100 breeding pairs minimum) knock the daylights out of the multitudinous breeding Shearwater (Manxies) and Puffin (of course).
Coastal Section -
Saint Finan’s Bay to Portmagee
V376-686 to V373-730, Sheet 83
This 9km coastal paddle can be twice that if pottering, especially if one
includes a circuit of
Embark at the pier 3km inside Puffin Sound, known locally as Glen Pier at V376-686, where there are some fishing boats and scuba-diver traffic. This has two slipways and lots of parking space, but is exposed to the W. It is also the nearest access point for a paddle to the Skelligs. Before landing, look for a long narrow inlet almost opposite the slipway, which leads to a long low arch with a few openings to the sky - though this wee adventure needs HW.
From Puffin northwards, there is only the ‘savage grandeur of the rock-bound, storm besculptured coast’. The islands - Horse, Long, Short and Black Rocks, guard the entrance to the main Portmagee Channel. Opposite them are a number of deep inlets where landings can be made onto gravel or stones. Much easier landings are to be had onto gravel beaches just inside the headland delimiting the channel proper. Approaching the Portmagee Channel, avoid the fishing boats, and in summer, the numerous Skellig ferries. Land at Portmagee at V373-730.
V347-725 Sheet 83
This much-fragmented island lies to the SE (mainland) of the western
entrance to Portmagee Channel. The highest part of the island is rocky, and this
is the only one of the group which is grazed. No water is evident. An earthen,
circular mound is apparent, showing an early Christian site, and an associated
Deep-water landings are easy. One is onto sheltered rocks facing the mainland. If there is no swell, another is possible onto a slab about one third the way down the adjoining narrow channel. This has the more difficult access to the top.
V347-727 Sheet 83
Grazed by sheep, this small grassy island lies just NE of Long Island. The
easiest landings face the mainland and
Approaching the mainland, look for an obvious cave, which dries, with a
small blowhole. After landing, note the warning signs, which restrict access to
a major blowhole. The old maps show a tunnel linking the cave to the major
blowhole, but which is no longer evident. Deaf Rocks are a string of
substantial rocks running alongside and separated from
V370-730 Sheet 83
Population 700. A large and varied island lying ENE to WSW on the
north-western tip of the
Knightstown is the only town on the island. A ferry runs from here to the mainland opposite at Reenard. Portmagee is a town on the mainland to which the island is connected by a bridge. The bridge opens to allow larger vessels through. The outer parts of the island are 9km or so of committing cliffs, by far the most dramatic of which are at the W end at Bray Head at V327-725. There is only one waystop on the outside section, about halfway along.
A circumnavigation is an obvious challenge, being logistics free, but is quite long at 25km or so. Many interesting stops might be made, and there are committing stretches on the outside.
The tide flooding NE past the island to fill
To save effort, these tides should be carefully planned. A suggestion perhaps, presuming ever-present SW winds, is to embark from Portmagee on the last of the ebb. Utilise the slack/early flood up the exposed part of the coast. Then enjoy the full-blooded flood in, to, and past Knightstown, almost home.
Bray Head has a watchtower and huge overhanging cliffs, with fragmented rocks lying off the base with channels between them. NNE from here, reflected waves and strong tides, especially at the protruding points, make for an interesting passage.
The only waystop on the outside part of the island is onto a storm beach at
V358-762, tucked inside Shrone Point in an E-facing cove. This is about halfway
between Bray Head and Reenadrolaun Point, at the lowest part of this section of
the island. It is reachable by boreen if necessary. There is good camping and
water may be had in the nearby river. If the journey is broken on Horse or
The cliffs on the E part of the outside are higher, but not as steep, and get a little shelter. Expect a bounce again at Reenadrolaun Point at V384-786, after which the going should ease considerably.
Overhead at this point is Valentia Radio, one of the main coastal radio
There is a good, sheltered beach just inside Fort Point lighthouse at V404-783, with camping in the grounds, for use in distress only. There is also a less convenient slip outside and W of the point, with better camping but a more awkward landing. Really, those looking to camp in isolation hereabouts would be better to go to nearby Beginish.
Knightstown is a pretty spot, worth visiting. All the island’s facilities are here - pubs, restaurants, dive schools, lifeboat, ferry, harbour, sailing. The channel back to Portmagee has fine views, but should be avoided at LW or with contrary tides.
V366-731 Sheet 83
Illaunloughan is a small, low-lying island, about 400m from Portmagee. One may
walk out to it from the mainland in low spring tides. This is an early church
site, and the burial place of ‘children and adult strangers’. There were ‘digs’
and some re-building by overseas research groups in 2003. The work is now
complete. There is a stone-lined,
spring-fed, holy well on the S side. A few steps lead down to it, and it has a
large stone lintel for a roof. Water quality is questionable, due to lack of
use. All the excavations are now
complete and the site as a whole restored.
The altar, the cashel, the well, the
A book has been written about the island, title at this time unknown, authors Claire Walsh and another.
V424-786 Sheet 83
Inappropriately named, (Beginish translates as ‘
Archaeological excavations have revealed early field systems. Also revealed
is a reasonably preserved semi-submerged dwelling. This has a ramp leading down
to the doorway. The ramp is now sand covered. This construction is unique for
its time and is accepted as a Viking settlement. It was probably used as a
stopping place during sea voyages between
The best camping is on the southern side of the E end. Here the island is waisted and the land is machair-like, backed by little hillocks. These have pleasant beaches both sides, sandy on the N and pebbled on the S.
V430-786 Sheet 83
Embark from the N end of a beautiful, sheltered, beach, White Strand at V435-794. Good car park at northern end.
V420-791 Sheet 83
An ungrazed, small, dull lump of an island, NE of Beginish. No water was found. No camping. Land at a spit in the SE, facing the N beach on Beginish.
Launch from White
Reenard Point to Rossbeigh
V434-776 to V645-910, Sheets 83 / 70 / 78
This trip describes the S side of
The second section has numerous stopoff places, and where steep earth and rock banks rise to the main road which parallels the shore, high overhead.
Reenard Point at V433-776 is the easiest embarkation place for car access,
being close to the main road. A summer ferry runs from here to
Rounding Doulus Head at V404-804, next along are Cooncrome (pronounced
Coosecrown) Harbour at V444-816 and
The onward trip is just as committing with the next landing about 10km away
Finish at Rossbeigh (or Rossbehy) beach and sand dunes. This is a noted family beach, in parts like a typical machair, with hotel and holiday village. There is even a small sweet shop and chip shop, open during summer. The council maintain public toilets, water, and rubbish collection. They charged €7 per tent per night in 2002. Pitch where you like, except in the football field or tennis courts. Rossbeigh can have decent surf, and the dunes have been mapped for orienteering events. This area has been and remains the meeting ground for all Irish paddlers and surfers for the Christmas/New Year break.
Baile an Daingin go Ceann Sléibhe
Q445-010 to V317-967 Sheet 70
Dingle is a major fishing and tourist town, at the head of a sheltered bay. Embark at the harbour or from a small car park at V453-997, halfway out the harbour on the E side. Paddlers and dolphin watchers have been known to camp near the old tower. There is a path into town from here along the shoreline. If you are a small group, you will have the luxury of being greeted by ‘Fungie’, the local friendly dolphin, an experience not to be missed. However, you must also work your way around the many tour boats trying to spot him.
Only the mouth of
The trip to Slea Head is 16km without landings, unless a detour is made into
If visiting Ventry, land at a pier on the south-western side, 1.5km in, at the S end of a sandy beach. In the harbour, there are some fish-farming cages and sometimes basking shark.
This group of islands, the most westerly, not only in
The islands are uninhabited. Great Blasket was abandoned in 1954. Earlier in the century, 215 people lived there. There was also a single house on Inishvickillane. The Great Blasket now only has summer homes and there is one on Inishvickillane. There is an interpretive centre for the islands on the mainland at Dún Chaoin.
There are several places from which to embark, none of which are easy.
Q314-002 Dún Chaoin Pier, from which the ferry operates, is the logical embarkation place, being sheltered. It has good parking, less than private camping, no water, but the pier is reached by a most unpleasant, steep carry. Launching is off a very steep slipway, or to one side in calm conditions. Group co-operation is often necessary.
Q312-005 There is a small bouldery beach at the end of the laneway past the interpretive centre, which may be suitable for small groups in settled conditions.
Q316-033 Clogher beach has a car park above but can surf with any swell from the W.
V313-981 Coumeenoole or Slea Head beach lies almost 1.5km N of Slea Head itself, tucked inside Dunmore Head (V302-980). It gives a shorter trip. It often surfs, yet has merit for embarkation. With N winds, or when calm, it is very much the preferred option. The carry is better than the pier at Dún Chaoin, and the parking is excellent.
Tides in the Blasket Sound - An Bealach, and elsewhere through the
islands, flood N and ebb S, twisting with the channels. An exception is the
channel between Inishnabro - Inis na Bró and Inishvickillane - Inis
Mhicileáin, in which the flow is always W. The tide races in the sounds,
including Blasket Sound, have a fierce reputation. The N-going flood starts at
about Cobh HW +0430 and the S-going ebb at 0130. Local HW and LW are about
The speed of the tidal streams in the main channels varies, but is generally 1 3kn. In the narrower channels, in springs, the stream can reach up to 4kn, except between Inishnabro and Inishvickillane, where it is always weak.
In Blasket Sound, the N-making flood rushes past Dunmore Head - An Dún
Mór, at V302-980, and eddies clockwise around
Beware of reported local magnetic anomalies.
Recommended reading must start with ‘Twenty Years A-Growing’ by Maurice O’Sullivan, translated from the Irish (Fiche Blíain ag Fás),
For a more complete list, add the following:
‘The Islandman’ (An tOileánach) by Tomás O’Criomhtháin
‘Peig’ by Peig Sayers
‘An Old Woman’s Reflections’ by Peig Sayers
‘ The Blaskets, People and Literature’ by Muiris Mac Conghail
‘Méini - The Blasket Nurse’ by Leslie Matson
‘Letters from the Great Blasket’ by Eibhlís ní Shúilleabháin
‘A Pity Youth does not Last’ by Micheál O’Guiheen
‘Island Home - The Blasket Heritage’ by George Thomson
‘Blasket Memories’ edited by Pádraig Tyers
‘Hungry for Home’ by Cole Morton
Peregrine, Chough, Storm Petrel, Leach’s Petrel, Barnacle Goose, Greenland White-fronted Goose, Common & Arctic Tern.
The ‘outer four’ Blaskets, Tearaght, Inishtooskert, Inishnabro and Inishvickillane, boast internationally important numbers of breeding Storm Petrel and Manx Shearwater.
The Spanish Armada
The long awaited Spanish Armada sailed through the
It is thought that 26 Spanish Armada ships were wrecked on the Irish coasts in 1588, from the Blaskets in the SW around to Dunluce Head in the NE. The Blaskets is a tale of good and bad fortune.
Vice Admiral Recalde knew the tiny gap between Great Blasket and the reefs /
islands to the NE. He had seen this coast before in an expedition in 1580 to
put Italian soldiers ashore in Smerwick. He went through first on 14.9.1588 in
On 21.9.1588, a big storm came up, in the middle of which appeared the Santa Maria de la Rosa from the NE. Her anchor held only as long as the tide was flooding N (the wind was from the N, and helped to hold her), but once the tide changed, the wind and tide had her, so she slipped away, and was lost with all hands in less than 2 hours.
Then yet another San Juan Bautista appeared and another small ship.
Both were considered spent, were scuttled, and their crews taken aboard the two
San Juans. All made it safely back to
A major contributory factor for the number of ships of the armada wrecked
off the Irish coast was the loss to most of them of their main anchors off
There were other factors. The ships themselves were mostly too weak for the
rigours they experienced. They just weren’t up to the
Irish peasants had never seen anything as wealthy as the miserable Spanish sailors they came across on beaches and headlands up and down the west coast. Their natural instincts guided their reactions. Typically they stripped the sailors naked and robbed them of everything. Then by all accounts, other peasants were quite hospitable to them, once they were equally miserable looking.
The English on the other hand had a game plan.
The Great Blasket - An Blascaod Mór
V280-977 Sheet 70
Landing and Camping
If camping, choose between isolation and convenience. For isolation, land on White Strand –An Trá Bán at V277-980, near the ramp and camp just above. More conveniently, land at the unsatisfactory slipway at the pier at V280-977, SE of White Strand. The slip/pier is difficult to make out until close. The pier is somewhat sheltered, but some surge is always present. Even though the landing is slightly more awkward, the carry is shorter from boat to campsite. The camping hereabouts is most convenient among the ruins of the village just above the pier. Water is from a tap high up at the south-eastern end of the village, convenient to the pier, but a longer walk from the beach.
Be aware that there is a proposal to ban all camping on the island. This was being fought by all right-thinking people. Should that battle be lost, there will undoubtedly be B&B available.
On a day trip, the An Trá Bán at V277-980 beach is easier.
There is a splendid cafe for daytime snacking. Rock climbing has been opened up on the island, with a cliff just SW of Gurraun Point at V283-977 (the most E point of the island). Splendid walking tracks run high along both sides of the ridge of the island, like a necklace, giving an excellent circuit. On circumnavigation, tides run strongly at the three corners. The lee side of the island is often subject to fierce downblasts of wind. Tides run strongly in Black Sound between Inishnabro and Great Blasket, where the wind can be funnelled and strengthened.
The narrow gap off the northern tip is subject to sudden unexpected surges or boomers as big sets pass. Through this gap go circumnavigators or venturers to the outlying islands. The passage is between a rock off the main island and a small islet at V272-985, being the innermost in a string of such rocks. In an autumn gale in 1588, one of the largest ships of the escaping Spanish Armada entered Blasket Sound and ran safety through this gap. Thus they performed one of history’s most remarkable pieces of seamanship. Two other Armada ships were wrecked locally.
Great Blasket offers mice with long legs and big mouths. Local lore puts this down to the mice arriving with the Vikings 1,100 years ago, in bales of hay, and what with the sides of the island being steep. Others like to think of Darwinian adaptability, the island being relatively inaccessible to their predators. Either way, they do weigh more and have larger hind-feet.
Inishnabro - Inis na Bró
V212-925 Sheet 70
Landing is midway on the south-eastern side, in a tiny cove. The entrance to the cove is under a tall narrow arch, into a sheltered pool, open to the sky. The landing is onto boulders, and very much subject to surge and scend, especially in SW winds. The cove runs SW/NE and is unmissable when travelling from the SW, but is hard to see going the other way. The cove is distinctly the tallest along this side, opposite Inishvickillane - Inis Mhicileáin. It is situated just E of the only shallow bay along. Here there are the remains of a stone wall overhead, just visible when close. Scramble up the gully behind. The tall arched entrance is narrow but the pool is wider.
Kayakers with laden boats have found this landing very difficult with any swell running. Inishvickillane - Inis Mhicileáin, is more reliable altogether for those in the outer regions of the Blaskets.
The island looks like it is covered with heather, but this is actually solid Sea Pink on the S side. There are magnificent cliffs on the N. The island is distinctly saddled when seen from N or S. There is a fantastic array of buttresses on the E end. The cliffs of the N side are huge and impressive.
A tide race ebbs SE at the NE corner. Tides run strongly in the sound between Inishnabro and Great Blasket, and the wind can be funnelled. The flow in the sound between Inishnabro and Inishvickillane always flows weakly westwards, being an eddy of the main flow N/S in either direction. Therefore, there is often a lump in the narrow W end of the sound where tides collide.
Inishvickillane - Inis Mhicileáin
V207-916 Sheet 70
The most southerly of the group, this is a very attractive island. On a high
plateau is a holiday home, outhouses, a deer herd, a helipad, and White Tailed
Eagle (hopefully). The island is owned by a sometimes resident, colourful, cultured,
popular yet controversial
Below the house lies a cove at the NE corner of the island. Once there was a teleferique system here for uploading material. It is no longer operational, and has been left as an unsightly mess.
The landing is on the western end of the N side, opposite Inishnabro, just inside the narrows, onto a sheltered semicircular stony beach. This is the most dependable of all outlying landings. The always W-making current in the channel is weak, so the landing is only out of bounds in the severest of relatively rare easterlies. There is a retractable pontoon-landing device at steps on the point just N of the landing beach. The now disused path up from the beach is getting overgrown since the pontoon was installed at the nearby point, but is still manageable.
The island is much talked of in ‘Twenty Years A-Growing’ as a place
inhabited by fairies. The outhouse is where O’Sullivan had his rabbits stolen
in the dead of night by passing sailors, who left a tin of tobacco in payment.
Paddlers may find ‘Mickey the Pillar’ at the western end of the S side at
V207-908, and Mickey can also be seen below the ‘Hollow of the Eagles’, the
flat stretch of the plateau to the SW. Mickey is a pillar of rock, the top of
which looks like a man sitting wearing a wide brimmed hat.
Tearaght - An Tiaracht
V177-947 Sheet 70
Tearaght is the most westerly and remote of all the Blasket islands. Up to its prominent lighthouse are steps and a funicular railway that appears as a vertical band. From any distance, this looks like an escalator up the face of the conical rock. The island appears as a single pinnacle from E and W, but from N or S it seems to be almost divided into two. A mighty tunnel pierces the col between the two parts.
There are standard landing platforms, with steps up, in the coves N and S of the arch, both on the E-facing side. There is no current flowing at either steps because the arch is shallow and non-navigable, certainly at LW. Though the swell is continuous, be prepared for a quite manageable, if very wet landing.
The western side, with the lighthouse, is 116m high and the eastern end is 200m high. The eastern side consists of jumbled blocks, which mean that a trip to the summit might be very difficult. Rock fall has damaged some of the paths and great care should be exercised exploring. There are breeding Puffin and Manx -Shearwater.
The Tearaght is among the most committing paddles in
Foze Rock - An Feo
V152-892 Sheet 70
Even more committing is the Foze Rock, 6km SSE of the Tearaght, and 5km SE
of the gap between Inishvickillane and Inishnabro. It is anecdotally accepted
that Kerry paddlers have been out there, but it is not known whether they
landed. This is probably the most committing paddle in
Beginish - Beiginis
V282-988 Sheet 70
Beginish means ‘
The landing place is onto a relatively sheltered, stony beach on the NW side, but also in shelter in bays on the NE and SE.
Significant numbers of tern - Common,
Inishtooskert - Inis Tuaisceart
Q236-002 Sheet 70
Inishtooskert means ‘
Landing is not easy, being onto a severely sloping slab, with little shelter, on the SE side. A handrail up from the top of the slab is visible when close in. There is a sheep pen on the grass above. From further out there is a large obvious dorsalfin shaped slab, and the landing is just SW of this. Landings may be forced elsewhere in the lee of the island, but beware of steep scrambles. Unloaded, borrowed, plastic boats are an advantage.
The island features a minor monastic ruin at Q234-004, marked St. Brendan’s Oratory, on the only flat section of the island in the SW. In more recent times, it was used as a domestic dwelling. There are fields around it. It is a low-lying, drystone hovel with a smoke hole on top, and a very narrow, low entrance. There is a local story of how the widow of a recently departed, corpulent husband got him out through this awkward entrance. She took him out in pieces. The island well repays the effort of landing.
Coastal Section -
Ceann Sibéal go Ceann Bhréanain
Q309-060 to Q528-173 Sheet 70
28km of stunning cliffs, broken only by the 2km width of
Cuan Árd na Caithne
Q378-102 Sheet 70
Smerwick has a 2km wide mouth with
A landing can be forced onto boulders immediately at the W end of the Sisters (about 4km NE of Sybil Point), but cliffs bar any ideas of making it a land escape route.
Q422-120 Sheet 70
Locally known as Cuas,
Walking NE to the cliff edge brings spectacular views and eventually joins a
recognised track to
Q488-157 Sheet 70
Land onto gravel, or boulder at HW, and sometimes through dumping surf, the SW corner being best. No landward escape route, as there is a very steep scramble through loose, shale gullies onto the mountainside.
Oileáin an Mhachaire
Q623-215 Sheet 71
Also known in English as the Seven Hogs - Na Seacht gCeanna, this is
a scattered group of (actually eight) small low islands. Nearby Lough Gill is
well known as the stronghold of the Natterjack Toad. They lie on the northern
side of the
In Irish, the islands are called Oileáin an Mhachaire. Machair is a
coastal feature inside an exposed sandy beach consisting of a raised dune
system that has been flattened by grazing. Grazing and wind combine to create
and maintain a flat grassy area. There are no raised dunes or the dunes are
relatively insignificant to the overall feature. Machair is much loved by
birds, (who call it a ‘roost’), by sheep (who call it a ‘meal’), by golfers
(who call it a ‘links’), and by tourists (who call it a ‘campsite’). Certainly,
its well-drained, short grass is excellent for camping. Once heavily grazed,
nowadays its features are orientated more towards leisure pursuits, caravan
parks and football pitches. Machairs are most common in the NW of Ireland
Embarkation is from Scraggane Pier at Q613-196 just inside the W point of
The sound is not deep, and can cut up rough, usually when a westerly wind or big swells are against the ebb tide. The Egoing flood tide starts at HW Galway +0505 and the Wgoing ebb starts at HW Galway 0120. It flows at 2 or 3kn in springs. The tide also sweeps strongly through and to the N of the islands.
Common, Little & Arctic Tern, Chough, Barnacle Goose, and Great Northern Diver (Loon).
Q623-215 Sheet 71
Illauntannig is the largest and most hospitable of all these islands. It boasts a summer home with outhouses, just in from the beach. It has plastic windows, double glazing, and its own private water collection system. Landing is easy at the steep, sandy beach on the E side, or elsewhere for those who like to scratch and scrape. Camping is most convenient at the landing beach, where shelter can be had behind walls. It is possible to camp almost anywhere else that a landing is made. The W side is the most exposed.
The monastic site just S of the beach has stone huts and oratories surrounded by a protective stone wall. The complex includes a well-preserved souterrain about 40m in length, leading from the central hut to beyond the outside wall.
The island is generally quite flat. Numerous Oyster Catcher and Tern (mostly
Q625-217 Sheet 71
Nice grassy islet, just NE of Illauntannig, with landing possible on the sandy S shore opposite Illauntannig. The other sides are rocky. The island is separated from Illauntannig by a bar/reef, so that there are breakers coming through the gap, particularly at LW when underwater obstructions are a real danger. No water. There is a 3-sided, 1m high sheep shelter on top.
Q619-218 Sheet 71
Illaunboe is almost joined to Illauntannig by a reef at LW. Landing is possible on the E side of this flattish island. The other sides have rocky foreshore. A stony, grassy islet, uninviting.
Q637-214 Sheet 71
A rocky knoll, 1.5km E of Illauntannig, with plenty of guano and birds. The technical difficulties would make landing ‘interesting’, even in calm weather.
Q615-201 Sheet 71
A grassy knoll with a sandy SE side where a landing is possible. Landing elsewhere is rocky. Doonagaun is passed on the way out to Illauntannig. No water.
Q605-198 Sheet 71
Just off the mainland coast, W of Scraggane Pier, this is a rocky outcrop with grass growing on top. A reef extends SW which is exposed at LW, and landing is possible on the S and SE sides. There is no water and this is not a place to go camping. There is interesting life in the exposed rock pools. Birds, grass, and rock.
Q605-221 Sheet 71
A larger member of the group, 2km WNW of Illauntannig. Landing is just possible, in calm weather, by a difficult deep-water landing, onto large boulders. This is a storm beach at a cave just on the sheltered (Efacing) side of the NE tip. There are cliffs all around the island. There is a second cave, midway along the E side, which is really a huge collapsed blowhole. Many Rock Dove nest in the arch overhead.
Q601-225 Sheet 71
Just NW off Illaunimmil, the island is surrounded by cliffs and shallow water. The swell builds all round on even the calmest days, breaking on the exposed reefs. Landing would always be very challenging.
Shannon Estuary to
Q977-486 Sheet 63
The S/SW side of the island is joined to the mainland by a small bridge and a spit of marshy, grassy land, covered only by high spring tides. Carrig also has an inhabited farm and a Napoleonic battery at Q977-486 on the NW. The population is 13.
The major attraction is the well-preserved
R250-521 Sheet 64
Foynes is the Anglicisation of Oileán Fáinghe in Irish, meaning
"circular island". It is well named, the island being very round. The
island is situated 100m off Foynes village on the main coast road
In the days of amphibious planes, Foynes was the centre of the aviation
world hereabouts. Being just about as far west in
Commercial foresters will find
The main landing is at a pontoon at the S tip called Barneen Point, opposite the public harbour in the village. This gives access to the few houses on the island and should be considered private. The entire of the rest of the shoreline is accessible at HW but a sea of mud at lower waters. The mud is fine glutinous silt, most unpleasant. Whether extending a handful of metres or one hundred, landing onto it isn't an option. Access can be conveniently achieved at only one other spot, halfway along the SW side at R245-523. Here, rocks come down to the water that are both accessible and mud free.
Otter and Greenshank.
Islands of the Fergus Estuary
The Fergus Estuary is a branch of the Shannon Estuary that juts N up towards
Ennis, the county town of Clare. It is choked with islands big and small. The
boating hereabouts is similar in some ways to
As with all such places, vast areas become extensive mudflats at lower waters, and a heedless moment on a falling tide can carry a heavy penalty. Tides run strongly through the channels, but in Springs, these equate to mere neaps in Strangford. There is no commercial fishing of any kind done, but there must be flat fish and mullet who love such conditions.
There is really no convenient embarkation point on the E side at all. There are two only on the W side.
Most central is Crovraghan Pier R278-601, a small working pier, busy during the working day. When the tide is suitable, there will be many cars left at the pier by farmers commuting to their islands. It is well sheltered by Illaunbeg 100m offshore, fast deep water filling the channel. A pleasant spot for campervanning. The slipway being steep, the amount of mud to struggle past at LW is limited. It is reached from a signposted crossroads 2km N of Killadysert on the main Ennis road.
To the S, Cahiracon Pier R248-563 may be the more convenient, depending on the excursion plan, especially for the more southerly islands, or an excursion S across the Shannon Estuary. It is reached from just S of Killadysert. Any excursion in the Fergus Estuary is best carried out around HW, and Cahiracon may be preferred for allowing a more comprehensive exploration in the one go.
HW in the estuary is as for Limerick Docks, which is
The islands are given here more or less from the SW. Nothing is known for Deenish and Feenish on the E side. Inishloe was missed because it is unapproachable except at HW, difficult to fit in with a planned excursion.
R252-561 Sheet 64
A bitter acid-boggy island, a place of reeds and rushes and Yellow Flag. There are some Hawthorn. Outside on the SE shore, oysters and mussels grow wild. Its main merit is to serve as a shelter for Cahiracon Pier inside it on the mainland, now much disused.
R279-577 Sheet 64
Smallest of the five larger islands at less than half a square kilometre, it is farmed with cattle. The summit has exposed limestone karst, Burrenesque in an untidy ragged way. Good views N from its lofty summit. Land at the SE for that mud/rock compromise common locally.
R286-581 Sheet 64
Fourth largest island hereabouts, Canon is cattle farmed. It is nearly split in two, being joined by an area of marshy reeds at its narrow waist. The interior of each sector is very wooded, and would need local knowledge to explore. There is an abandoned farmhouse by the landing spot which is at the usual mud / rock compromise at the S end of the W "beach". There is a square tower at the NE end.
R281-600 Sheet 64
Tiny pleasant place, the grass under control courtesy of a herd of goats. Flat and unpretentious, land beside the goat pen under the Elder tree at the NE
R291-600 Sheets 57/64
Third largest of the big five locally, it is more than one square kilometre of cattle farm and woodland. The slip at the landing spot midway on the NW side is quite pretty, sheltered by a stone jetty and makeshift projection.
Illaunbeg or O'Donnell's
R280-602 Sheet 57
A well husbanded hayfield 100m of fast deep water off Crovraghan Pier. Its main purpose in life is to shelter the pier. A notable Curlew roost, land easiest at the N end.
R286-607 Sheet 57
Substantial unkempt uncared for island, distinguished by a stand of Ash trees on the summit. Also Elder. Land easiest at N end. No water.
R296-630 Sheet 57
Largest of the islands locally at about two square kilometres,
R326-626 Sheets 57/58
Second largest at about one and a quarter square kilometres of the larger
islands locally, and perhaps most attractive, Coney is by far the tallest at
59m. On the summit are a trigonometrical station and a more attractive
monument. The latter is said to have been erected by the then landowner to his
son who was killed in the Boer War at the turn of the 19th century,
probably fighting for the British. The monument is slightly squways. Local lore
has it that in 2004 when President Bushe of the
The main landing spot is a jetty and slip at the W side. The slip reaches out as far as all but the lowest LWS. There are several houses all now boarded up. Farmers commute here by day on the tide from Crovraghan Pier. Cattle, sheep and horses are stocked. There are two old churches, both at the SE, and one graveyard is still in limited use. A network of boreens criss-cross the island.
From the summit, the very best views of the estuary hereabouts are achieved,
up to Ennis, down to Aughinish aluminium plant on the limerick side, and of
R308-618 Sheet 57
This tiny islet is really the end of a spit of land projecting SW from Coney and not really separate. Sheep and horses grazing there will have migrated from Coney and get cut off by the rising water. It is low but has two distinct high points at either end, hence the name.
Midway between the island and the islet, at the lower half of the tide, it is said there is a tidal lake, a rockpool really. Locals are amazed that it never silts up nor gets filled with stones, even though fierce storms wash over it. It contains the clearest water hereabouts.
R303-621 Sheets 57
This is a genuine islet identifiable at all angles for its pronounced hump at the WSW end. This transpires as a jumble of limestone rocks. Essentially from mother nature's kitchen, these rocks have been organised by man to pen sheep. Ungrazed. Elder tree.
Islands off Kilrush
The two low-lying islands off Kilrush make for an interesting day out. The area is particularly good for people teaching maritime skills, the tides being strong and even turbulent, yet enclosed and with a ‘safe’ feeling. The best embarkation place is at Cappagh Pier at Q985-540.
The ebb race between
Q976-526 Sheet 63
The island seems to have been named for a dragon (Cathach in Irish,
giving Inis Cathach). It has a long and varied history and its origins
are mostly associated with St. Senan born in 488 A.D. He founded the
Christian settlement there in the 6th Century. It was a holy island
until the Vikings took over for a century or so before being recaptured by
Brian Boru in 975. The Vikings must have been pleasantly surprised when they
first arrived, to find the access door to the round tower at ground level. This
makes it the most easily accessible round tower in
There is an abandoned village on the northern end of the E side. Many of the cottages are intact. The island was inhabited until 1978. No artificial fertiliser was ever used on these fields so the island is of ecological interest as a semi-wild grassland.
The lighthouse and battery are at the southern point. The battery is in good condition but access to the roof through the hole in the ceiling is now impossible. Metal grids prevent entry to the inside of the battery.
The lighthouse was first established in 1872.
There is what looks like a peat marina cut into the sod at the southern end of the E side. This is just N of the lighthouse. It could hardly have been a commercial success.
The island has plentiful rabbit and in 1999, Golden Plover and a Short-eared Owl.
The tidal streams between the mainland and the islands tend to be stronger than between the islands. In each case they flow SE with the flood and NW with the ebb.
Landing and Camping
Land on Scattery at a muddy-sandy beach at a pier towards the northern end of the E side. Also, less conveniently further over S towards the battery/lighthouse. Fresh water is unavailable, but there is a holy well behind the round tower. It looks good, and certainly might be drinkable if boiled. Camping is possible anywhere, but permission is needed from Dúchas.
Q986-533 Sheet 63
Little neighbour of
The West Coast a tidal overview
Local HW is generally:
From To HW Galway
Loop Head Slyne Head 0000
Slyne Head Erris Head +0015
Offshore tidal streams
Tidal information inshore along the W coast of
The offshore mainstream makes itself felt where the land projects to meet it.
• Along the coast from Loop Head to Kilkee
• Out the back of the
• At Slyne Head
• Out the back of Inishshark, Inishbofin and Inishturk
• At Achill Head
• Outside the Inishkeas
• At Erris Head
• Along the coast from Rathlin O'Birne to Aranmore
• In Tory Sound
• From Downies to Melmore Head.
Inshore, where paddlers operate, it is a little more complicated. It is widely accepted that tidal streams inshore turn before tidal streams offshore. The islands and the much-fragmented coastline set up eddies. The bays and inshore channels, from the Shannon Estuary in the SW to Lough Swilly in the far NE, fill and empty almost simultaneously. The variation between them is twenty minutes or less.
This inshore cycle of bay filling and emptying is associated with the offshore main stream. As soon as the offshore stream begins to slacken off, the inshore tide starts to flow in the opposite direction. Here is how it works.
The offshore mainstream floods N until HW Galway +0305, but inshore, the bays start to empty that bit earlier, at HW Galway +0100. The inshore bays start to empty as soon as the offshore flood starts to slacken.
The offshore mainstream ebbs S until HW Galway -0320, but inshore, the bays start to fill that bit earlier, at HW Galway -0500. The inshore bays start to fill as soon as the offshore ebb starts to slacken.
To summarise, the bays mostly fill on the offshore flood, and they mostly empty on the offshore ebb. It is just that the inshore cycle starts an hour and a half earlier than offshore. As soon as the offshore flood or ebb slackens to about half pace, the process is exhausted, and the inshore cycle the other way is triggered.
Thus, all the bays and channels on the West Coast fill from about HW Galway 0500 and empty from about +0100.
Water movement in bays
It has to be stressed that these timings relate to the entrances to bays. Up near the head of a bay, or even halfway up, the timing tends to be that bit later. Further, in bays where a large expanse of water is filled through a narrow or constricted entrance, it can be very much later. Bays with restricted entrances, into which large rivers flow, operate to different rules again.
The information that is commercially available about W coast tides relates
to entrances of bays. The people who draw charts and write Pilot books
concentrate their efforts here. The reason is that mariners are always anxious
to come and go with a favourable tide. Given that the W coast of
Care should be exercised in using information from the table on the facing page.
• Rates of flow are spring rates, mostly if not exclusively.
• They are not necessarily consistent throughout the bay.
• The value given may not be for the mouth of the bay itself, but for some other spot inside the bay which has been deemed more important. The reasons for this may not be readily apparent.
• Similar arguments apply for start and finish times, though less vigorously so.
Common sense should be used, or better again, consult the Irish Coast Pilot for more detailed information.
All times are given relative to HW Galway
Bay and place
Starts to fill
Starts to empty
Shannon Estuary (off Carrigaholt)
Achill Sound South (off Achillbeg)
Achill Sound South Inner
Achill Sound North (Bull’s Mouth)
Ballyshannon (Bar to Town)
Aran Sound N+S
Lough Swilly (at Buncrana)
All of these carry a warning. No one in a small boat should ever pass a lobster pot without checking which direction the tide is flowing. It’s like going out in the rain without a coat because the weather forecast is good.
The Coast of
This varied coastline changes greatly in character. The SW Clare coastline is synonymous with vertical slate cliffs. These begin at Kilbaha in the Shannon Estuary, just E of Loop Head and run NE for 60km or so, uninterrupted except for the occasional small boulder beach or long sweep of sand. The cliffs go all the way to the limestone Burren hills in the N of the county. There are few enough landings among the limestone escarpments between Doolin and Ballyvaughan. Steep cliffs then give way to the deeply indented bays in low-lying farmland on the NE edge of the Burren.
Those who have set themselves to paddle all the way around
West Clare is here divided into small day excursions, which allow one to intensively explore.
Kilrush area to Carrigaholt
Q985-540 to Q849-511 Sheet 63
14km of stony shore with strong tides.
Embarkation is at Cappagh Pier at Q985-540 which is also the embarkation for
From the Creek, a stony shoreline extends to Querrin, past the mouth of Poulnasherry (OysterHole) Bay. Poulnasherry is a tidal inlet, so don’t explore on an ebbing tide. Querrin Spit encloses an interesting, marshy area, accessible only above LW, 3km W of the mouth of the Poulnasherry marsh. At Querrin, there is a handy embarkation point with good road access at the pier and slipway in front of the handball alley at Querrin Quay at Q925-541. Best avoid the lower tides for fear of slime.
Corlis Point is at Q915-530, followed by rocky reefs. Next is stony
Carrigaholt to Kilbaha
Q849-511 to Q738-480 Sheet 63
15km of varied coastline.
The bay S of Carrigaholt is Kilcredaun and has an isolated stone beach below
There is a battery on top of Kilcredaun Point at Q850-494. Six such
batteries were built towards the end of the Napoleonic Wars to guard the
estuary against a French invasion. They were built in matching pairs. This one
is matched by a similar construction on the Kerry side at the Cliffs of Dooneen
at Q885-478. Upstream, the next two are at
Batteries were a more formidable proposition than
Typically, a battery also had a dry moat and a drawbridge.
A school of porpoise and Bottlenose Dolphin are resident between this point and the Kerry coast for a number of years. They make full use of the sweeping tides to feed and frolic.
Tidal streams are strong at Kilcredaun Head at Q851-493 where the estuary
suddenly narrows and turns SW after its long westerly progression to the
Q738-480 to Q686-471 Sheet 63
6km of unremitting cliffs.
Kilbaha is a wild place, pretty, and remote. Best to approach by road from
the N, the Bridges of Ross side. The coastal road along the estuary from Carrigaholt
is often blocked at
The outermost 6km of the Shannon Estuary has the character of the coast
outside it. Tides now play a significant role as wind from the S can cause
unpleasant sea states. Along the striking cliffs towards the head are many
narrow caves, including one cavern whose narrow entrance causes light to
refract upwards through the water. Halfway between Loop Head and Kilbaha is
Dunmore Head at Q718-466 where a sheltered break may be had inside. Dunmore
Head is almost cut off, and is locally called
Q686-471 to Q735-504 Sheet 63
7km of cliffs lie between Loop Head and the
Tides hereabouts, even in close, are the main W coast offshore mainstream. They run along the coast from Loop Head to Kilkee at up to 1kn in springs, with the flood running from HW Galway 0320 to +0305.
Loop Head is a big squarecut, jutting headland. It consists of vertical black cliffs over 30m high. There is a detached section right at the head itself. This is called Diarmuid and Gráinne’s Rock. It is a vertical tower 100m by 20m, separated from the mainland by a deep, narrow gorge. In very calm conditions, it is possible to paddle through this gap.
Diarmuid and Gráinne fled from Fionn and the Fianna, a long time ago. Their
near capture is recorded widely all over
Around the Head, there is always a swell, which booms on the off-lying reefs. There is a huge lighthouse which is rarely visible from below, except from way out.
The cliffs relent after Black Rock at Q703-490. The view southwards from
here looks bleak as rising black cliffs stretch out to sea. The detached rock,
2km NE of the head, is
The Bridges of Ross is a N facing, natural harbour. Once there were two bridges, but one fell into the sea. The remaining one is on the western side of the mouth of the inlet, just E of the Point of Ross. There are two inlets within the harbour. Access is normally easier from the wider one, being the more E of the two. There is a track down to a boulder beach. The bay is not completely cut off in rough conditions, as the mouth is wide enough. Care should be exercised though.
Bridges of Ross to
Q735-504 to Q825-560 Sheet 63
This is 11km of beautiful committed paddling with no real landings between
the two points. Worse, the mouth of
Between Ross and Toorkeal at Q762-513 are continuous cliffs with one sea stack. The N-facing, V-shaped baylet at Toorkeal has, in the cliff to its W, a remarkable T-shaped cave. This leads in over boulders to a sheltered steep-sided cove.
Gowleen at Q785-535 (no road access) is rarely accessible due to rocks at the mouth of the bay. Croan Rock marks its northern edge.
Tides in this section are as mentioned previously - the main W coast offshore stream runs along the coast from Loop Head to Kilkee at up to 1kn in springs, with the flood running from HW Galway 0320 to +0305.
Q825-560 - Q886-604 Sheet 63
About 8km of vertical cliffs and steeps slabs.
The castle at Castle Point (Q835-577) cannot now be seen. The deeply
undercut cliff here is popular with mackerel fishermen. From
Storm Petrel, Barnacle Goose.
There is a lovely arch at Foohagh Point at Q853-590, but watch for the submerged rock on its northern side. There is a most beautiful stack to its S called Green Pillar Rock, also called ‘The Candle’ by divers. A large hole has eroded through the centre, and there is a splendid jump off the landward side of the hole.
The bay just N of Bishop’s
On Duggerna Rocks, at the southern side of the bay, are the famous Pollock Holes. These are famous for their natural swimming and snorkelling pools of all sizes. Covered at HW, they are refreshed twice daily. The Pollock Holes are deservedly a most popular attraction. The offshore rocks at this point are busy divesites.
The inner bay has a beautiful, horseshoe strand, which is very well sheltered. As the town is right behind, the best landing is at the pier at the northern end of the beach. Scuba divers, both CFT and PADI (Comhairle Fo-Thuinn (Irish Underwater Council), Professional Association of Diving Instructors), organise themselves from this pier. Kilkee is a serious player as a tourist town.
At the northern end of
Kilkee to Doonbeg
Q886-604 to Q962-663 Sheet 63
This section is around 14km.
George’s Head protects
Donegal Point at Q896-654 is turbulent at most times. It separates
On the W side of
Doonbeg to Spanish Point
Q962-663 to R034-777 Sheet 57
The character of the coast all the way from Loop Head to Spanish Point is mostly steep, rugged, slate cliffs interspersed with sheltered bays, large and small. S of Doonbeg, the terrain is mostly suited to those who like to potter and explore in detail. This now gives way to exposed surf beaches.
The coast 9km N of Doonbeg is mostly surf beach, including the famous Doughmore (White Strand on the OS 1:50,000 map). Doughmore is famous with surfers for its reliable surf and mean rip-tides. Do not lightly decide to land hereabouts.
Doughmore is famous with others for the golf played in the dune system
behind the beach. Doonbeg Golf Course was developed controversially in the last
few years. Golfers won out against conservationists. More recently, the golfers
have applied to Clare County Council for permission to deposit 80,000 tons of
rock and boulders at various points on Doughmore beach, to halt coastal
erosion. Did they not realise that dunes are by definition impermanent? Was
this not on the cards from the outset? This is one of the most beautiful remote
and natural beaches in
Lurga Point, 2km WSW of the
There is a somewhat sheltered storm beach just 1km S of Caherrush Point at R020-768. Here are farms and generally a welcoming environment, with water and camping on request.
The curved beach immediately S of Spanish Point is a famed surf spot, absolutely to be avoided except in calm conditions.
Q972-721 Sheet 57
Mattle is 2km S of Mutton Island and will always play a secondary role to the larger and more attractive Mutton. Cormorant and Shag roost on the grass top. Cormorant colonise the summit while Shag have their home perched over a deep cut that penetrates the NE point.
Land in a cut at the southern point, or in various points along the SE side, depending on tide and conditions. A reef runs well out to the ENE, and landing may often be had in its shelter.
Q983-747 Sheet 57
Landing and Embarkation
The landing place is onto a stony beach at a projecting spit at the narrow,
north-eastern point. There are also landing points nearer the houses. If
circumstances dictate, there is also a useful landing in a W-facing cut at
Q982-747. Camping is equally convenient to all these landings. Embark from a
sheltered and conveniently reached beach and slipway at Q996-743 at
With tide running, a most fearsome sea state is said to kick up S of Mutton Island. Beware also the reefs off the W of the island, beloved of wilder surfers.
Barnacle Goose, Great Northern Diver.
Gadwall, Shoveler, Wigeon, Teal and Mallard were seen on the lake in March 2004. Also seen were Barnacle Goose, Snow Bunting, Twite, Snipe and a herd of goats.
A great slab of rock with minimal grass lies at Q984-758, 1km N of Mutton Island. Various slabs on the S side usually provide an easy landing. This rock has a fine feel to it. Seal, Barnacle Goose, Mallard and Teal were seen in March 2004.
Spanish Point to Liscannor
R034-777 to R068-884 Sheet 57
No organised information is to hand about this committing stretch of coast, consisting of low cliffs and surf beaches.
The bay to the S of Liscannor is Lehinch and a famed surf spot, absolutely to be avoided by sea kayaks.
Liscannor to Doolin
The Cliffs of Moher
R068-884 to R058-971 Sheet 51/Sheet 57
To the N of Liscannor are the famous Cliffs of Moher, running NNE for 16km
or more from Hag’s Head at R011-897. Hag’s Head lies 3km W of Furreera
(R042-880 Sheet 57) in
Doolin claims, with some validity, to be the secret capital of Irish music.
The slipway at Doolin pier is steep, less than well sheltered, and busy. Parking in summer is easier just 100m N, in front of the campsite. The launching is no more difficult off the rocky beach, despite a small, awkward carry. There is no other embarkation for many a cliff-bound mainland mile on either side.
Day excursions either side of Doolin are committing and amongst the best in the country.
Doolin has a coast and cliff rescue service. Contact Mattie Shanahan at 065 – 7074415, the leader of the local Coastguard (Doolin) Unit. Local information may be had from any of the local ferrymen, there being a number of busy, small ferry routes to the islands.
Branaunmore - An Branán Mór
R037-924 Sheet 51
Branaunmore is the sea stack prominently visible below O’Brien’s Tower at the main public viewing point on the Cliffs of Moher. For this reason, it is more often referred to among kayakers as O’Brien’s Stack. Its importance lies in its strategic position, mid-trip along the Cliffs. Very occasionally, a trip along the Cliffs may here be broken, lunch taken, and legs stretched. Tall and thin at 61m high, this is a mighty stack, and although unreliable, do not discount the possibility of a landing. A shelf of rock extends out from the base of the stack on the seaward side, the Doolin side of which is peculiarly sheltered. Even when the gap with the mainland is closed out by booming surf, the N outer side is often quite free of surge and scend. Manageable groups will find it worth a look.
R053-971 Sheet 51
The German submarine Aud landed Dowing, servant of Roger casement, on
Crab, in 1916. He couldn’t make the mainland and was arrested. This was the
first in a long line of mishaps and misunderstandings that undermined the 1916
Rebellion and essentially confined it to
It is more convenient to deal with the Aran Islands here rather than in the
As Doolin is the first logical embarkation for the
Embarkation - Clare side
There is no one obvious embarkation point on the
Local HW/LW is the same as
The flood under the cliffs on the long and forbidding SSW (seaward) side of Inishmore is NW, from HW Galway -0320 to +0305.
Tidal streams NW and SE of the group, off the
Inisheer - Inis Oírr
L982-028 Sheet 51
Population 270. On Inisheer there are provisions, pubs, music, hostel, airport, ferry, B&Bs, castles, ring forts, pretty scenery, nice walks, and has antiquities by the score. Saint Caban’s Church is now practically engulfed in sand. On 14 June each year the sand is cleared away and the islanders pray through the night by candle-light. Altogether a most attractive island. Irish (and English) speaking.
The main landing place is at a NNE facing beach, midway on the NNE side, which may dump. Otherwise, try at the pier at the W end of the beach, where the ferry comes in. There is a paying campsite, with facilities, near the village.
L992-016 Trá Caorach, just W of the eastern point of the island, is a sandy beach. Nearby is the landmark wreck, the Plassey, rusting away above the HW mark since 1960.
L978-007 There is a quay, just NW of the lighthouse, by a slipway.
Inishmaan - Inis Meáin
L946-046 Sheet 51
Population 190. The island has an airport, ferry, provisions, B&B, pub, chipper and general facilities. An attractive island, almost exclusively Irish speaking. Note Dun Connor (Dún Chonchúir), which is one of the finest, complete ring forts in existence, oval in shape. Rock climbing on Inishmaan has developed since about 2001.
Landings and Camping
L946-046 The main landing spot is at Cora (An Córa), at the pier, or the beach nearby just NE for camping.
L954-060 At the NE corner, along the beautiful beach called Sandhead (Ceann Gainimh), but which dumps. Be careful not to disturb nesting Terns in spring and early summer. No water.
L943-067 Pier at E end of bay on N called An Caladh Mór, but there is a long carry at LW. No water.
L934-067 Better for the NW end of the island, there is a small pier and slipway, called Port na Cora. The carry is manageable at LW, there is convenient camping, and there is good water in a well nearby, up the boreen. This is also the best jumping off point for Inishmore.
Inishmore - Inis Mór
L883-088 Sheet 51
Population 850. Inishmore is the largest and most westerly of the three main
islands. It has several small off-liers, dealt with here as a group. With its
airport and all-weather ferry from
L883-088 Kilronan pier (Cill Rónáin), for all mainland type facilities.
L828-105 Kilmurvey (Cill Mhuirbhigh), W of centre on the northern side, has a sheltered sandy beach. The best campsite is on a grassy area on the western side of the bay, just N of the beach. This is just the other side of a pier, where there is an easy rocky landing, and good water in a well. This is the obvious departure point on passage NW.
L777-116 Bungowla (Bun Gabhla),
a sheltered pier and slip, facing across the sound to the
L831-092 In exceptionally calm conditions, in someone else’s empty plastic boat, or in extreme distress, there is the possibility of a landing at about midpoint on the SSW coast. This is under Gortnagapple (Gort na gCapall), 1km E of Dun Aengus. A sloping natural slipway lies at Port Bhéal an Dúin on the right hand side of the easterly of two bays, where the cliffs are lowest of all. Rumour has it that this place is very occasionally used by curraghs. This is the slipway made famous in the classic film ‘Man of Aran’. Otherwise, these cliffs are 14km of lee shore, best attacked from Bun Gabhla on the ebb tide in total calm.
An t-Oileán Iatharach
L759-122 Sheet 51
The more westerly of the two
The lighthouse sequence is FL 15s, 35m, 23M (one flash every 15 seconds, the light is 35 metres high and is visible for 23 miles). It was first established in December 1857 and was automated 1978. No water was found but a herd of goats survive, so there must be somewhere. In an emergency the Irish Lights tanks might be accessible. Lots of limestone, but very little else aside from the lighthouse and a wreck.
Oileán Dá Bhranóg
L769-118 Sheet 51
The more easterly of the
Straw Island - Oileán na Tuí
L909-085 Sheet 51
The Coast of
Doolin to Ballyvaughan
R057-970 to M228-083 Sheet 51
The famous Burren area is a geological phenomenon, being 1,000km2 of ‘karst’. This comprises exposed limestone rock pavements, crags, escarpments, sea cliffs, caves, and above all, flowers.
Flora - the Burren is profuse with rare wild flowers. Some of these are not otherwise found N of southern latitudes, while others are not found S of northern latitudes – here, they are side by side. The Burren shelves or drops vertically into the sea from Doolin to Ballyvaughan, with landings few and far between.
Climbing cliffs - halfway between Doolin and Fanore is the famous
climbing sea-cliff of Ailladie at R092-034, developed since 1972. It is
probably second only in popularity in
There are other cliffs, large and small, between Doolin and Ailladie, and there has been some climbing development on the more prominent sections. All other Clare climbing will always be second rate to Ailladie.
Landings - there is a possible landing at a storm beach just a km N of Doolin, but it is of little logistical interest as there is no road access.
There is a shallow bay with a steep slip about 4km S of Fanore beach, just where the road is closest to the high tide mark, but landing even here is troublesome under the best of conditions. A dolphin, Fáinne, arrived here in 1997 or so and has remained ever since.
13.5km NE of Doolin and 4km or so S of Black Head, is the splendidly
The coast for kilometres on either side of Black Head is scenic, and of
special interest to shore anglers. Lines of them grace the low but sheer black
cliffs all summer long. At the head, with its huge automated lighthouse, there
will always be swell, especially when the tide ebbs into the regular
westerlies. Under normal summer conditions, full-blooded Atlantic conditions
suddenly yield to the protected waters of
3km around Black Head, the tiny pier (marked Coolsiva Quay at M181-108) at Gleninagh, gives a landing onto a small sandy beach. This is a pleasant spot for swimming, and is usually a reliable landing. There is camping and water in nearby houses. Car access is awkward, especially for larger groups. Many of the ‘Wild Geese’ are said to have left from this pier in Sarsfield’s time, after the Treaty of Limerick in the 17th Century.
4km WNW of Ballyvaughan is
The sea outside Ballyvaughan harbour is very shallow and care is needed not to ground at LW, even in kayaks. In particular, a spit of land known locally as ‘The Rinn’ juts out NE from the shore W of the village. It is a famed birding spot, and with its offshore shallows, it needs a wide berth.
Camping at the village is very public, on grass in front of the RentanIrishCottages, or just W of the harbour. It may be possible elsewhere with permission. A better choice by far, is Bishop’s Quarter beach at M245-095.
Ballyvaughan is a very pretty village, with all supplies. It is probably
best known with tourists for the seafood in Monks Bar at the W pier, and cakes
and delicacies in the Tea Rooms nearby. There is also the commercial
M222-118 Sheet 51
Shown on the OS half-inch Sheet 14, but missing from the 1:50,000 Sheet 51. A rocky islet which makes a good waystop on a day paddle in S Galway Bay. Land on the downwind side, mostly easily. Neither water nor camping.
M271-114 Sheet 51
Entry is easiest at M271-114 at a small pier beside a hexagonal monument on the roadside. The south-western side of the bay has a large seal colony, and some otters.
M253-104 Sheet 51
Scanlan’s is noted here for the tidal race that sets up on the ebb at the
narrows at its southern tip at M253-104. This is between the island and the
Paddlers prefer playing in this race to the more powerful Aughinish Point
race nearby, because of its ease of access and relative safety of escape. This
race flows into the enclosed
Slack water immediately outside the narrows is as Galway HW and LW. The
stream at the narrows and inside
The whole area teems with bird life in winter. On land is found Snow
Bunting, on Loch Murree Whooper Swan, Widgeon, Pochard and Teal. On the sea
there are Brent Goose, many Merganser, Long-tailed Duck, and especially Divers.
More than 130 Great Northern Diver have been counted in recent times. The area
is particularly noted for the rarer Black Throated Diver. Clive Hutchinson’s
M274-132 Sheet 51
Apparently, Aughinish was only completely cut off from the mainland for
about 50 years. Once upon a time, it was joined to
In that way,
This provides kayakers with an opportunity for a short but interesting circumnavigation without logistical problems. Aughinish Point at M274-132 is at the W tip of the island. For best conditions, the circuit is best done clockwise if launching on the ebb, or anticlockwise on the flood.
The strong tides start and finish up to an hour behind Galway HW and LW. The
streams are E (ingoing) from HW Galway -0500 and W (outgoing) from +0100. Do
not push (if in a hurry) against the tide on the southern side of the island.
Above all, avoid the S side for the main part of the ebb, especially in a
westerly. A truly awesome tide race is set up here in such conditions. It
extends over the entire mouth of the bay, and stretches from New Quay Pier to
Aughinish Point and beyond. On the N side of the island, the tides are not
generally strong. However, a shallow bar extends from Deer Island ESE to a
point NE of
Until 1992, there was an old cannon, with emplacements, on top of the
The S side of the island was the scene of a tragic drowning on 29th June 1969, when 9 children, all from New Quay (except one from Kinvara), died when a boat overturned on its maiden sea trials.
The coast of
M283-153 Sheet 51
This is a small but lovely and worthwhile islet in open water, 2km N of
Land on a beautiful, sheltered, curved, sandy beach on the SE side.
A shallow bar extends from Deer Island ESE to a point NE of
Embark from around New Quay, County Clare. The easiest launch is from
M367-119 Sheet 52
A tidal island in
Tides in parts of the bay reach 1.5kn in springs.
M355-159 Sheet 52
An undistinguished small lowlying islet N of the entrance to Kinvara bay. Essentially a grassy raised gravel bank beloved only of nesting gulls in spring. Best landing in SE onto stony beach.
The tidal stream emptying
M351-164 Sheet 52
Eddy is a large and pretty island, low-lying, 2km NW of the mouth of
The bigger part of the island lies W of the village and is reached by a narrow causeway. There are enormous lagoons on the northern and south-western sides.
A coral sandbank projects from the eastern end of the island. This dries out all the way to the mainland at the bottom of very low spring tides, when Razorfish can be dug on the lowest parts.
Put in at Kinvara, or a choice of nearer launchings. The nearest embarkation point is from a quay 2km NE of the island at M360-181, 6km WSW of Clarinbridge. Killeenaran at M372-167, 2km E, is more popular. Most conveniently accessed is the beach (locally called Trácht) at M341-138, 2km S and 5km NW of Kinvara, where there is plenty of parking, and toilets.
Land at the beach on the E end of N side, at the abandoned village.
Good camping can be had almost anywhere. No water was found.
M300-193 Sheet 51
Kilcolgan Point at M300-193 at the western tip of the island is a useful
waystop for a tour in inner
The island is at the head of a useful round trip with a simple shuttle
between put in and out points. Start or finish at Oranmore Sailing Club (well
signposted from Oranmore village) at M355-219 on Sheet 46, and at a small pier
just W of Clarinbridge at M407-197 Sheet 52. This provides a trip of 18km or
so. There are nice west-going races on the lower ebb off Mweenish Point at
M354-175, Sheet 52 (the E point of
There are splendid views of the nearby
M297-233 Sheet 45
Situated 1km immediately S of Galway docks at the Claddagh. The main pier at
Cathair na Gaillimhe go Ceann Léime
Co. na Gaillimhe
This section deals with the coastline from Rossaveel to Slyne Head. There
are no islands, and no information available as to the coastline W of Galway
City to Rossaveel. For convenience, the section is divided into its eastern and
western halves. The eastern section is centred around
The E section is further divided into three sections: Greatman’s Bay, the
The waters and bays in
In the 19th and early 20th Century, wooden sailing
boats, Connemara Hookers, were the workhorses of the waterways. These were a
dominant feature of the
Many of these islands were inhabited in the not too distant past. We walk in the footsteps of the people who have travelled these same boreens before us. We shelter alongside their old walls. We should reflect on the lives of these people and the drastic causes behind these settlement changes.
Have a look at the population changes on the table below.
At the end of the 19th Century, the region was among the poorest in the nation. It was a harsh landscape. With hard labour, people were reasonably self-sufficient. They were providing food and support for their families from farming, kelp gathering, fishing and trades. But there were groups who were very poor. Old people, widows with young children, men with families and no land and families with varying degrees of strength… all were vulnerable. There were years where there was poor harvest in fishing or potato.
The Congested Districts Board was set up in the 1880’s to develop schemes to alleviate the poverty experienced in the area. These schemes employed a huge number of men in building roads, causeways and bridges. The Board achieved more than would ever be achieved in the years immediately after Irish independence. The causeways and bridges which joined the islands to the mainland, and between the islands of Lettermullan - Leitir Mealláin, Gorumna - Oileán Gharmna and Annaghvaan - Eanach Mheáin, were built in the years between 1886 and 1891. Many roads in the Carna area were built then also.
The men earned one shilling (about 6 cent) a day. 900 people were working on
these schemes from Ceantar na n-Oileáin, (Leitir Móir and Leitir
Mealláin) which shows a huge reliance on these relief works to help
families survive famine and high rents. About 1900, lace-making industries were
set up to create income opportunities for women. It became a way for women to
earn the price of a fare to
The population were tenants on the land. It was a struggle to keep their
holdings and to survive. Landlords and their agents charged exorbitant rents.
If they could not pay the rent, they were evicted. It drove many people to
emigrate. There were many schemes in
In the 20th Century, all the islands in
These days, islands are a very attractive destination for paddlers and other tourists. Increasingly, many of the small islands have holiday homes. Even the smaller islands with permanent inhabitants have recently had electricity installed, funded by the Department of Community, Rural and Gaelteacht affairs. In 2004, there is a Minister there who seems to actually care. Is the tide turning?
Cuan an Fhir Mhóir
Greatman’s Bay is the smallest of the three island strewn bays on the
At this E end of the
Tides enter Greatman’s Bay, as others in the region, from about HW Galway
-0500 to +0100. Local HW in the furthest regions of the bay such as Bealadangan
Cuan Chamuis go Cuan an Fhir Mhóir
The following is a description i nGaeilge of a journey from the upper
Josie O’Giobúin, sea kayaker from Camus, the heart of the Conamara Gaeltacht , is the contributor. A direct translation is not provided, as any attempt at such would lose the poetry and beauty of the Irish language.
However, some pointers for those paddling
Fadó, baineadh móin ar fud Chonamara le cur ar bháid go hArainn, go Gaillimh agus go Co an Chláir. Talamh chloch aoil a bhí in Arainn agus Co an Chláir agus ní raibh aon mhóin acu ná mórán ábhar tine. Is dócha ar dtús go mbíodh muintir Chonamara ag babhtáil leo, móin ar iasc nó fataí, b’fhéidir. Bhí talamh níos fearr in Arainn, an méid talamh a bhí ann.
Théadh muintir Chamuis agus Rosmuc síos Béal an Daingin agus Cuan an Fhir Mhóir ar a mbealach lena gcuid móna. Tá sruth láidir san gcuisle caol idir Camus agus Rosmuc. Tá áit ar a dtugann siad na léimeannaí ina mbíonn titim maith nuair a bhíonn sé ag trá, go mór mhór ar an rabharta. Tá an chuisle marcáilte le piléir concrete uaidh Snámh Bó síos go Béal an Daingean. Má bhíonn tú ag déanamh an aistear seo in aon bhád ní mór duit staidéar a dhéanamh ar an taoile mura bhfuil tú ag iarraidh bheith ag troid in aghaidh an sruth.
Ag tosnú ag barr Chuan Chamuis san áit a dtéann abhainn na Foirnéise isteach sa gCuan an chéad oileán a fheiceann tú ná Oileán na Scailp. Ta beagán de seanchrainnte Monterey pine fanta ar an oileán seo, ach tá siad ag fáil bháis mar bíonn cailleacha dubha ag codhladh iontu agus maraíonn an acid atá ina gcac na crainnte. Ar an taobh ó dheas don oileán seo, tuairims 100 méadar uaidh, tá carraig atá deas cothram réidh ar a bharr ar a dtugtar Leac an Tobac. D’fhéadfadh go mbeadh scéalta le ninseacht ag an leac seo, dá mbeadh muid in ann í a thuiscint. Le hais an chuain, seasann Teach Scríb, teach tiarna talún.
Uaidh seo leanann tú an sruth atá an láidir ag an áit is cúinge san gcuisle, 100 méadar. Tá oileán beag, Dún Manus ar thaobh Rosmuc den chuisle seo agus tá bóthar déanta istigh air, agus an bóthar ag teacht go cladach chaon taobh. Bhí droichead le déanamh anseo aimsir Bhord na gCeantar Cúng (Congested Districts Board) ach níor déanadh fós é. Deireann an sean dream nuair a dhéanfar an droichead ag Dún Manus go b’shin é deire an domhain. Dhéanfadh muid gan an droichead dhá bhfanadh deire an domhain uainn. Bhí bád farantóireachta anseo fadó ag tabhairt daoine siar go Rosmuc agus aniar go Camus.
Píosa beag tuairims 1km taobh ó dheas de seo tá an t-oileán Inis Aillte. Bhí cónaí ar seo go dtí le blianta gairid. Taobh ó dheas aríst tá Cladhnach, oileán eile agus ar an taobh thoir do Chladhnach idir é agus Camus Íochtair tá na Léimeannaí, an áit is láidre a bhíonns an sruth.
Taobh ó dheas do Oileán Chladhnach, casann tú siar idir Rosmuc ar an taobh ó thuaidh agus Béal an Daingean ar an taobh ó dheas. Feiceann tú oileán Inis Treabhair siar uait. Tá cónaí fós ar an oileán seo. Tá dhá chéibh ann ceann ar an taobh thoir agus ceann ó thuaidh gar don cheann thiar don oileán. Tá sé éasca dul i dtír ar chaon taobh don oileán.
Casann tú ó dheas aríst idir Béal a’Daingean agus Anach Mheáin. Tá droichead concrete anois idir Béal a’Daingin agus Anach Mheáin. Roimhe seo, bhíodh droichead adhmaid ann a bhí le noscailt le h-aghaidh báid seoil a ligeann síos agus suas. Má tá bád seoil ag iarraidh dul faoi anois, caithfidh siad an crann a thógál anuas. Tuairims 3km taobh ó dheas de Bhéal an Daingean tá oileán Inse Mhic Cionnaith. Tá teach saoire amháin ar an oileán seo, tá na tithe eile uilig tréigthe. Tuairims 5km eile ó dheas tá tú ag béal Chuan an Fhir Mhóir ag breathnú trasna ar oileáin Arainn i gCuan na Gaillimhe.
There are a couple of areas to be careful of in
The fastest flow is between
L897-267 Sheet 44
The grid reference is for Maimin Quay - Céibh an Mháimín in the NE, just left of the road as one drives onto the island from Lettermore. This quay does not dry out as much as other local quays that are convenient for exploring the bay. Much of the island is referred to locally as Máimín or Maumeen, and parts as Tír an Fhia. The island is very much in the heart of the Irish speaking Gaelteacht area.
Illaunnanownim (Oileán an Anama, literally Island of the Soul, or
L902-283 Sheet 44
Lettermore is a large, hilly island. The grid reference is for a quay in the SE, opposite Inishlay, just left of the road as one drives towards Gorumna. This quay does dry out at the bottom of a low tide but is otherwise very usable for exploring the bay. Good facilities may be had in shops by the Gorumna bridge at the SE. Tides meet in the lagoon W of the Gorumna bridge, which is navigable to kayaks at all times. Less navigable is the passage immediately NE of the island, as there are extensive drying areas.
Annaghvaan - Eanach Mheáin
L912-299 Sheet 44
Essentially the road bridge to Lettermore and Gorumna, the road passing along its SE side, Annaghvaan has its own community of its own people on its low lying terrain.
The passage immediately S of the island (SW to Lettermore) has extensive drying areas at LW. Bealadangan pass to the SE may be a better bet, but watch the strength of the current.
Inishlay - Inis Léith
L906-276 Sheet 44
A small, low, wet island, with cows, sheep, larks, mergansers, ferns, gorse, rushes, bog pools and an indented, inconvenient, rocky shore everywhere. Camp is possible but unattractive just about anywhere.
An tOileán Iarthach Theas
L913-264 Sheet 44
Drier than Inishlay, with a more open feel, and good views N to the mountains. Goats. Camp on grass at NW.
Inis Mhic Cionaith
L921-263 Sheet 44/Sheet 45
This is the largest and most attractively varied of the islands hereabouts. There are both deciduous and coniferous trees. Houses, some of which are being restored are on the eastern side. Of these, the most southerly is the nicest in a lovely open spot. Tidal peat, bog oak and cows. Landing anywhere requires a carry except at HW. Camp by the houses if they’re unoccupied.
Lettermullan Island Group
The next ten or so islands are centred on, and are mostly accessed from, Lettermullan Island - Leitir Mealláin, on the E side of and somewhat outside the entrance to Kilkieran Bay.
The bay fills from HW Galway 0520 to +0105, and achieves 1.5kn at the
entrance between Ardmore Point at L818-283 and Illauneeragh - An tOileán
Iatharach at L838-273. 2kn is achieved inside the bay between
L826-215 Sheet 44
A sprawling ‘mainland’, island on the eastern side of the entrance to the
main part of the bay.
To the NW and N, Inisherk - Inis Eirc, Dinish - Daighinis and Illauncosheen (Illauncasheen locally) - Oileán Chaisín surround Furnace - Fornais, which is similarly attached to -Lettermullan.
Lettermullan is joined on the E to
The northern shore has nothing interesting. The eastern shore has a number of
working quays. The southern shore has a beautiful bay E of centre at L843-216,
Camping for the tourer may be conveniently had at L826-215 on the remote
commonage at the SW tip. This is just inside and opposite the signal tower at
Golam Head on
L846-212 Sheet 44
A small island, about 500m off Lettermullan,
L819-214 Sheet 44
Wonderful cattle-grazed, remote, and somewhat short-grassed island, SW of Lettermullan. Camp at the shingle beach by the landing, midway along the E side, facing the WW2 watch-house and main camping site on Lettermullan. Huge 19th Century signal tower forms the major landmark hereabouts. Very much recommended. Marked 95’ on half inch OS map. There is a race on ebb on northern side into a westerly wind.
L823-225 Sheet 44
Granite ‘roches moutonées’, and boulders. ‘Roches moutonées’ means ‘scoured or scraped rocks’. Geologists can tell which way glaciers moved from the scrapes. Horses grazing. There is a very remote feel to this island. Pleasant. Marked 60’ on half-inch OS map. There is a race on the ebb on the southern side into W wind. It can be camped on, just. Land easiest onto sand at sheltered north-eastern tip.
L825-227 Sheet 44
Granite ‘roches moutonées’, and boulders. Horses grazing. Pleasant. Land easiest onto sand at sheltered E side between it and Crappagh, where beaches form to either side of the almost drying gap. Marked 51’ on half-inch OS map.
Crappagh - An Chnapach
L831-227 Sheet 44
The summit is marked as 62’ on the half-inch OS map and 16m on the 1:50,000. The ‘almost an island’ is actually attached to Lettermullan by an unmarked causeway/bridge of recent construction on its E side, built across an extensive area of flats. The tide ebbs S. Be wary at LW. Cattle and an unusual house at E side.
Inisherk - Inis Eirc
L832-233 Sheet 44
Inisherk possesses a truly eye-catching feature. A small abandoned cluster
of houses is built at the SE corner. These are built right down to the HW mark
onto scoured and rounded ‘roches moutonées’, with a natural ‘pier’. The
‘village’ is reminiscent of similar developments much, much further N in
Land onto slabs at the pier by the houses. Camp between these houses and the narrows to the S. Alternatively, for the oceanic feel, try the sandy beach on the S side of the western tip at L826-234 or the corresponding storm beach N of this tip at L826-234 if conditions insist. Camping may also be possible further N.
Furnace - Fornais
L834-234 Sheet 44
Furnace is attached to Lettermullan by a bridge, the water underneath which is passable at all stages of the tide (which ebbs W). A pier at L834-234 at the SW of the island forms a good base for paddling hereabouts. A flat grassy area at the N tip would provide good camping but the welcome is most uncertain, especially if accessed by road, as all the ‘Private’ signs face this way. The E side has several working piers of little interest save as waystops. The gap inside Illauncosheen is barely passable, even to a kayak, at LW.
Dinish - Daighinis
L830-254 Sheet 44
Mains electricity is connected to the few inhabited, probably holiday houses on the eastern and northern sides of this beautiful island. Two lovely sandy bays open onto the narrows opposite Furnace. The best beach of all is the E-facing, crescent-shaped beach at L830-254, tucked inside the northern tip of the island. It is backed by machair for camping in comfort, and the single house thereabouts even boasts its own pontoon-landing device. There appears to be mains water at the house.
Illauncasheen - Oileán an Chaisín
L841-243 Sheet 44
Known as Illauncasheen locally, but Illauncosheen on the OS map, this little
island is situated in
Cuan Chill Chiaráin
The bay N of Lettermore Island is mostly very shallow, giving paddling which varies greatly with the level of the tide. At HW, there are quite a few small islands, some inhabited, some not, and all with reasonably straightforward landings. As the tide falls, the flow between the islands increases and the channels all narrow. Some of the streams reach 3kn, and then the channels dry up, so that the whole area is seaweed-covered rocks and islets. Many of the islets then become linked at lower tides. The area is heavily dredged by fishermen for oysters and bladder-wrack seaweed. The seaweed is collected and taken away in trucks to be processed into iodine and fertiliser. There is also salmon farming.
The local wildlife is spectacular with large numbers of seals, some of which are inquisitive, and otters, which quite definitely are not. Also, there are birds Common, Herring and Lesser Black-backed Gull, and large numbers of Red Breasted Merganser. Worth visiting in its own right, the area is particularly attractive as a fallback in time of windy weather. Its combination of races and shelter can combine to give more fun than open ocean water.
The bay fills from HW Galway 0520 to +0105, and achieves 1.5kn at the
entrance between Ardmore Point at L818-283 and Illauneeragh at L838-273. The
tide gets up to 2kn between
An tOileán Iatharach
L840-267 Sheet 44
Attractive heather and rock covered island at the eastern side of the mouth
Inishbarra - Inis Bearacháin
L860-268 Sheet 44
An attractive, high, rocky and heather covered island, E of the mouth of
Inishtravin - Inis Treabhair
L893-312 Sheet 44
An attractive, sheltered, low, inhabited island in
L893-320 Sheet 44
These two small islands lie to the N of Inishtravin and are linked to it at LW. Easily approached at HW, at LW both islands become surrounded by huge expanses of weed-covered rocks. These islands are a favourite haunt of otters.
Illaunard - An tOileán Garbh
L877-322 Sheet 44
A small island to the NW of Inishtravin. Land anywhere on rocks, easily at HW, but with more difficulty at LW. Used for grazing. Uninhabited. The best camping is on the northern side. There is a considerable tidal drop and access is probably best at HW. The higher parts of the island are dominated by furze, heather and bracken and sections can be difficult to walk.
North Island - An tOileán ó Thuaidh
L873-324 Sheet 44
A small, uninhabited, rocky island to the NW of Illaunard. Land in a small cove on the N coast.
Oileáin na Craoibhe
L884-332 Sheet 44
These islands give interesting paddling on an ebbing tide. The entire area is almost surreal at LW. It is very easy to get lost and stranded by a dropping tide, with islands emerging all around.
An tOileán Iatharach Thiar
L888-349 Sheet 44
A low island connected to Illaunmore at LW. There are interesting old ruins and narrow paths through the island, which is quite marshy on the northern half. Land easily at an old slipway on the north-eastern corner at HW. At LW, the mud between the weed-covered rocks is black, smelly, and gets everywhere. This is a popular island with tourists in summer. July can be ‘hectic’.
Illaunmore - An tOileán Mór
L896-350 Sheet 44
An attractive, low island connected at its eastern point to the mainland at LW. It is inhabited but there are many abandoned ruins and deserted houses. It is a popular venue with summer tourists for ‘camping sauvage’ in the fields.
L887-353 Sheet 44
A small island linked to Illauneeragh West at LW. Land easily at HW on the eastern side at some old walls. Formerly used for grazing but now covered in briars. A strong flow can develop on the ebb to the S of the island.
Illaunnagappul - Oileán na gCapall
L897-357 Sheet 44
A small island N of Illaunmore. Uninhabited but there are signs of former fields. A flow of about 1.5kn can develop just S of the island. Land anywhere, easily on higher tides, with more difficulty onto weed-covered rocks on lower tides.
L804-263 Sheet 44
A low, grassy island, SW of the mouth of
Good numbers of Barnacle Geese c. 500 in all in winter which
graze all the outer islands off this coast. Birds move from island to island
when disturbed. Biggest
concentration normally on Saint MacDara’s
L806-272 Sheet 44
Attractive low-lying island with lovely sandy beach on N side. Has extensive areas that partially dry at low water and an E facing sickle shaped bay.
The passage between Birbeg and Birmore dries completely at times of LWS.
Inishmuskerry - Oileán Múscraí
L783-266 Sheet 44
Known locally as
Good birdlife. About 300 Barnacle
Goose frequent this and other
L790-288 Sheet 44
A large attractive island, W of the entrance to the bay. It can just about be accessed on foot at very low springs at its north-eastern end.
There are beautiful beaches along both sides. Long and narrow in shape, the island has extensive machair areas and wetter marshes in low-lying hollows. There are many ruined farmhouses. The island has the distinctive atmosphere of being slowly reclaimed by drifting sands, especially along the original road that runs NE to SW through the central part. The original harbour is still in good condition and is located on the north-western side.
A wide variety of wildlife is on the island, including ducks, terns, waders and otters. Grazed (possibly overgrazed) by cattle and horses during the summer months.
Good camping all over but probably best on the north-western side, in a little bay at L790-288, a couple of hundred metres SW of the quay. No water found.
Ilaunmaan – Oileán Meana
L827-276 Sheet 44
Small, low-lying rocky island with grassy
top lying mid-way between Ardmore Point and Illauneeragh. Landing onto rocky shelves
at NW corner and possibly onto a shingle beach at periods of HW at same
locality. Grazed by Sheep. Tides run strongly
around the island. Small cairn on its highest point. Evidence of breeding Common and Great Black Backed Gull and
roosting spot for Cormorant and Shags. Useful way-stop
(even lunch point) for kayakers touring outer
Bertraghboy Bay Area
Cuan na Beirtrí Buí
The following half dozen or so islands are in or outside
The bay fills from HW Galway 0520 to +0100.
L768-271 Sheet 44
Low-lying and barely grassed islet, with little shelter, and camping only for the truly desperate, immediately S of Mweenish Island. There is a landing that is vaguely sheltered on the NE side in an inlet that is better formed at the lower part of the tide. The highest point on the island is near the landing and has a low cairn, which is generally topped off with a marker to be readily visible for local boats over a wide area. The islet dries to expose quite a large area of boulder beach.
A drowning tragedy of October 2004 claimed 5 lives and the trawler wreck now dominates the SW corner and makes a sad sight. Debris all across SW corner. Another 100 metres to seaward and they would cleared the reef.
L764-294 Sheet 44
A large, well-populated Gaelteacht island, 9km SE of the entrance to
One Corncrake was heard singing here in 2003.
Mweenish is the home place of the Galway Hooker, the traditional wooden,
gaff-rigged, tumble-homed sailing boat of the W coast of
One such hooker, the Saint Patrick, built on Mweenish in 1906 and skippered
by Paddy Barry, crossed the Atlantic in 1986, and has since gone to
Paddy Barry went on to achieve even more fame by negotiating
Landing and Camping
There are several working piers and quays, but the points of greatest
interest to kayakers are the three beaches. The nicest is at L764-294 in the
SW-facing elbow of the island, with good camping on machair in the dunes behind
the beach, and good parking. This beach would be the best embarkation point for
Mason - Oileán Máisean or MacDara’s
L745-295 Sheet 44
Mason is 8km SE of the entrance to
Landing and Camping
Land virtually anywhere on N / NE / E sides. The best camping is probably in the NE. Camping is possible at other locations, but as cattle graze the island, be sensible.
The best launching point for Mason or MacDara’s is the beach in the
SW-facing elbow of
Saint MacDara’s Island
Oileán Mhic Dara
L723-299 Sheet 44
A most attractive island, 7km S of the entrance to
Named Cruach na Cara on the OS 1:50,000 map, but nobody calls it that.
It is uninhabited. 300 Barnacle Goose were found here in April 1994, but whether they were waystopping or wintering is not known. It is a place of annual pilgrimage on the 16th July every year. Saint MacDara is the patron saint of Galway Hookers, which always dip their sails when passing the island. The church is of 12th Century construction. The roof fell in during the 19th Century and was restored in 1977.
Landing and Camping
Land at an attractive, sheltered, sandy beach on the eastern side below the church. There is excellent camping by the beach. There is another landing on the SE, S of the spit, on a pebble beach, necessary perhaps in easterly or north-easterly wind.
The best launching point for Mason or MacDara’s is the beach in the
SW-facing elbow of
Croaghnakeela - Cruach na Caoile
L690-324 Sheet 44
Croaghnakeela is also called
A small, automated lighthouse near the southern point is a useful
distinguishing feature from seaward. It provides the only readily
distinguishable feature W of Golam Head signal tower for those on passage from
The landing, onto large boulders on the eastern side of a shallow bay by a bothy, is unattractive. It is better sheltered on lower tides. On higher tides, there is a possible alternative landing in a small rocky cut, midway along the northern side.
Inishbigger - Inis Bigir
L741-347 Sheet 44
This unremarkable little island lies off a beautiful beach, 5km WNW of Carna
village, on the outer, eastern side of the entrance to
Embarkation and Landing
It is not really possible to camp and no water was found. The softest landing is on the landward, eastern side. Embark from a car park in the centre of a beautiful beach at L746-339, beside a graveyard and abandoned church.
Freaghillaun - Fraochoileán
L735-352 Sheet 44
A surprisingly attractive, small, sheep-grazed island, lying on the outer,
eastern side of the entrance to
Embarkation and Landing
As for Inishbigger, embark from the car park in the centre of the beach at L746-339. Land onto lovely sandy beaches on both sides of a sheltered spit at the eastern point of the island. Camping is immediately above the beach.
Inishtreh - Inis Troighe
L739-371 Sheet 44
This is an unattractive, flat, ungrazed lump of heather, gorse and reeds, in
a beautiful setting. It guards the eastern side of the entrance to
Inishlackan - Inis Leacan
L722-377 Sheet 44
An attractive, low island in the mouth of
Inishlackan is distinguished from the land by a conspicuous, rectangular, water-tank structure on the highest point of the N side of the island. There is water in rain barrels outside most houses. Water used to be pumped by a windmill (now ruined) from a walled pond up to the nearby water storage tank.
Formerly inhabited, it is now occasionally so in summer. The first summer dwelling was a restored schoolhouse in the NE corner above the harbour / beach. By 2005 there were up to half a dozen holiday homes, for that niche market. At least one of them was seriously well appointed, at the W end, complete with solar panels and well laikd out grounds.
There is a large, shell-midden in sand hills at the NE corner of the island, by the schoolhouse.
Inishlackan is a good stopover with easy access to the extremely pretty Roundstone village. Roundstone is a posh tourist centre, with pubs, restaurants, and some shops, but is poorly provisioned. It is the centre for intense tourist use of this stretch of mainland coast. The island is worth the visit.
Landing and Embarkation
Land in many places but it is best at a very sheltered pier with a sandy beach by the NE corner. There are rocky shores on almost all sides, with reefs offlying. Circumnavigation is iffiest at the SW corner.
There is camping near the pier and elsewhere.
The mainland embarkation is from a pier at Erlough at L717-386, in a bay about 1km to the N of the island, reached by taking the first left turn after the Garda Station as one leaves Roundstone for Ballyconneely.
Inishnee - Inis Ní
L735-383 Sheet 44
The island has a population of 30. It almost fills the western part of
The island has a rocky shore all around. There are no sandy beaches. The eastern side is quite interesting in that there are a large number of small, hand-built little harbours and jetties. These are now all disused, and at times, may only be identified at close quarters. One may land on the E coast almost anywhere. The S/SW coast is steeper and landing is not so easy. The northern and western shores may be used to land, but involve carries over uneven ground. Water may be obtained from houses on the island. There are no shops.
Tides are strong on the western side and may be up to 1.5kn just at and S of the bridge, where there are some shallows.
L748-389 Sheet 44
This very small island inside the bay and E of Inishnee has no evidence of previous habitation or of water. The coast is rocky all around, but totally weed covered, so landings may be effected quite easily. At present, there are two wooden huts on the island.
Illaunurra - Oileán Ura
L587-403 Sheet 44
Illaunurra is 15km W of the entrance to
Embarkation and Landing
Embark from the E-facing beach, sheltered by
There is a sandy beach with camping on the northern tip of the island, and several storm beaches. The landing place of choice must be a sheltered sand/storm beach at the SE. Immediately above it is manageable camping, greater privacy, and abundant firewood.
There are sheep, Dunlin and Mallard.
Oileán na Muiríleach
L578-413 Sheet 44
NW of Illaunurra, Strawbeach is easiest reached from a pretty, W-facing strand at L585-417, less than 1km to the NE. This is a wee gem of a pleasant, sheep-grazed islet, giving unexpected privacy just off a crowded beach. There is a dependable sandy beach landing in a lagoon on the eastern side. Camp anywhere. No water. Ringed Plover.
SW of Strawbeach, Horse appears as pleasantly grassy, but isn’t. It is an
unexpectedly large expanse of rock, with very sparse vegetation. Surprisingly,
rabbits are living here, but must be the hungriest of their kind in
An impressive collection of rugged islets, lying 14km SSW of the entrance to
As one approaches from the N, the combined mass appears to be one. In fact, the group consists of a series of high, rocky islands, separated by narrow channels. The channels divide the mass into blocks, mainly Skerdmore and Skerdbeg, each with off lying rocks. Outliers are Dún Godail, Dúleic and Dún Pádraig. Skerdmore is by far the largest and highest block, to the SW, and Skerdbeg next biggest, to its NE. The OS sheet is confusing in this regard. Skerdmore has impressive bulk and climbs to nearly 20m. It is bigger in area than one would at first expect.
The nearest launching point is 11km NW at the beach in the elbow of
The layout of the group is quite complicated. Skerdmore is rather horseshoe-shaped and faces E. Skerdbeg lies off the mouth made by its prongs, creating a reasonably sheltered interior embayment. There are rocks and hummocks lying off both islets, including a set that runs E/W from Skerdbeg towards the middle of Skerdmore, thereby dividing the interior embayment into two on its N and S. The northern embayment is accessible from the N, and the southern one is much more easily entered from the S.
The two embayments are joined by narrow channels, the most navigable of which is towards the eastern side. The two large embayments thus produced may not be passable from N to S at extreme LW but are easily so at other levels. Kayaking through the channels is quite possible in calm conditions but the entire area has an aura of danger, and is probably quite hazardous in swell.
A Spanish trawler, the ‘Arosa’, went aground and was shipwrecked on nearby Doonguddle at L672-243 on 3rd October 2000 in a storm. Of the crew of 13, only one was saved. 2 others were taken off alive but died en route to hospital. Of the 10 that drowned, only 4 bodies were recovered, 6 being lost altogether.
Breeding Herring Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Shag, Black Guillemot and possibly Oystercatcher. Grey Seals.
Skerdmore - Sceirde Mór
L660-248 Sheet 44
Both islands have deep-water landings, although they are quite manageable as such landings go. Onto Skerdmore, the southern embayment affords the best landing in a long narrow geo or cut that runs deep into the heart of the island, under the highest point. Landing is also possible in a similar cut into the northern embayment.
Skerdbeg - Sceirde Bheag
L663-248 Sheet 44
Skerdbeg is split into at least three separate blocks by narrow channels, the widest and most navigable of which lies between the two most westerly blocks. Landing is possible, and probably best at LW to half tide, in the extreme north-eastern corner in a narrow cut, although considerable surge has been experienced. This island is a rugged, rocky mass that gains height towards the SW. It is separated from the next islet to the W by an extremely narrow channel that may just be passable by kayak in calm conditions.
Slyne Head to
Ceann Léime go dtí an Chaol Sháile Rua
Slyne Head - Ceann Léime
Slyne Head is a major headland and divides the west coast of Galway and Mayo
The more interesting route W towards Illaunamid passes through the chain of
islands. These are divided by sounds where strong tidal currents and overfalls
occur, and are formidable in wind over tide conditions. The area between
The nearest departure point is approximately 3km E on the
Parking may dictate a start further E at the totally dependable
A trip N around the headland adds a certain interest and variation to the trip. The nearest alternative landing to the NE is at Stackport at L556-434, 1km NE of the coastal headland inside Slyne Head. This landing is a 1.5km road walk W from the Trá Mhóir put-in. Irish Lights used this quay for ferrying goods to the island, but the road is now through a series of gates, and may be private, so please ask for permission before taking your car down to the pier. The landing is difficult to see from seaward, but is close to two small houses.
More dependable is Doonloughan at L569-453, but there is limited parking.
Easiest perhaps on this side is at the head of
HW and LW are as for
In these sounds, the main W coast tidal stream prevails so the flood makes N at HW Galway -0320, and the ebb makes S at HW Galway +0305. Both streams run at 3kn in springs. However, locals say that in this area, the N-going stream is stronger and runs for longer in each tidal cycle. Often, adverse tidal streams can be avoided to a certain extent by using the eddies that develop on the downstream side of the archipelago.
Illaunamid - Oileán Imill
L514-412 Sheet 44
This island is best known for its western headland, Slyne Head or Ceann
Léime, and its lighthouse at L514-412. Illaunamid means ‘
The most obvious feature of the island is the two lighthouses. Both were built in 1836. One is unused. The other flashes twice, every 15 seconds. For the story of these lighthouses and their people, read Bill Long’s excellent ‘Bright Light, White Water’. Tales include drowning tragedies during the building of the lighthouses, drowning of keepers, alleged murder of Irish Lights’ personnel on the island, shipwrecked sailors stealing boats and dismissal of keepers for drunkenness. Three big sets of solar panels are now connected into the lighthouse complex, along the southern wall.
However, other features not mentioned in the book show that the keepers’ lives were not all misery. For instance, in the mid-90s, the remnants of a mini-golf course were to be seen, just to the S of the lighthouse. Alas, this is no longer evident. There is also an unusual model of a lighthouse, complete with crane, on a rock in a brackish pond. The elaborate model is the strangest sight here. It is N of the path between the lighthouse complex and the quay. It was refurbished in 2005. The model also has a small extra and easily missed feature - an outlying channel buoy in the extreme E end of the large pond. The effect of the relatively small model within the large pond/rock pool is quite realistic.
The rock of the island is metamorphic (gneiss).
The island is attractive with a remote feel to it. However, the impression of neglect and decay is strong around the unused lighthouse complex. The functioning lighthouse received a general clean up and was looking well in 2005. The quality of the building work in the network of houses and workrooms around the older lighthouse is impressive. Some of the fireplace mantles and capping stones are of beautifully worked granite. The assortment of debris and flotsam and jetsam, both around the lighthouse and on the storm beaches, does provide diversion for avid beachcombers. The island merits an overnight.
Wildlife includes seals and rabbits. Breeding birds include Cormorant, Shag,
Arctic Tern, Wheatear, Meadow & Rock Pipit, Raven, Skylark, Oystercatcher
and Ringed Plover. It is the best seabird and cetacean watching point in
There are two landing areas, both of which are only dependable in low swell conditions.
The first, and more reliable, is at a quay on the E end of the island at L518-410. It is easily spotted by a small pump-house and crane, formerly used to transfer fuel oil to the lighthouse. If the waves are too much at the quay, there is a small gully a few yards S. It leads to a small coral strand, more accessible on the top half of the tide. It is accessible at lower water, but only onto boulders. The gully is very narrow, admitting one kayak at a time. A less attractive alternative is a larger boulder beach on the N side of the quay.
The second landing area is on the N side of the island, close to the W end and the lighthouse itself in a cove at L515-412. This small cove has the attractive name of Fuaigh na gCaccanai (Cove of the (Cormorant) Shite)! This landing is only reliable in calm conditions when all weather is coming from the S. There are steps cut in the stone towards the centre of the cove. On the W side there is a rock-choked passage topped by a concrete bridge leading to other steps. In both landing spots care must be taken to lift boats well clear of rogue waves and rising tide.
There are sheltered flat areas suitable for camping near the outbuildings of the older, disused lighthouse. The walk from the E landing to the lighthouse requires quite a bit of ferrying of gear. Camping is also available S of the E landing over the first hummock. Although not as protected as by the lighthouse, it is fine for reasonable weather conditions.
L531-410 Sheet 44
Chapel is a lovely island with pleasant camping and a hint of fresh water in slightly brackish pools. The 12th Century chapel founded by Saint Caillin at L531-410 itself is interesting, and boasts a collection teapot. In early 2003 there were no Euro coins yet evident, but in 2005 there were a few, probably indicating that not many pass this way. There is a lovely attractive bothy at a tidal lagoon on the S side, found in 2005 to have been done up.
The main landing on
In March 2003, the following species were seen. An asterisk after the name indicates that they were probably breeding. There were seen 50+ Purple Sandpiper which is a nationally important number. There were also 40+ Oystercatcher*, 30+ Ringed Plover*, 10 Redshank, 1 Merlin, 6 Shelduck*, Raven, Skylark, Black Guillemot, Shag, and 20+ Swallow*.
In March 2003, there were 40+ Grey Seal.
At the same time on Chapel, 3 male and 1 female Eider were seen, and on
nearby Horse Island another male, suggesting breeding. This would, if proven,
be the southernmost outpost of breeding Eider on
L527-407 Sheet 44
Ferroon Rocks is bigger than the name suggests and is a
pleasant mixture of craggy outcrops and grassy hollows with steeper cliffs on
its E and S flanks. Landing is at a small boulder beach at NW corner that faces
the landing on
L 533-413 Sheet 44
Rocky and steep with grassy summit. Land onto rock shelves on E
/ NE corners. The OS map differs from Robinson’s as to which island of
the three in this locality is mall Garve (Meall
Garve). Landing took place onto the middle island separated by a narrow
channel from smaller narrower islet immediately to its E. Breeding Shag, Herring and Great Black Backed
Gulls. Good views of the geography of the bigger Chapel and
L536-415 Sheet 44
The eastern island of the middle group of islands. It deserves exploration.
Duck is higher and craggier than its immediate neighbours. Tides flow strongly through its many thin channels, which would confuse any navigator.
There are breeding Shag and Black Guillemot on the steep eastern side. 40 pairs of Shag nest in the eastern gully at the waist.
Landing and Camping
Landing may generally be possible onto boulders / shelves in a sheltered cut on the NE corner. Camping might be bearable, just. No water found.
Doonawaul - Dún na bhFál
L543-420 Sheet 44
Unattractive uninteresting little brother of Illaunaleama.
Deep water landing only onto shelves to suit.
Illaunaleama - Oileán na Léime
L548-419 Sheet 44
Closest of all the goups to the mainland, this is a beautiful island, only a narrow passage separating it from the mainland to the E. Sheep grazed and short grassed, even the rocks are scoured smooth, and no other Irish coastal island deems shoes more redundant. There is a very pleasant sandy beach facing E to the mainland, onto which land. There is also a storm beach landing on the W side, with a sheep pen above, a working environment. Camp pleasantly, but water was not found.
Doonloughan is a beautiful mainland area of machair and beach, with a
sprinkling of houses, about 7km NE of Slyne Head. The four islands described here
are important as they create a sheltered inside channel. This is useful to know
of in the context of a passage from Slyne Head to
The inside channel is impassable at the lower part of the tide.
Enter from the south-western Slyne Head side via the open bay inside Inishkeeragh. There is a little quay at L569-453 on this side
Enter from the north-eastern
Camping by either pier is excellent, but better at the latter, which suits those heading N (but see also comments on Inishkeeragh below). It is important if arriving at evening time to choose a campsite with open water available in the direction of travel the following morning. If necessary, wait to camp until the channels connect. No water found at either location, but ask at the houses.
The middle channels entering this inner area on either side of Illaunamenara should be avoided in all conditions as they are foul, a vast area of reefs and boomers.
Inishkeeragh - Inis Caorach
L557-449 Sheet 44
Lovely grassy, sausage-shaped island that demarcates the entrance to the inside Doonloughan channel from the SW. There is a beautiful little beach at L557-449 with a lovely campsite in a prominent little bay near the north-eastern tip, on the landward side. This is a more private camping option than the mainland at Doonloughan itself.
Oileán na Meannán
L555-453 Sheet 44
The most remote and western of the four, this island is pleasant to walk
around. It gives awesome views of the crashing waves working the reefs outside
in the open ocean. It may be reached on the lower half of the tide on foot
L565-453 Sheet 44
A group of fragmented grassy mounds grazed by cattle. Accessible on foot at the lower half of the tide, and via these islands to either outer island. A sandbar stretches through these islets and divides the navigable inside channel.
Inishdugga - Inis Duga
L567-458 Sheet 44
Pleasant grazed island that shelters the north-eastern channel described above, opposite the pier. Landings are numerous all along eastern and north-eastern flanks, some well protected from Atlantic swell, onto sand and gravel beaches. There is some evidence of habitation, now in ruins, at the north-eastern end. There are traces of a small circular building and a few low walls. There were 250+ Golden Plover in March 2003.
L580-524 Sheet 37
Evacuated in 1978. Nowadays the houses are mostly used as summer homes. Land on a sandy beach, just E of the sheltered slip. The landing is in a bay on the eastern end of the N side. There is attractive and convenient camping on machair in the dunes behind the beach. There is water in a well.
A road running E to W bisects the island. The former habitation was mostly on the northern shore.
Two Corncrake sang in 2003.
Eeshal Island - An tOileán Íseal
L562-529 Sheet 37
A small low, grassy island grazed by sheep, just WSW of Inishturk. Landing is possible onto boulders on the south-eastern side in a shallow bay. 26 Mallard and 4 Common Scoter were seen on 12th September 1999.
Inishturk - Inis Toirc
L573-531 Sheet 37
An attractive island, identified by a small hill with an RT mast on the top.
It is just NW of the mouth of
In 1991, there was a single holiday home. In 2003, there were 12. Camping is available, but the welcome may dwindle if too many visit. There is an alternative landing place on the north-eastern side. It is secluded, on a sandy beach at the foot of an attractive, formerly cultivated valley. There is limited camping, which is sheltered from the SW.
Formerly a Corncrake island, they were gone in 2003.
L564-554 Sheet 37
This island is accessible to vehicles on all but the highest parts of the tide. A lake dominates the interior of the island. There is a ruined church and graveyard all smothered in sand, on the northern side at L565-563. Human remains are visible which are being archeologically investigated by Dúchas. A lovely, worthwhile island not to be missed.
Landing and Camping
The inside passage at L575-562 dries midtide in the north-eastern corner. Landings are possible along much of shore on the northern and eastern sides on either side of the dry area.
Also, at L573-551, there is an attractive small beach in a small cove just W of the SE corner. However, it is a bit exposed, and not very suitable for overnighting. No water.
At L564-554 on the western side of the island, there is a sheltered beach in a deep bay, which is much better. There is excellent, remote, machair camping. There is water in a streamlet 500m NW of the beach.
4 Corncrake were heard in 2003.
L632-530 Sheet 37
Small, grass and fern covered island in the middle of inner
L647-604 Sheet 37
An attractive, small island at the mouth of
Illaunananima Oileán an Anama
L642-657 Sheet 37
The name means ‘
L679-653 Sheet 37
Crump means ‘
The story goes that when deciding where to draw the county boundary between
Editor’s Note: Crump is included with the W-facing
Illaunmore - Oileán Mór
L751-647 Sheet 37
A tidal island, just S of the entrance to Little Killary Bay. Though shown on the OS map as well off the shore, it is joined for half the tide by a sand bar to the mainland, at a beautiful crescent shaped, N-facing beach, known locally as Glassilawn. The island actually forms the outer part of this beach, appearing merely as a headland from most angles. Nice views. It has a holding tank for fish. A PADI scuba-diving school and rescue possibilities are all at the head of Little Killary, the bay opening to the E of this islet.
L535-551 Sheet 37
The name means ‘The Stack’. This is a large, exposed haystack-shaped lump of
a heathery fern and grass island, out west of Omey. At over 63m, it is almost
as high as
L524-578 Sheet 37
This island is split into three or four sections, providing interesting exploration. On the north-eastern side, at the centre of the fragmentation, there is a sheltered storm beach. It is dependably easy to land on, and from which the interior may be explored. A beautiful place. The drying area shown on the 1:50,000 OS map to the E is actually a pronounced heathery/grassy knoll and gives shelter at all times. Well worth the visit.
L507-576 Sheet 37
The difficulty of landing sets
Midway along the SE side is a prominent cove, backed by huge cliffs under the highest part of the island. Landing is best about 200m E of this in a boulder choked cove. The back of the cove is shown on the OS sheet as having a ‘Cross Slab’. The landing cove is where the lower ground to the eastern end of the island begins to rise towards the centre, and where the island is narrowest and most waisted. Kayaks may well land onto the boulders and scramble airily to the plateau above.
On the E side of the cove is a hard-rock landing for boats, at which surge is limited and the scramble to the plateau above is much easier. There is a ring for a shoreline, and an out-haul anchor is recommended. Kayakers might consider landing even one boat at this spot, in case conditions deteriorate while ashore.
There is a second landing point reported, just E of the SW tip of the island at L503-571. Clinker boats might manage better here, but it is a bit exposed for kayaks. If manageable, it is closer to the monastic ruins on the island and might thus be preferred by some. It is directly underneath the smaller of the two island lakes.
Camp at will. Water in the lakes appears stagnant but looks better in the streamlets E of centre.
There are the ancient 7th Century ruins of an early Christian beehive hut,
monastery and chapel, said to have been founded by Saint Feichin of
Peregrine, Chough, Storm & Leach’s Petrel, Barnacle Goose.
In 2003, there were Raven, Twite, Black Guillemot, Skylark and Meadow Pipit.
Inishshark Inis Airc
L501-640 Sheet 37
The name means ‘
The island is home to 70 or 80 Barnacle Goose each winter. Bonxie also breed here.
There is an interesting, small burial ground at the harbour and a small
derelict 19th Century chapel, which is called
Inishshark lies WSW of and is separated from Inishbofin by Ship Sound. The island has large cliffs and sea stacks on the western side. Big breakers and reflecting waves are the norm out the back of the island, providing an interesting and committing circumnavigation. The crossing of Ship Sound can be treacherous with contrary winds and many shallows, which may boom.
Landing and Camping
Land inside a protective but otherwise unusable pier below the abandoned village on the eastern end of the S coast. The landing is onto a steep slipway or stony storm beach beside the slipway. Alternatively, use a very narrow cut providing a dependable soft landing about 100m E of the pier. The camping is excellent. The water in the well looks a little dodgy.
Inishskinnymore - Inis Scine Mór
L513-641 Sheet 37
This is the larger of two islands, midway across the south-eastern entrance to Ship Sound. Inishskinnymore is low, sheep-grazed, short-grassed, and altogether quite a pleasant 3/4 hectares. There is a lovely sandy beach on the northern side. A pebble beach in the SE has the best camping potential.
Inishskinnybeg - Inis Scine Beag
L512-645 Sheet 37
A small, isolated satellite of Inishskinnymore, Inishskinnybeg lies just to its N. A sandy beach faces SE and other storm beaches lie to the N and W. Long grass testifies that no animals graze, but camping is just possible between the storm beaches.
Inishgort Inis Goirt
L503-629 Sheet 37
The name means ‘Bitter’ or ‘Salty’ island. Inishgort is a farmed, grassy island of 10 hectares or so, SE of Inishshark. There are landing places at stony beaches in bays on either side of a waist just N of the southern point.
Sheep grazed. Uninhabited. Good camping. No water.
An Buachal - The Boy
L478-645 Sheet 37
An Buachal is a huge vertical stack, lying about halfway along the western side of Inishshark. It is said to have been a target for the young turks of Inishshark, who would come of age climbing it. Certainly, there is a cairn on top. It is nationally renowned as a scuba-diving spot because its walls drop 45m straight to the bottom. Climbers may enjoy the vertical 65m above the high water mark.
Landing and climbing
In the right conditions, one may land easily onto shelves on the southern side. The stack is well sheltered by the cliffs of Inishshark from anywhere E, really from SSE round to NE.
To climb, strike out for the south-eastern ridge. Once gained, immediately follow horizontal ledges all the way to the south-western ridge. Scramble with caution and patience up the south-western side of the summit pinnacle. A more elegant line, but somewhat delicate, is to follow the south-eastern ridge directly to the summit pinnacle.
Inishbofin Inis Bo Finne
L540-648 Sheet 37
The name means ‘
Inishbofin is a large attractive English-speaking island, popular with tourists. The grid reference is for the new main pier. The village area is well spread out, ribbon fashion, along the shore of the S-facing harbour and bay area.
The sea state at the entrance to the main harbour and bay can be very rough for tidal reasons. Two white towers on the island face the entrance to the main harbour, on a bearing of 032o (true), and lead in through the safest entry point. The entrance can boom in heavy swell to either side of the best route. The best landing for small craft is behind the old pier further into the bay than the new pier.
In emergency or on circumnavigation, there are landings on every side of the island, but fewest in the N.
Watch for Dun Na hInine (Daughter’s Fort), an almost detached stack at the NW point. Otherwise, the circumnavigation is interesting if undramatic by local standards. The most turbulence may be expected at Ship Sound and around the Stags of Bofin in the NW at L505-670.
There is good camping with easy landing and privacy at L537-644. This is by the ruined fort at the harbour mouth, opposite the village. Access to the village area is easiest by sea, given there is a substantial walk around. Any campsite on the (convenient) village side of the main harbour will lack privacy.
For a longer stay, camping is undoubtedly best made around at the eastern
end of the island, in the horseshoe shaped bay, which has a very pretty beach
for a nice soft landing, very sheltered, but a bit public. The end of the beach
where Inishlyon meets Inishbofin used to be popular but is no longer allowed.
Coastal erosion defence measures are being put in place in the form of newly
planted Marram grass. This landing spot necessitates a long walk to camp or
stay at Day’s Hostel at L543-653 (095 45855), not to mention the pub and the
good shop. The nearness to almost the best seafood restaurant in
Inishbofin was always a Corncrake stronghold, but there were only 14 recorded in 1988. By 1994, there were none. The good news is that 5 were serenading in 2003.
Inishlyon Inis Laighean
L560-647 Sheet 37
The name means ‘Strip of Land’. A small island, just SE of and separated
from Inishbofin at HW. The best landing is onto the beach at the western end of
the N side (facing the beautiful E
Davillaun - Damhoileán
L588-662 Sheet 37
Called locally Ox or
L759-659 Sheet 37
Barna means ‘gap’. This craggy island is well named, as it lies in the very
Land easily on Inishbarna onto a small stony beach at L762-658 on the eastern side, just under and NE of a ruined bothy. There are great views from the summit.
The tide runs in for 6 hrs from HW Galway 0500. It reaches 0.5kn until Bundorragha, and then increases to 1.5kn approaching the Erriff River, NE of Leenane.
Inishdegil Beg (Carrignaglamph)
L740-674 Sheet 37
Small grassy island just NE of Inishdegil More. Landing place on sheltered storm beach on SE facing side. Sheep, ruin, views. Purple Sandpiper.
L735-672 Sheet 37
A tiny gem of a formerly inhabited island. Grassy and rocky with outliers.
Incredibly, people lived here until the 1940s. It lies a couple of kilometres
directly outside the mouth of
The landing place is onto a gravely beach in a cove on the north-eastern side, under ruined houses. Camping is at the houses, with water in a well behind the middle ruin, which may or may not be drinkable. Approach this landing via the main channel through the group. There is also a storm beach just SW of the northern tip. Landing is sometimes possible onto boulders in a creek on the western side. There is a similar landing on the southern side.
L718-690 Sheet 37
L708-698 Sheet 37
Lying 6km NW of the mouth of
Landing on the island itself is all but impossible, although sheep do graze. However, a forced landing is often possible in moderate conditions on the flat tidal rocks to the S where a low, central lagoon is sheltered by higher, drying rocks to either side. Entrance to the lagoon from either side is via a narrow channel. This landing would be acceptable as a waystop in calm conditions, or an emergency stop in less favourable conditions, but only on the lower half of the tide.
Far preferable for waystop or emergency is Inishdegil. The ground to the N
and NW outside Frehill towards
breaks in wind. This inshore passage between Killary and Roonah is strictly for good weather only. In any kind of westerly swell, there are many breakers around the island. If paddling past, it’s best to keep close to the N-facing shore. Particular attention should be paid to Carrick McHugh, a rock 3 cables N of the island. The island is privately owned and particular care should be taken to leave absolutely no litter, to ensure continued use for all.
L633-721 Sheet 37
Inishdalla is a small grassy island, lying just 2km SE of Inishturk. The 1968 Pilot says it has a moderately soft landing on a sandy beach. The beach is in a cove at the northern side of the E end. There are also deep-water landings reported in narrow, rocky inlets on the northern side. Uninhabited, its main interest is its large colony of grey seals. No water found, but there is flat grass for camping.
L619-749 Sheet 37
There were once up to 180 people resident on the island, and now there are less than 100. The island children all go away to secondary school as teenagers. This is one of the most rugged and remote of all the inhabited islands off the W coast. Until recently, there was no regular ferry, but long overdue perhaps, Inishturk got a new ferry on September 16th 1997. This is probably the most significant ‘Irish Offshore Island Development’ for many years, and it’s hoped that the needs of islands and islanders are at last being taken seriously.
Operating out of Cleggan and Roonah Quay, this ferry also has a real
significance for kayakers, as the homeward trip becomes possible even if the
weather kicks up overnight. Those who sail small boats off the W coast of
There are fantastic high cliffs at the back of the island. The western side of the island can cut up very rough and care should be taken to avoid breakers up to 100m W of the cliffs. In mirror-calm conditions or offshore easterly winds, the back of the island has huge cliffs to explore. Care should also be taken at the N of the island where fierce downdraughts can be experienced beneath the two high points.
There are B&Bs, pubs, and basic shops. There is a splendid circular roadway to walk. This goes inland, up the valley from the harbour, and back anticlockwise by the southern side. Generally, the walking on the island is very good. The N and W are dramatically cliffy. Near the north-eastern tip is a blowhole, the seaward end of which emerges through a penetrable boulderchoke, giving a scuba dive of great quality.
Formerly a Corncrake stronghold, there were 26 pairs counted in 1988. Paddlers heard at least one in 1992, but they were all gone by 1994.
The landing place is in the main village and harbour on the eastern side, which is sheltered. Also, landing is possible at beaches just S of the main harbour, if necessary. Off the mouth of the harbour is a bar, which can give a sporting arrival or departure. But the water inside or outside the bar is well sheltered. In the Great War, the Royal Navy favoured this as an anchorage.
A narrow cut in rocks yields a superbly sheltered natural harbour, halfway along the southern coast. Camping is easy, but it is a good walk to the pub.
L650-755 Sheet 37
A small islet lying SW of Caher. The island is overpopulated with sheep throughout the summer. Deep-water landing is possible through an inlet on the north-eastern side.
Caher Island - Oileán na Cathrach
L665-759 Sheet 37
A must for the passage maker, Caher is 8km out from the shore and 11km SW of Roonah Quay. On the SE of the island is a brackish lake and on the NW high point is a well - St. Patrick’s Well. The island is uninhabited and ‘belongs’ to Inishturk, the people of which have the commonage grazing here. There is a fine 5th Century monastic ruin and crosses, close to the landing, which are used for the annual pilgrimage to and ‘pattern’ on the island. A pattern is an ancient rural Irish Catholic prayer tradition.
A circular wall 1.5m high and 20m in diameter, now broken in places, forms a "cashel". Inside is a wee oratory. The island is the alleged resting place of Saint Patrick. His bed is outside the oratory, a flat stone half covered in mud and grass. The ‘floating’ stone is still there in the oratory, and will always return to the island, even if stolen. And beware the thief, whose boat will sink. There is also an ancient prayer/wishing bowl.
The monks lived in terror of the Vikings from 800 or so to about 1,000. By 1,500 they had Algerine slavers to worry about. All the while they starved in winter. Their faith must have been enduring.
Landing and Camping
Land on the SE, or at
L744-808 Sheet 30
L715-852 Sheet 30
14.1 sq.km. A beautiful, large, high, dramatic, inhabited island, dominating
the mouth of
Landing and Camping
Land by the pier at L715-852 by the main harbour near the SE tip. The pier is just by an old, square castle, being one-time HQ of pirate-queen Granuaile who ruled the western seaboard. Camping is possible by the pier or in a field behind the beach.
L693-843 This is a significant landing on a gravel beach beside a broken pier. It is about halfway along the S coast at Portnakilly. It is not apparent until close and is situated below a conspicuous church and ruined 12th Century Abbey. This has been recently restored. It is early Cistercian, pre-Norman, pre-English and pre-Granuaile. There is a well-stocked Coop shop, but it is a long way to the pub at the harbour.
L703-877 Near the northern tip of the island, landing is also possible on the north-eastern side, about 1km SE of the tip, in a well-sheltered cove. The cove is about halfway between a prominent boulder beach and the disused but conspicuous lighthouse on the northern point of the island. Landing is onto a steep slip, or onto a sheltered breakwater. This landing is of interest on circumnavigation, or for its green road giving convenient access to the interior.
A circumnavigation is a memorable experience, but a serious undertaking. There are long sections without reliable landings, particularly from Portnakilly on the southern side, all the way through the SW and N to the landing spot on the NE. There is an inlet on the southern side of the island, 1km E of the south-western tip. Locally called Lackwee, it is exposed to the SW but otherwise sheltered
Tides flooding into
As a result, both passages, and particularly the northern side, kick up when the ebb is against the prevailing westerlies. If on passage N, catching the flood combines well with the tides into and through Achill Sound. But care is needed on passage S for the reasons given above.
Flora and Fauna
Robert Lloyd Praeger the greatest ever Irish naturalist, organised probably
the greatest ever survey of a particular area ever conducted in
In the 16th century, Grace O’Malley – Gránúaile –
sea-queen of western
Famously, she sailed to
The Islands of
L935-863 Sheet 31
A detailed examination of the islands of
The islands of
Essentially, these islands are the most western tip of
These islands are in the prettiest of locations. They are sandwiched between
the mighty coneshaped Croagh Patrick to the S and the Nephins to the N. Croagh
Patrick is known all over as ‘the Reek’, a reek being a haycock, or also a
stack of turf. The Nephins are probably the remotest and wildest mainland hills
It is widely believed in
Only some of the islands are inhabited, and no water has been found on any uninhabited ones. There is probably a connection. Island More and Knocky Cahillaun are the largest. Inish
gort has a lighthouse. John Lennon bought Dorinish in 1969 and a commune thrived there for a while. Many of the islands are interconnected by reefs at lower tides, and many others are almost so, making seagoing journeys amongst them less trouble on the top half of the tide. The big worry is being caught on mud on a falling tide, unable to walk or float out of trouble.
Access is from anywhere near
A different island may be chosen each night. Beware that navigation needs careful map reading and getting lost is more than possible, necessitating landing and a stroll to the nearest summit to reorientate. There are a few derelict crofts. Black Guillemot, waders, Grey Wagtails, and all the usual bird and plant life abound. A single Corncrake was heard in 2001.
There is no committed or exposed paddling, although beware of the tidal race
on the ebb at the Inishgort lighthouse at L901-875. Beachcombing on low tides
is a must. Local HW/LW is about
‘L’ shaped, high mountains mark the scenery all along the SW side. Only in the far NE corner is there flat land.
At Keel, there is a substantial machair, and behind it is the most populated
part of the island where there are pubs, restaurants, and all amenities.
Two-thirds of the way down the W side is Dooega, a sheltered harbour, and at
the S tip lies
The E shore on the edge of Achill Sound is low and boggy. Near the S end of
the sound is a Granuaile castle worth visiting. The RNLI station is close by.
Midway up the sound is the bridge at the
On the N coast is the hamlet of Doogort, under
L720-924 Sheet 30
Formerly inhabited. Good camping. Attractive. A fertile valley links two ice
rounded hills. There is a row of cottages on the northern slope of the valley
and a disused schoolhouse on the southern side. In 1959, there were 8 pupils,
all brothers and sisters. The population was never more than 117. There were
100 in 1900, and this was down to 67 in 1936 when the remaining people resisted
evacuation and resettlement on
Dun Kilmore on a forked headland on the western side, is a triple fort with the outer, easterly, section at F709-926. The two inner citadels are on the two branches at F707-927 and F706-926. Dun Kilmore is said to be the most elaborate promontory fort of the W Coast. It was started in the early Iron Age, and was inhabited by many cultures over a long period up to early Christian times. It is somewhat dilapidated through incessant Atlantic assault. Find it by walking W along the northern side of the waist, past a storm beach and under a cliff, until the forked headland is identified.
There are some remarkably attractive (70m) rock climbing cliffs at F714-922.
The best landing is at a lovely sheltered sandy beach midway on the E side. Landing is also possible on the north-eastern side, but less easily.
The crossing of Achill Sound to the E of the island and Blind Sound to the N are often treacherous as both are exposed.
There are also some storm beaches on the outside (W) of the island for those who favour the oceanic feel to their camping.
Note the early summer Mediterranean Heath (Erica).
L551-938 Sheet 30
The Bills Rocks lie 11km due S of Keem Strand (F562-043) on
The Bills comprise three large, steep-sided, grass-covered rocks. The largest rock has a grass covering of approximately half a soccer pitch. The ground is relatively level and could be camped upon, but it is completely exposed and it would probably be foolhardy unless you were sure of settled weather.
It is possible to land on the largest rock, which is the most northerly. On the southern side is a long, sloping cliff to the top. The gradient here is approximately 50º and while it might be easy for a rock climber, it could be quite challenging in canoeing gear or wet weather. The landing should only be attempted in calm weather and is best at LW, when there is an obvious ledge approximately 2m above water level, which can be accessed by a large, ‘easy to climb’ crack. It would be prudent to have a light kayak for this endeavour.
There is probably only enough room for three kayaks on the ledge, which limits the size of the landing party. Kayaks can be left on the ledge and tied to the rock face using rock-climbing chocks.
From the ledge, a large fissure runs diagonally from bottom left to top right and the top of the rock face. There are obvious handholds along the crack and it would probably be graded a ‘diff’ in old rock climbing parlance.
If you have the skills, the climb is worth it. At the top, you really feel
exposed, miles from anywhere on a rock in the sea. It is an airy feeling. There
are great views back up to Achill while to the SE, the exposed western coasts
The round of Achill Head may be done from either side, depending on conditions. The wind direction is everything, but beware of katabatics (downdraughts) on the lee side of the final ridge out to the head, a notorious local feature. The round trip from Doogort to Keem is about 26km. If going to Keel, it is even longer at over 33km.
The round of
Those on expedition along the coast will find it considerably easier to
stick to the inner route through Achill Sound, but the round of Achill Head
will be an integral part of the outer route. A trip around Achill and the
The Round of Achill Head is described here from the northern side, starting at Doogort.
F672-089 Sheet 22/Sheet 30
This is an important launching or finishing point for the route outside the Mullet peninsula or Achill Head. There is a good beach – it is best to land on at the western end under the hotel. There are also a campsite with facilities and water. It is a bit of a carry from the campsite to the beach. The quay just NW has a landing and water, but no camping. Beware of overfalls to the E of the beach on the ebb. They are just W of Ridge Point at F704-109.
F602-077 Sheet 22/Sheet 30
The outer, western part of
F517-052 Sheet 22/Sheet 30
From Annagh Strand it is necessary first to travel NW to Saddle Head at F564-094 where a considerable lump may be expected. A reef just offshore adds both technical interest and fear. Then it is SW to the head itself. A few storm beaches litter these impressive cliffs under Croaghaun. Although at least one seems well enough sheltered, conditions would need to be calm indeed to land. The head itself has broken islets off it and the innermost passage is passable under the right conditions. Moyteoge Head at F565-035 lies 5km ESE, behind which is Keem Strand.
F562-043 Sheet 22/Sheet 30
A beautiful, horseshoe beach at the end of the road on the southern side of the island, Keem Strand is known to photographers the world over. Sheltered in most conditions, it surfs in southerlies. There are parking spots and viewpoints here, and many walks for Croaghaun and Achill Head. No facilities. This bay was the killing ground for the Achill Basking Shark fishery.
Gubalennaun Beg Quay
F623-036 Sheet 30
In trouble, this is the only dependable landing spot for dozens of kilometres in either direction. Keem Strand to the W may dump and Keel to the E is a famous surfing beach. This is a quay with no facilities except water and camping, and the certainty of a landing in any conditions. In nearby Keel can be had most anything - nice restaurants, pubs, provisions. The famous Achill Basking Shark fishery was based here until the mid-20th Century.
F636-046 Sheet 22/Sheet 30
This is a famous surfing beach to be used by sea kayakers only in calm conditions. There is a camping and caravan site just in from the beach, with a convenient road and water near the village at the NW end of the beach. There is a golf links in the middle. The most remote part is in the SE where the Minnaun (or Menawn) Cliffs begin. Camping is excellent just behind the beach just about anywhere, though watch for golfers in the middle.
The kayaker on passage can easily manage
At Bull’s Mouth, at the northern entrance to the sound at F737-068, the eddies allow one to avoid problems. Wind against tide generates its fearsome reputation.
The tide flows simultaneously in from both ends to meet on the extensive mudflats just S of Achill Sound Bridge.
Accordingly, the flood flows S under the bridge until local HW, which is a couple of hours after HW Galway.
At the southern entrance to the sound, the tide floods N through the
southern entrance of the sound at Achillbeg, from HW Galway -0450 until +0135,
and ebbs in reverse. In the narrows at the entrance, especially at the twisty
bit just NE of Achillbeg, tides reach 3kn in neaps and 4 - 5kn in springs. On
the flood, a major eddy circulates just inside Darby’s Point at F723-935 on the
At the northern entrance to the sound, the tide floods S through Bull’s
Mouth at F737-068 at 5kn, from HW Galway -0450 to HW Galway + 0120, which is
local HW at Bull’s Mouth. On the flood, a major eddy circulates just inside the
entrance on the
In summary, going either way through the sound, slow boats should start a couple of hours before HW Galway, and enjoy the flood to the mudflats just S of the bridge. Then perhaps break the journey, provision up and have a meal, in time to enjoy the ebb out the other side.
F746-067 Sheet 30
The population is 30-40, mainly elderly people. Inishbiggle is a low, boggy
island with a dozen or so inhabited houses. The post office is at F746-067.
Local information is that the seas on the inner passage between the mainland
and Inishbiggle are often treacherous. Although Ballycroy, the local town on
the mainland is very near, islanders access the outside world via
Embarkation and Landing
Inishbiggle is at the northern end of Achill Sound and is separated from
Launch from the slipway opposite, on
The islanders have sought a cable car for generations. Boat access is less
than dependable, because of the strong tides all round. Without a cable car,
they feel their community is threatened. In particular, children cannot be sure
they will make school every day. It seems that Eamon O’Cuiv, the Minister for
Arts, Heritage, the Gaelteacht, and the
F786-030 Sheet 30
These two small islands jointly and effectively guard the entrance to the SE
corner of Achill Sound North, a water system called
The embarkation point at F784-025 is just below the post office at Tonregee,
halfway between Mallaranny and
Illancroagh at F786-030 is the more interesting of the two islands. It can
be landed on anywhere. There is splendid, huge, exposed bog oak on the western
side, and a significant Common Gull colony in season. There are tide races all
around. The tide runs E and W on either side. Wind over tide in these gaps
normally happens on the ebb. These conditions provide a fun race just off the
put-in point, and elsewhere at times. The tide also fills and empties round the
The passage inwards from this point features strong tides at all the projecting points, and a varying landscape best savoured on the journey SE and inwards. Rhododendrons are followed by conifers, by grasslands suitable for remote yet convenient camping, then by ubiquitous peat-hags, sometimes close to the road and sometimes away from it. At the head of the bay are salmon farm tanks, always worth a visit to see these brutes leaping and displaying.
The trick is to catch the tide inwards, lunch, and then catch it again outwards.
Otherwise eddy-hop. Local HW is about
Tidal races are to be found at most of the twists and turns. The most playful ones are on either side of Illancroagh, and these are best enjoyed on the top half of the ebb. Being shallow, they do not particularly need a spring tide.
F614-183 Sheet 22
This remarkable group of islands is well worth visiting.
Embarkation is from Fallmore, a sheltered, sandy, S-facing beach about 3.5km W of Blacksod Point, and 1km S of a prominent tower on a low hill, known as Glosh. The surf is much smaller at western end. Camping is on machair and there is water at the houses. The southern part of the Mullet peninsula is a stronghold for Corncrake and used to be for Corn Bunting.
The main W coast flood runs N from Achill Head, past Black Rock, then NNE past the outside of the group, from HW Galway 0320 to +0305.
The flood and ebb pour into and out of what is almost a sheltered ‘lake’ confined between the group of islands and the Mullet. The flows through the gaps seem to start a couple of hours earlier, at HW Galway –0515 and +0100. It floods generally NE/N through the channels between the Duvillauns, the Inishkeas and the Mullet. Certainly, in Blacksod Bay S of the Duvillauns, the ENE flood runs at these times. The streams are weak inside the lake but achieve 2.5kn in springs off salient points, and flow strongly through the gaps in the inner islands.
Inside the islands, the ebb pours out of the ‘lake’ the same way, and the timings are the reverse of the flood. Outside the islands, the ebb is more complicated. The main W coast ebb stream outside the group forms eddies and thereby runs weakly NNE immediately outside of the Inishkeas and Inishglora, and keeps going until it rejoins the main ebb flow approximately 3km WNW of Annagh Head, where there is much turbulence.
The Spanish Armada
Ships driven into the Blacksod area north of
F483-156 Sheet 22
The rock is known to locals as Tór Mór, and to Irish Lights as Black
A landing is possible near the steep, carved steps on the south-eastern side of the rock, with very low swell conditions and an unladen (or someone else’s, plastic) boat. There are 3/4 options from mid to high tide but only one at lower tides, about 20m from the sea-arch.
There is a jetty at the eastern end, but there is often too much movement there. All landings are very steep, in deep water, with any waves giving a lot of vertical movement. This gives a real risk of a bad bang if the boat hits any rocky outcrops while dropping with the waves. So, even in the calmest conditions, landing cannot be assumed and it is recommended to keep lunch handy to eat on the water before the long, open crossing home.
After a successful landing, the boats must be hauled up the steep rock and tied to the iron stakes near the steps, which were probably chiselled into the rocks in the 19th Century. The walk to the top is steep. Launching is, as always, much easier. Always ask Irish Lights for permission for landing at a lighthouse.
There is rough camping, but this is not advised, as lighthouse keepers have been known to wait months to be taken off after their stint of duty here. Bill Long states that it is reputed to be the ‘most difficult of the lighthouse rocks on which to land; totally inaccessible at times, either by boat or by helicopter’.
On a day trip, embark from Fallmore at F614-183 or Portglash beach at
F612-202, for a 12km journey on a bearing of about 250o. If based on
the Inishkeas, the distance is 8.5km at 235o from the western end of
the sound between the N and
Departing from the Inishkeas, the only relevant tide is the main W coast tidal stream, which floods N from HW Galway 0320 to +0305, and the ebb in reverse. For a departure from the Inishkeas, a good strategy might be to leave an hour or more after local LW, taking advantage of the last of the S-going stream, allowing a return after the start of the N going stream. The rate of the streams has not been measured, but judging by the way buoys are dragged down, at least close in to the rock, they do seem to run strongly, possibly 2kn. Paddlers report having to ferry glide when getting close to the rock, to avoid being swept past.
On Black Rock itself, the light character is FL WR 12s 86m 22/16M, i.e.
flashing, white & red sectors, every 12 seconds, height 86 metres,
visibility 22 nautical miles in the white sector and 16 nautical miles in the
red sector. It was, until recently, an acetylene gas light, one of the very few
In 1940, the S.S. Macville was attacked by a German bomber close to the Rock, shattering the lighthouse panes and damaging the roof.
There are impressive, recently renovated dwellings of cut stone which was quarried from the rock. Amazingly, lighthouse keepers and their families lived here for 29 years until 1893. Then, dwellings for the families were built at Blacksod and the keepers would stay in shifts on the Rock in the years until the light was automated.
F579-157 Sheet 22
There is an unreliable landing place on a somewhat sheltered sandy beach (bouldery at LW) on the southern shore at a point marked Gubnageeragh. The scramble up is awkward, but tired paddlers from Achill Head may take advantage. There is camping above the beach. Water is available in small lakes at the top of the island. Otherwise the much more reliable landing point in calm conditions is in a shallow bay on the north-eastern side, almost facing Duvillaun Beg. Land onto flat rocks, in a sheltered cut, best just NW of a ruined dwelling.
The island was abandoned in the early 20th Century. In the 1821 census, there were 19 people living on the island, and a community existed here up to at least 1917. The ecclesiastical remains on the brow of the hill at the western end are of a small anchorite settlement being an eremitic establishment from the 6th to 10th Centuries.
The square ruin is a
Storm & Leach’s Petrel, Barnacle Goose, Peregrine, Chough, Arctic & Little Tern.
Lapwing and Greater Black-backed Gull breed and there is a colony of black rabbits.
F588-164 Sheet 22
The landing point is on a storm beach just N of south-western tip. Otherwise, land on rocks just N of a long spit at the eastern tip.
F600-174 Sheet 22
Land onto stony beaches, midway along the north-eastern side in a cut.
F608-175 Sheet 22
Land at shingle or rocks on the northern side. Greater Black-backed Gull breed.
These islands are not named for Inis Gé (the ‘islands of geese’ in Gaelic), despite their ornithological significance. Instead, they are named for ‘Insulam Gedig’ in Latin, or Naomh Géidh or Saint Gé in Irish. The first written reference to the islands was in a letter from Pope Innocent III appointing a local Bishop in 1198.
There was a thriving and stable Irish speaking population here from the late
18th to the early 20th Century. Nevertheless, no native
writer ever emerged to record their lives from their own perspective, as
happened elsewhere. Their story is pieced together from outside records. The
population was stable at about 300 between the two islands for much of the
time, though the South Island nearly always held more people than the
They ran out of turf by the 1830s, importing it thereafter. They survived the 1840’s famine better than the nearby mainland, partly through fishing and piracy. Circumstances suited piracy because calm weather conditions in April and May becalmed many a sailing boat hereabouts. This all got out of hand so the coastguard placed a presence on the island to stop the practice.
Ravaged always by storms, the islanders were almost beaten by a big one in 1857, and were finally defeated in 1927. As protection against the wind, they developed a special style of lazy bed for the potatoes, 2m across and 30cm higher on the windward side, to protect the fragile young plants. The climate being milder than the mainland, potatoes could be sown in February or even January, giving the islanders a huge competitive advantage at the market in Belmullet.
They kept cows for milk, pigs for meat, and sheep for sale and for wool.
They even kept horses to work the land, but more so on the N island where the
widespread machair is more equine friendly. They also grew barley and their poitín
was well known over a wide area, being favoured by the Boycotts, a well-known
but not particularly popular local landed family. Their poitín was despised
by the artist Paul Henry who visited in 1909. The boat crew got sozzled and
gave him a trying journey back to
A pier was built on the
Perhaps all this influenced things so that the North Island took the
pro-Treaty side in the Irish Civil War of 1922/23, and the
In 1927, the two islands were united in grief when, on the 26th October,
their young men were cruelly taken, ten of them lost in one storm. A big low
came in and they were fooled by the lull at its centre. The fishermen were
yards off the
Peregrine, Barnacle Goose, Golden Plover, Common, Arctic & Little Tern. Corncrake numbers have dwindled to nothing, and the last bird heard singing was in 2000.
Inishkea (Inis Gé) South
F558-210 Sheet 22
The S island is perhaps the more attractive. It is renowned for its winter
population of Barnacle Goose and Snipe. There is also a large population of seals.
The landing place is at the ruined village onto a sandy beach beside a stone
pier. The beach is sheltered between the pier and
Approached from the SE, the island is seen as low lying, with a white tower
on the summit of a low hill, which, when aligned with another on the shoreline,
gives a bearing of 120O. The two towers transit to the gap between
Duvillaun Beg and
Good reliable water can usually be had in a small well, 100m S of the pier, just above the first beach, Porteenbeg, where sand meets grass.
Good camping may be had at the village behind the houses.
Beaches in rounded bays to the S of the village give good landings and camping, but not water. On circumnavigation, escape is possible on the Atlantic side at the head of at least three deep channels almost dissecting the island towards the southern end.
There is what appears to be unlimited and excellent rock climbing on steep gneiss at the south-eastern end. Stan Pearson and Ian Stevens have been working here since 2002. There is a clean crag at the southern tip, and other crags on the outside as one moves N. Grades vary between severe and E1, 10m to 25m. Routes can look improbable, but the rock is fantastic with hidden finger jugs. On balance, the crags here are not as comprehensive as Gola, but it is quiet, for now anyway.
It is an outstandingly beautiful and pleasant island, not to be missed if in the area.
F561-212 Sheet 22
Rusheen is a small tidal islet off the strand in front of the
Then as now, the Norwegian whaling industry wanted to do things its own way. Seasonally controlled at home, they established out-stations in other countries to bridge the gaps. They set up one such station in 1908 at Rusheen. They rented the island from the Congested Districts Board who had bought out the whole of Inishkea. It appears they also paid rent to the islanders, who liked to think they owned the place, and wouldn’t be persuaded otherwise. This may have been a Norwegian solution to a Norwegian problem, but was more likely an Inishkea solution to an Inishkea problem.
Within months there was a thriving industry, with modern buildings, piers
and slips, though made of wood, Norwegian style. Three whaling boats killed an
average of 60 whales per annum, of all main types but mostly Fin. The
Norwegians kept themselves to themselves, living on their boats, but some
learnt Irish to deal with the workers. Steam power helped with the hauling and
boiling of the whales to reduce them to oil and fertiliser, but water was in
short supply. Hence the dam to be seen behind the houses on the
The S islanders coveted all the employment for themselves, and wouldn’t let
N islanders work for the Norwegians. This actually suited everyone in a
roundabout way. The southerners could afford to employ mainlanders to till
their fields and harvest their crops for them.
The whaling only lasted until 1911 when a combination of events ended it. There was a major strike. Further, the stench was unbearable. Even the mainlanders many kilometres away to the E complained. Finally, a fall off in demand for whale products ended the enterprise. The rusting and rotted remains of this endeavour are still to be seen as litter all over Rusheen.
No drinking water was found.
F565-223 Sheet 22
Land at sheltered sandy beaches in the rounded bay in the SE, underneath the abandoned village. There are landing points also in many other spots. These include the N side of the SE tip, and a beach on the NE side, just short of the N tip. Escape is also possible on the Atlantic side, at the head of a deep cut behind the village, and probably other spots.
Water has been found in a well that may need a little tidying, at the N end of the houses, in from the N end of the larger beach.
Camping in the bay in good weather is best at the Baily Mór mound, which is open but scenic, and otherwise attractive. In bad weather, some shelter may be had at the village.
There is a seal colony at the NE. David Cabot, noted naturalist, with an
interest hereabouts, counted 1,000 grey seal here, the largest ever such count
Little Tern were seen acting territorially in 2004 (fighting), which may indicate that they are starting to breed.
F565-240 Sheet 22
A large, flat, grassy, sheep-grazed companion to Inishkea North, just off its northern side. In fact, the camping is the more attractive on the main island opposite, on machair, for those seeking the truly remote experience. The two islands are connected at the bottom of the lowest tides. Land easiest at any of several small sandy beaches on the south-eastern side.
F568-249 Sheet 22
The southernmost of three remote rocky islets separated from Carricknaweelion and Inishkea North by a modest sound. The three are collectively perhaps more interesting to paddle round than to land on. Carrickawilt is a small, low-lying, flat, grass-topped rocky islet, with a large concentration of Atlantic Grey Seals. Land at a sheltered boulder beach in a cut on the south-eastern side.
F567-254 Sheet 22
The middle of the three separated islets. Barren, with some patches of grass and thrift. Many seals. Easy landing on the ESE side with shelter from swell by offshore rocks. It is easiest to land at LW. One deep inlet is best. Many gulls’ nests.
F572-257 Sheet 22
Carrickmoylenacurhoga is a large, low-lying and very rocky island, the northernmost of the three separated islets. Rather inhospitable, especially at the northern end. A series of deep cuts along its eastern side provide landing onto rock shelves or into rock pools at LW. The best-protected landing is in a narrow gap in the south-eastern corner. More than 80 Grey Seal were present in May 2002.
Erris Head Area
F701-418 Sheet 22
The ‘head’ of Erris Head is on a small, grassy island separated from the Mullet peninsula by a narrow, dramatic channel at F699-416, which is a useful escape from the Atlantic side. Larger boats may find the channel does not behave itself as it should. Yachtspersons feel there may have been a rockfall or boulders thrown into the gap by W gales, choking and changing things. The passage is safest at HW. Outside that keep to the centre, then the N side near the E end. On the Broad Haven side, about 2km to the SE, is a good little harbour called the Danish Cellar at F706-397, useful on passage, with water in the house and camping.
The main W coast stream touches land hereabouts, so the flood runs NE/E from HW Galway -0320 to +0305. Races occur on the Broad Haven side where returning eddies meet the mainstream. On the flood, a clockwise eddy comes back N along the Broad Haven coast from about 2.5km SSE of the head.
On the ebb, anticlockwise eddies happen in two places. One eddy comes back N
along the eastern side of Broad Haven bay, and rejoins the mainstream W of Kid
Island. The ebb also sets up anticlockwise eddies on the Atlantic side, SW of
the head. During the ebb, a race occurs off Erris Head, and ripples or
overfalls occur NNE and ENE of Eagle Island, where the eddies running N along
the coast between Eagle Island and Erris Head rejoin the main flow. Local
paddlers report that the tide always seems to be going N inside
In combination, all this seems usually to favour a clockwise passage on a circumnavigation of the Mullet, given a south-westerly wind direction.
Embark from either of two locations, safe anchorages both, important to yachts on passage:
1. A working pier at F644-344 with good parking, on the northern side of Annagh Head, in a good big bay known as French Port, Port na Francagh.
2. A wonderfully sheltered,
isolated storm beach just further N, called
These are also excellent embarkation places for a round of Erris Head, linking with Belmullet for a manageable walkback of about 8km. The paddle is about 32km. For a shorter trip, shuttle to the Danish Cellar at F706-397 for about 16km paddling. Either trip enjoys the Atlantic side of the Head, which is as scenic and committing as any.
On passage, there is camping manageable opposite the
The islands off the NW of the Mullet peninsula share common access and tidal information. They vary from low and grassy to huge and rocky, with a significant lighthouse.
F607-303 Sheet 22
A low, uninteresting island just S of Inishglora, where a landing is possible on a beach of small boulders on either side of the eastern tip. Note that small half-tide reefs between Inishkeeragh and Inishglora are unduly prominent on the OS 1:50,000 map. They show as small islands, which confuses the navigator.
The island is almost cut in two by a ravine. Land at the head on either side.
F616-308 Sheet 22
Inishglora is a long and narrow low-lying island. It is interesting for its monastic ruins at the eastern end, and for its beehive stone formations. The church roof collapsed in 2003 after standing for centuries (millennia?).
The Children of Lir
The cairns on the island are said to be the resting places of the children
of Lir. The children, Finola and her brothers
In all, they spent 300 happy years on Lough Derryvaragh in County Westmeath,
300 desperate and stormy years around Rathlin Island off the NE of Ireland (the
"Sea of Moyle"), and finally 300 years at peace around Inishglora.
Then, Saint Kemoc changed them back into humans. Alas, they were elderly
crones. Here on Inishglora, as Christians, they ended their days at last. This
is the saddest tale of ancient pre-Christian
Saint Brendan established the monastery here in the 6th century.
He became famous for being the first European to travel to
Storm Petrel extensively colonise the E end of the island.
In the 1821 census, 7 people were living on the island.
Landing and water
There is a landing place opposite Inishkeeragh on a sandy beach on the southern side, just inside the eastern tip. Landing might also be possible on a storm beach in a shallow bay, midway along the northern side. There is a disused well at the eastern end, but the water is not good. Wells need use.
F641-392 Sheet 22
A prominent, rocky lighthouse island, on which landing without swimming is almost impossible in nearly all conditions. The sound immediately inside the island to its SE is always lumpy and best avoided in difficult conditions. Local paddlers report that the tide in the sound always runs NE, and that it is usually best to pass by further inside altogether, along the coast.
As with all lighthouses, always ask Irish Lights for permission to land. There were two lighthouses, which form a transit, clearing obstacles nearby. The eastern light was discontinued in 1895, and the western light was automated in 1988. Its character is 3 white flashes every 10 seconds.
The lights have a troublesome history. Storms wrecked the towers during construction and again afterwards. The keepers’ accommodation was washed away. A wave 68m high washed over the island in 1861. The tower filled with water and the keepers had to drill holes to open the door.
The grassy top of the island feels sheltered, and appears to have once sustained the lighthouse personnel well enough. There is a substantial walled garden just above the northern landing steps. The lighthouse is powered by solar panels. Great Black-backed Gull abound in the long grass.
There are two landing spots. Each is at or alongside a small landing stage, each either side of the SE sound. Each is just outside the sound, one at the eastern tip, and the other at the southern tip, behind a stack. Steps are cut in the rock either side of these landing stages, where it is probably best to drag up heavy boats.
There is no water, but there is plenty of camping on the grassy plateau. However, an overnight stay runs a huge risk of stranding, should swell height increase, even a little. See Bill Long’s ‘Bright Light, White Water’ for descriptions of the huge seas which give this island it’s bad reputation. A short visit is recommended.
F703-325 Sheet 22
Sheltered and easy access from Mayo’s western and northern coasts may be had
through Belmullet. A lock-free canal is navigable to kayaks on the 2 hours
either side of local HW. This gives easy passage from
The tide flows simultaneously into
Local HW is Galway HW +0040.
An excellent evening meal is available in the hotel, and a handy B&B is
with Eileen Gaughan, Mill House,
Camping locally is unattractive.
F787-438 Sheet 22
Embarkation, Camping and Water
Launch from the beach inside Binroe Point pier - Barr na Rinne at about F802-406. There is no water or camping on the island but there is excellent camping on machair at the launch point, on either side of the road approaching the pier. Excellent water is available from a pipe exiting the cliff at the northern end of the beach, N of the pier. This area is known locally as Carrowteigue - Ceathrú Thaidhg.
There are two. Land more easily in a cove in the NE, below some metal stanchions placed there long ago to aid getting sheep onto and off the island. However, the scramble from here is long and needs care, up rock slabs and then grass. Marvel at the thought of yapping dogs industriously herding sheep on such terrain. Many of both species must have had an unexpected swim or worse. The landing at the western tip is more exposed, but there is an easier scramble to the summit.
The grass top is extensive and sheep-grazed. It was the sight of sheep in 2003 that tempted an ISKA party to try to find a landing. A long, interesting ridge runs out N, worth the scramble for the view. A cave appears to run right through this ridge, 20m above the water line. Light can be seen. Rumour has it that scuba divers climb up there and scramble all the way through.
Breeding sheep, Puffin, Guillemot, and Great Black-backed Gull.
Stags of Broad Haven - Na Stacaí
F838-479 Sheet 22
No amount of forewarning prepares the visitor for the reality. Only a few places truly merit this assertion. One thinks of Skellig, Moher, Aran, but these Stags are worthy of inclusion on any such list. Unlike the others, these Stags are little known, greatly enhancing their fame among the few fortunate enough to have visited.
There are five stags in all - huge, dramatic, pointy topped rocks usually
circled in foam. They lie 4km from the beach and 2.5km from nearest land. They
are best seen from the SW. All but one have arches, and one is entirely
bisected by a long narrow dramatic cave. The passage through and around the
Stags is one of the significant
The embarkation place is at Portacloy - Port a’Chlóidh at F840-440, a sheltered, sandy beach, attractive and N-facing. There is good camping just behind the beach on commonage, but ask for permission. Water is available in local houses. Launching and landing is easier at the pier NW of the beach under most conditions, but the camping there is less satisfactory. There are no provisions available locally - this is a very remote spot. A watchtower on the headland marks the western side of the entrance to the bay.
The whole coastline hereabouts, particularly from Portacloy W, has arches, caves, channels and passages second to none anywhere. These are easily enjoyed in plastic boats. Bring good head-torches for the caves, which are very deep.
Local HW is
Puffin, Storm & Leach’s Petrel.
Landing on any of the Stags without swimming is not normally possible.
The central Stag (Teach Dónal Ó’Cléirigh) is highest at 97m. Land at the south-western tip at F840-478.
To its S is An Teach Mór, second highest at 94m, on which the landing is easiest on the northern tip at F839-479, but the climb to the top is harder. Or, land at the more exposed southern tip at F839-476, which has the easier looking climb.
E of centre is An Teach Beag at about 85m, which boasts the tunnel, running E/W. Land at the south-eastern tip at F840-478, or at an equally sheltered spot just outside and NE of the tunnel at F840-479. A little rock to the E of An Teach Beag is An Bád Bréige, which is often mistaken for a boat when seen from a distance.
No kayaker is known to have landed on either of the Stags NW of centre, Carraig na Faola and just further out, an t-Oighean (78m).
Pig Island - Oileán na Muice
F880-440 Sheet 23
Named for its amazing porcine appearance when seen from E or W, the island is splendidly bisected by a sea arch at the centre. The landward side of the roof of the arch is the jowl of the pig. The view of the arch in itself warrants a visit. The island, when viewed from the sea, appears to be attached to the land behind.
Embarkation and Landing
The embarkation place is Porturlin - Port Durlainne at F885-425, which is a small fishing village. At the harbour in Porturlin, the camping is unattractive, but there is water out of a pipe on the roadside. Launching and landing is easy. No provisions. Beware that the lights on the quayside are not a transit for entry. The mouth of the harbour is narrow, and the ground outside is steep, blocking sight of most land features. If however, the features can be seen, entry is looking good. While there is obvious evidence of sheep grazing, no landing was found on the island. A deep-water landing might be forced on the landward, southern side. Scramble up at the SW.
Local HW is
Illanmaster - Oileán Maigheastar
F935-432 Sheet 23
High, square, block-shaped island located very close to the mainland but separated from it by a dramatic rock canyon. The channel is easily navigable by kayak and perhaps by other small, seaworthy boats, in good weather conditions. When entered from the western side, the passage through the high, steep, rock walls is impressive. The passage opens on the eastern side into an attractive bay, at the head of which (F936-426) lies a fine storm beach. The area provides an ideal lunch spot for kayakers en route from Portacloy to Belderg - Béal Dearg.
The island is steep and precipitous. Landing is difficult but possible on the sheltered eastern side onto shelving rock platforms. The climb to the summit is a good scramble, best negotiated from the NE corner.
Puffin and Storm Petrel.
G123-430 Sheet 23
Meaning "Broken Fort", Dún Briste is well named. It consists of a sea stack broken away from the massive cliffs at Downpatrick Head. It is said there were people in residence when in 1393 it broke away. The rescue operation must have been something, though the gap will not have been as intimidating as now. About 100m separates the stack from the mainland. Dún Briste rises absolutely vertically on all sides, and though it appears very sharp from the headland, it is more squat when seen from the side.
Note the appearance of the remains of a promontory fort on its top?
The spot is well worth the visit for anyone in the area. Parking may be had 1km from the headland. A pleasant walk leads up to the headland past the infamous Poll na Seantoine, a blow hole of huge proportions, dropping down into a cave system that opens up under the main cliff just inside Dún Briste. A plaque commemorates those locals who sided with the French when they landed nearby at Kilcummin just outside Killala in the invasion of 1798. The invasion force was at first successful, and took all before it, including Castlebar, capital of Mayo. Heading eastwards, it ran out of steam and was finally defeated in Roscommon a few weeks later. The French soldiers were treated as prisoners of war and sent home, but the local civilian insurgents were dealt with as unsuccessful civilian insurgents have typically been dealt with down the ages. Special enthusiasm was shown in dealing with the locals at the epicentre of the whole business who were thought to have sided with the enemy. Herded towards Downpatrick Head, they were forced over the edge into the blowhole and a gruesome death in the waves far below.
Locals fish from these cliffs in a special way, especially in the horseshoe bay just E of the headland. A long line is uncoiled and arranged to run free on the ground. A baited hook, a weight, and a big slab of timber several metres up the line is swung by hand in ever increasing arcs above the head. Finally the throw is made, and the business end finishes up floating way below. Huge Pollack are caught this way, and hauling them up very hard work.
In calm conditions a launch may be had on rock shelves below the parking space at G125-424. Otherwise, the beach below (just N of) Ballycastle is fairly dependable G104-394. The paddling is thruly fantastic. A cave system links the W facing shore near the parking area with the blowhole Poll na Seantoine and onwards to exit hard by Dún Briste. Narrow in places and shelved in others, the trip is a must, but timing is the key to the trickier passages.
G218-311 Sheet 24
In all respects save one,
The island itself is unremarkable. It runs 4km ESE/WNW. The backwaters are clean and pleasant because unusually they wash through, and sea-trout are apparent. There is always a channel between the island and the mainland. Stands of Sycamore try to survive in the dunes. Sheep abound. The highest area is at the W end. Two wrecks punctuate the view of unbroken sand and surf to seaward.
The easiest approach may be from Killala itself, at the pier down by the Coastguard Station. From here has been dredged a permanent channel, quite shallow at LWS but always navigable. It is muddy and unpleasant, a reminder of what the whole backwater would be like were the island not washed through twice a day. The widest part of the backwaters of the island, just outside the Killala channel, is called Killala Pool. The slip at Killala does not reach all the way down to the lowest LWs, and a carry over gooey mud to one side is sometimes called for. Hard by the launching spot is the local fishing co-operative fish shop, very good value and quality fresh and frozen seafood.
The W side of the island may also be conveniently reached from a popular strand to the N at Ross G219-320, by the Killala Bar.
SPA designation attaches to nearby
There are significant danger areas hereabouts. With wind over tide, which
usually means the ebb, quite a sea state is generated in the main channel N of
Oyster Island, and between Oyster and
For all these islands, launch from Deadman’s Point at G626-399, at the end of the Rosses Point road at the sailing club or nearby at a bathing area from a small sandy beach on the north-facing Drumcliff Bay side, if conditions allow. If using the sailing club, remember that this is private property. Park off-site and do not block access for others, especially at the slipway.
It is also possible to launch from the main beach, though this involves a carry, other than in high summer when the whole area is infested with people, so that parking becomes impossible. At these times, it is possible to launch from the pier at G630-397, a working fishing pier but with less tourists. The disadvantage for the kayaker is that the requirement not to block others becomes absolute, and it is further up the channel.
G598-401 Sheet 16
2.5km W of Deadman’s Point, this is a major lighthouse on a minor piece of rock. While there has been a beacon on Black Rock since the 18th Century, the current lighthouse was designed by George Halpin Senior and was established in 1835. Intriguingly, the stairs are up the outside, to half height, a feature unique among Irish lighthouses. The light is 24m above sea level and flashes once every 5 seconds. It was automated in 1934. Land E of the lighthouse, N or S sides, conditions dependent, in either case into rocky but sheltered harbourlets.
G613-388 Sheet 16
0.5km SW of Deadman’s Point, this is an attractive, low-lying and varied island
with a truly remote feel. It is reachable by car with difficulty from the
mainland to the SE. If driving, leave the mainland 1km off the
Land easiest at a pier in a small bay at G623-394 facing the mainland and
Coney badger have white noses.
G631-394 Sheet 16
0.5km SE of Deadman’s Point, this is a privately owned, residential farmland, semi-grazed by horses. Landing may be easiest by the house on the N (landward-facing) shore, though it is possible to land just about anywhere. Limekiln on S side. No suitable camping found.
The small lighthouse is a rear leading light with the Metal Man to guide ships into the channel. It was established in 1932.
G626-396 Sheet 16
0.3km S of Deadman’s Point, the Metal Man was originally destined for the
unlit tower that stood on Black Rock. However, once it was decided to build a
proper lighthouse there, the Metal Man was established where it now stands on
Perch Rock in 1821. Four metal men were cast by Thomas Kirke in
G560-440 Sheet 16
7km WNW of Deadman’s Point, this is a small island just off Yellow Strand
(no easy vehicular access) to the NW of Raghly Point, at the N side of
Internationally important numbers of Barnacle Goose in season.
Landing and Embarkation
Landing is quite manageable onto storm beaches along its S side, either side of a sheltering off-lying rock, or in a cut at the E point. Embarkation is easiest from the N side of the horseshoe bay, 1.5km to the NE at G564-456, called locally Ballyconnell West.
Nearby, lovely Dooneragh Point at G557-447 boasts an ancient promontory fort with multiple rampart defence systems in good condition. Knocklane Hill 1km to the ESE provides fine views of these islands, a World War 2 lookout recently knocked down, and an older military building with musket firing slots, of uncertain age.
G550-444 Sheet 16
A small island 1km outside and to the W of Horse Island, taller, with steep sides, and altogether more substantial. The central plateau has steep sides, is ungrazed and is given over to nettles. Camping would ordinarily be entirely out of the question. Around the edges are sloping limestone pavements, wider on the seaward side.
Marvel at the remains of part (mostly propeller shaft and housing) of a 248
ton iron steamer lodged near the SSW tip, said locally to have been driven
deliberately on shore, successfully saving the crew. Local lore is that the
captain was from
Worms up to half a metre long are fossilised in the rocks around the island, some quite raised by erosion.
Internationally important numbers of Barnacle Goose in season.
Landing and Embarkation
Landing is quite challenging, especially at HW. The island is sausage shaped
lying NNE/SSW. Landing will always be entirely unappealing on the outside due
to permanent swell. A deep water landing may be had at a choice of spots along
the inside. At lower water there may be available storm beaches, simplifying
things. Embarkation is easiest from the N side of the horseshoe bay, 1.5km to
the NE at G564-456, called locally Ballyconnell West. Yellow
G677-524 Sheet 16
A medium-sized island located close to the coastline 5km ENE of Streedagh Point. The island is a pleasant mixture of stone-walled fields, patches of scrub and small copses. A green road cuts across the centre of the island connecting several ruined farmhouses with the only inhabited house at the southern landing place mentioned.
The island is separated from the mainland by a narrow channel of 100/200m on
its NE and SE sides. On the western side, an extensive boulder beach at LW
connects the island to a spit of land known as
The Spanish Armada
The Lavia and two other ships came ashore when they became embayed and their anchors didn’t hold. The survivors who got ashore were few, but those who did were stripped naked by the Irish and robbed of all they possessed. Then the English arrived. They killed the ordinary sailors and ransomed the rich officers.
Landing / Embarkation
The island’s main landing is (easily onto mud/shale) at the S tip. The closest launch is from a small pier just opposite at G677-519. At LW, landing elsewhere is made difficult by extensive boulder and rocky foreshores on both the N/W sides. Landing is easier along the E inside channel though there is a good tidal flow from the inner bay area. Good camping on the NW peninsula on flat grass, for which land on the N side of the spit of the peninsula. No water found.
G580-539 Sheet 16
About 6km WNW of Streedagh Point, this is a lovely, remote, low-lying, formerly inhabited island, with a most interesting history both ancient and recent. Its monastic ruins are excellent and worth the visit in themselves. A row of fairly recently abandoned houses lines the SE side above the unsatisfactory pier/slip. Fields, bog, lake and scrub comprise the rest. The NW point has interesting small cliffs and passages.
Local HW Galway +0040. Tidal movements are not strong.
Inishmurray lies about 6km NW out from the nearest and most common
embarkation points, either side of Streedagh Point. Choose depending on
conditions between the NNW-facing beach at G637-510, and a smaller SW-facing beach
at G631-502. Otherwise the position is a bit more complex. By far the most
convenient embarkation place for bigger boats or larger groups of kayakers is
the harbour at the
From the S/SE direction, there is a roofed building prominently visible at the E end of the island. This is the schoolhouse, which lies just above the pier wall. The shoreline generally is slippery boulders and slab. Landing with kayaks can be difficult, even at the pier wall, which is not very sheltered and distinctly open to the SE. The village is a single line of houses just above the shore just W of the schoolhouse. Landing can also be had further W on the S side in the often more sheltered deeply indented coves at G571-537, W of the village, onto rocks. This spot, though sheltered, is more suited to boats that can be tied or anchored, such as dinghies or ribs where one can hop or step onto rock. For those overnighting, a landing here leaves a good distance to carry gear to the better campsites near the schoolhouse.
Camping and Water
No drinking water was found though there is a lake in the centre. Camping is perhaps best at the schoolhouse.
The Eider and Common Scoter ducks are sometimes found here in summer. This was until recently considered almost the most southerly breeding area of the Eider.
Of special interest on the island is the monastic ruined settlement, founded by Columba in 550 AD. It is inside a Bronze Age fortification, the walls of which were once about 4.5m high. They are now half that, having been restored in 1880. The enclosure of cells, beehives, churches, altars, and carved stones, which in themselves make the island a must for a visit, are in better condition after 1400 years than the village houses after 100. There cursing stones here, five Clocha Breacha, capable of cursing ones enemies. The men-folk of the island were buried inside the enclosure and the women outside, at Teampalnamban about 150m distant.
The island was pagan until Columba built a new monastery inside the fort and
installed St. Molaise as Abbot. The monastery obtained fame almost immediately.
Columba, back on a visit, borrowed a book from the library. Without telling
Molaise, he copied it. A furious Molaise demanded the return of the copy.
Denied, he appealed all the way to the High King, Diarmuid, who was then like
the Supreme Court is today. His judgement was ‘to every cow its calf, to every
book its copy’, probably the first ever recorded copyright decision in
Worse was to come. Columba still wouldn’t return the copy. Diarmuid, feeling
he was being challenged, set out westwards with an army of 3,000 to punish
Columba and his followers. Columba resoundingly beat the army of the high king
near Culdrennan outside
Columba was upset by all these unanticipated downstream consequences of his
thievery. He relented, and presented himself on Inishmurray to Molaise in
confession. As penance, Molaise banished Columba to
The Vikings raided Inishmurray in 795 and 802, and the Black and Tans in 1921. In 1915, a British warship, mistaking the island for a submarine, torpedoed it. It is thought the fort was mistaken for a conning tower. The islanders were shaken but not stirred.
The island was infamous for poitín making. There being no natural embarkation point for access to the island, and no easy landing, visits by the authorities were few. This enabled the undisturbed islanders to distil the best illicit whiskey in the country, marketed as ‘Old Inishmurray’. When the Revenue officials did come, they had to hire boats locally and word would escape. Then, in the absence of any one truly sheltered landing spot, it seems it was always necessary for the local boatmen to circle the island looking for the easiest landing place. The illicit brew was normally well hidden by the time anyone got ashore.
The school was built in 1889 when there were 102 people living here in 15 houses. There were only 46 in 1948 when the last people left.
The islanders were renowned for a combined rowing/sailing technique unique
G648-724 Sheet 10
Also called locally ‘Shalwy Island’, this small islet is very visible from the south Donegal coast road just 3km ESE of Muckros Head, about 2km out from land. Inishduff forms a useful leg-stretching waystop on passage, perhaps the island’s greatest contribution to the scheme of things. The island was once grazed but nowadays has gone wild and is given over to nettles, brambles and seabirds.
Storm Petrel, Barnacle Goose.
Inishduff is 3km from the nearest beach on the E side of Muckros Head, where
there is poor parking at G627-742. Closest is a small pier just opposite Inishduff
on the mainland, but down an uncomfortably steep roadway at G640-747. Not
For those on passage, the island lies in a straight line along the coast, 6km from St. John’s Point. There is a sheltered slipway just S of and under the lighthouse at G703-689, but cattle graze here so camping can be a problem. Also available is a beautiful sheltered beach 2km NE of St. John’s Point at G717-702 where there is excellent camping, but be discreet as this land belongs to the Commissioners of Irish Lights.
Land at either of two well-sheltered east-facing storm beaches on the very indented E side.
Slieve League Cliffs
G523-785 Sheet 10
This is one of the truly mighty excursions of
Local HW is
G494-799 Sheet 10
A most important embarkation place for kayaking. Landing, while safe at the sheltered pier and steep slipway, is a little awkward and involves a steep carry. There is excellent camping on commonage immediately above the pier, by a white house with three chimneys and a garage. The nearby beach is splendid. Drinking water is available at a tap external to an outhouse beside a dwelling, near the crossroads in the village on the road to the beach.
The rock climbing hereabouts, mostly under the prominent signal tower, is nationally important. Malinbeg’s situation makes it a most attractive venue for paddling to Rathlin O’Birne Island, E along the Slieve League cliffs, or N to Glen Head. Basic provisions may be had in the village, as may B+B, and the hotel at Malinmore (3km) is excellent for eating and drinking.
Local HW Galway +0040.
Finding the harbour from the sea needs care. Once close, the white house with three chimneys in a line is prominent atop a low cliff and is just above the pier, which can then be made out. At night, the pier is lit. From out to sea to the SE, aim between the beach and the prominent square signal tower. Coming from the E, pass the prominent white strand, well to the E of the tower until the white house appears. Coming from the N, the spread out village disappears as one paddles past the promontory with the obvious signal tower, off which are two prominently visible (actually there are more) rocks. Turn in left (E) after the rocks. Follow around until the white house appears.
G493-827 Sheet 10
A modern, well maintained and protected slipway is located near Malinmore, named Oughig. There is camping available above the slipway with parking available for small groups. The area is quiet and undisturbed, being well away from local houses. No water found. The area is within easy walking distance of the excellent nearby Malinmore Hotel.
G467-801 Sheet 10
2km W of Malinbeg, this is a low-lying, grassy island indented all round
with channels, bounded by cliffs and even bisected by a sea arch. It has a
major lighthouse, now automated. While the building was completed in 1846, the
light was not fitted for another 10 years. The light is 35m above sea level on
an all white tower. It flashes white and red every 15 seconds. Lighthouse
keepers and their families lived here from 1856 to 1912, when the families
moved to shore dwellings in Glencolumbkille.
N of the walls lies the kayak landing, and beyond it across the ‘moraine’, lies the remains of lazybeds, a house, and what looks like the evidence of monks’ dwellings.
No drinking water was found, but the lighthouse roof drains into a barrel.
There is camping, but not very conveniently.
Storm Petrel, Leach’s Petrel, Barnacle Goose, Terns.
Landing and Embarkation
Best landing is at a stony beach visible from the mainland in the NE in a somewhat sheltered bay, where the island appears to be almost dissected. The pier at the SE is unsuited to kayaks. Out of Malinbeg, the crossing is only about thirty minutes.
Local HW is
Tides in the Sound run N strongly for nine and a quarter hours out of the twelve, starting at HW Galway -0300 and run S weakly for the other three from about just before LW Galway. The spring rate of the N going stream is about 1.5 knots and the S going stream is very weak. The main west coast tidal stream runs along the coast from Rathlin O’Birne to Aran, the NE flood starting HW Galway 0320 and the ebb at +0305, mostly 0.8 knots but achieving 1.5 to 2.0 off salient points.
G544-897 Sheet 10
Located about 750m N of Port at G547-890 this is an impressive, square, precipitous island block. No obvious landing. The passage between the island and headland is navigable in good conditions. The island is a reliable navigation aid as it stands out well from the coast especially when approached from the S. The island marks a useful escape point on this wild and beautiful section of the SW Donegal coast. Breeding colonies of Fulmar, Kittiwake and Guillemot.
G555-908 Sheet 10
2km NE of Port G547-890, Tormore is located just off a headland and is the most seaward of a broken triangle of islands. The sea has breached this group of islets in several places and one can enter a narrow stretch of water through a sea arch in the most southern islet of the group. High cliffs all round make it a dramatic place, as all entrances are narrow and a tricky place to be in heavy swell. The north-facing breach is too narrow and dangerous for kayaks at LW. Tormore is high and precipitous. No landing was found. Breeding colonies of Kittiwake, Guillemot, Razorbill and Fulmar.
Peregrine, Chough, Grey Seal.
G613-924 Sheet 10
2km NNW of the summit of Slievetooey, this is a massive big lump of rock, 95m high with cliffs all round, barely separated from the main Slievetooey cliffs at only the highest spring tides, and easily missed as it merges with the cliffs behind. Land on sheltered storm beach at SE. Situated about 4km W of the slip at Loughros Point at G653-928. The cliffs E of the island are less exposed to the WSW swells and are thereby the more comfortably explored for their dramatic arches, canyons, gaps, caves and waterfalls, giving a most worthwhile excursion in this beautiful and little explored area.
G640-963 Sheet 10
1km south of Dawros Head, this is a small, low-lying island in
B711-002 Sheet 10
An attractive island lying just N of Portnoo, half joined to the land at its SE. There are the remains of a farmhouse, a collection of early Christian churches (in ruins), and a walled graveyard, just above the beach on the E side. Some of the land appears private. Cows graze. The island is heavily grazed in winter by a flock of 300+ Barnacle Geese. There are some small wet marshy areas containing stands of Yellow Iris. No definite source of water was found. There is good camping at the landing. Large glacial erratics are found on the higher ground west of the landing. Breeding bird species include Herring Gull and Common Gull, Lapwing, Ringed Plover, Oystercatcher, Meadow Pipit and Skylark.
Barnacle Goose, Tern, Chough, formerly Corncrake.
Land at a fine beach on E side.
G658-027 Sheet 10
A lovely, remote, low-lying, short-grassed island, 6km WNW out from Portnoo. Land and camp at a sheltered sandy beach in an east-facing little bay on the E side. Beware on arrival that the entrance to the bay is subject to swells and boomers can catch the unwary. A small lake by the campsite should be treated with caution as sheep graze the island. No other water spotted. In 2001, we found no sign of the remains of a wreck of the Greenhaven on the W side.
Storm Petrel, Tern.
This group extends from Illancrone in the south to Aranmore itself in the north.
The normal embarkation place for the Aranmore group is from Burtonport at
B717-152 which has good facilities in terms of pubs, restaurants and shops.
Launch from the wide slipway. Be sure though to park 150m away in front of the
pub. This will keep the slipway and pier free. Also, be aware that the sea in
the immediate vicinity of Burtonport is very protected and is no indication of
what may be happening outside. The North Rutland Channel runs SE to NW and is
the narrow sound between Eighter and
Maps and Charts
Chart 1883, Crohy Head to Bloody Foreland (1:30,000) covers the area. The
details of the seabed give a good indication of what to expect on the surface
in bad weather and in this respect it is much better than the OS 1:50,000,
sheet 1. However, many of the beacons on the approaches to Burtonport are not
marked on the chart but can be worked out from the Pilot or Sailing Directions.
This is a complicated area. The Sailing Directions (South and
Local HW and LW are
Tidal streams in the locality flow strongly and can cut up rough in contrary
winds. The direction of the tidal streams coincides with local flood and ebb,
or at worst begins half an hour later. The flood tide starts at local LW (HW
Galway -0500) and the ebb starts at local HW (HW Galway +0100). The tide floods
into Aran Sound from both ends N and S, meeting near the Carrickbealatroha
Upper beacon at B695-147, midway between
The tide floods SE through the North Rutland Channel and strongly, up to 2-3
knots in springs. But it is not a problem going against, if you keep to the
side of the channel, out of the main stream. This is one of the very few
channels on the west coast of
B695-103 Sheet 1
3.5km SSE of Aranmore. Unremarkable twin grassy tufts atop drumlinesque stony mounds, separated by the sea except at LW. Breeding Eider. The grid reference is for SE top. Land just NW of SE top.
There is a beacon light on the SE. The ruin on the NW top was the holiday home of Saint Crona Beg, who summered here.
Barnacle Goose, Tern.
B726-113 Sheet 1
B715-126 Sheet 1
2km SE of Aranmore, at the mouth of
Landing and Camping
Land easily on sheltered sandy beach just SW of N point of island, where there is a slipway, if preferred. The landing point is backed by machair that is friendly to camping. Cows grazing. No water found. You may land and camp also at a beach to the SW at B711-114.
Tides flood strongly E past the N point.
B685-125 Sheet 1
1.5km S of Aranmore. This is a fine island, not to be lightly missed.
View the remarkably located schoolhouse to W, where the novelist Peadar
O’Donnell (1893 - 1986) taught for many years. Born and bred in nearby Dunglow,
he wrote of island life - ‘Islanders’ 1927 and ‘
Landing and Camping
Land easily at E end of the N side onto a gravel beach, or on the ESE side of the island, on N side of the projecting Portnamweela, where there is a sandy beach. There is good camping by the ruined houses on short sheep-grazed grass. Good water is to be had in a well, found behind ‘main street’ along the north side. N.B. Wells need use, so you may need to clean it out and let the sediment settle before you take water from it.
Barnacle Goose, Tern. Also, Brent Goose, Eider, Greylag, Shelduck and Lapwing seen in May 1999.
B704-151 Sheet 1
The largest of the outer islands immediately inside Aran, SW of the North Rutland Channel. There are a fast-growing number of newly built holiday homes on the NE quadrant of the island facing Burtonport. West of a line from the NW tip to the SE tip, the entire island is a desert of prickly sand dunes. This is a most attractive island, accessible yet quiet, whose main tourist feature must be its magnificent beach running the length of its W side and where few others would ever be met. Absolutely worth a visit.
Landing and Camping
Landing on the main beach would involve a lengthy and difficult carry, easily avoided by accessing a small, hidden, sandy cove through a short, narrow channel just inside the mouth of the North Rutland Channel (beside a sign warning of a Power Cable). A 100m carry then accesses splendid machair short-grass camping in the shelter of the dunes and near the north end of the beach.
Alternatively, land 150m further SE into the North Rutland Channel, onto a steep, sandy beachlet at B705-150, just seaward of a new house with new steps to the sea and just inside a green navigation marker. This gives a shorter carry to the same camping, but the beach, although sheltered, is steep at most points of the tide.
The island has long been electrified, but there is no mains water.
Beware strong tides all around, and foul ground off the SW tip. There are many landings possible all around the island.
Later the cancellation of the island’s hotel liquor licence would make legal history in the 20th Century.
The island remained the administrative capital of the region for a century. A channel to the nearby mainland was dredged out, so that Burtonport became eventually more important and took over the marine industry hereabouts. The island was inhabited until the 1960s. Nowadays there are holiday homes on all these inner islands. In 2003 a marina for pleasure yachts has been planned, but lack of funds has frustrated progress. The main fishing hereabouts is now out of half-deckers, for crabs and lobsters. Trawling is very much in decline. This area may thus become principally a tourist destination, but that is the way of things.
B706-153 Sheet 1
1.5km E of Aranmore, situated on the NE side of the North Rutland Channel, the second largest of the outer islands inside Aran. A huge granite wall zigzags across the island. The biggest of the holiday homes is the former coastguard station at the SW. There are nice sandy beaches midway on the SW side and even a small lake in the interior. There is a highly attractive, secluded, family type, swimming sandy beach in the NW channel at B703-158.
This attractive island lies just SE of Oileán Eighter and is joined to it by a footbridge at B703-157. The dividing channel is passable by kayak at HW.
There is also a passage between Inishcoo and the smaller Edernish just SE of it. Land at a small quay at the SW corner at B706-153.
B703-157 Sheet 1
1km E of Aranmore, NW of Inishcoo. The most northerly of the outer islands
inside Aranmore, Eighter is the small rocky low-lying island at the NW end of
the North Rutland Channel. The North Rutland Channel runs SE to NW and is the
narrow sound between Eighter and
B710-150 Sheet 1
Edernish is the smallest of the four outer islands inside Aranmore, barely detached from Inishcoo to its NW. Seen from Burtonport, it is dominated by a large house with a boathouse to its S. The house has a tidal swimming pool beside. The entire island has a perimeter fence. Most such fences are to keep stock in; some keep people out. This fence is unique in keeping stock out. Cattle graze the extremities of the island. Every little projection or headland boasts short grass and cow manure. The inner core of the island is utterly ungrazed, wild as can be. It does have contorted pines and other tough bushes and trees, for shelter. This approach is unique among Irish offshore islands.
An tOileán Leathan
B708-169 Sheet 1
This is the most northerly of the inner islands inside Aranmore, and by far the most attractive. Anglicised as ‘Lahan’, the term means ‘broad’ as opposed to ‘caol’ meaning ‘narrow’.
A beautiful stone cottage dignifies this island. Whoever painted its doors and windows blue deserves some sort of medal. The result craves a camera or easel. There is a slip below the cottage, but it is quite steep. The easiest landing for a kayak is 100m just ENE below the stone outbuilding, also pretty. Here on a storm beach there is also a sunken bog, at a cut. The top is 20m high. The views from the summit are the best of any hereabouts, N to Owey, W to Aran, S to Glencolumbkille.
There are other islands within those inside Aran. These are sometimes named, sometimes not. They include one large such just SSE of Leathan at B710-165, Eadarinis Fraoigh just further SSE at B715-158, Inishmeal at B722-138 (inside Rutland Island), and Inisheane at B746-111 (in Dunglow Bay). None of these demonstrate any particular merit to the leisure activist, or demand individual attention.
Aran Sound South
The South Sound of Aran on the E side of Aran is a fearsome place with a
high swell, particularly if the swell is from the N. The safest N/S passage
goes approximately 200m east of Aileen Reef. Aileen Reef extends SE for 1km
from Cloghcor Point at the SE corner of Aran. Boomers may be experienced over
the shallows on the E side of the sound at a point E of Cloghcor Pt., off the
If you plan to paddle from the village (Leabgarrow) on Aranmore to Burtonport via the S end of Rutland, with swell about, it is best to follow the channel S to Clutch beacon, marking the S end of Aileen Reef and then turn E, aiming for the beacon on the S end of Rutland. This should avoid any of the breaks on the E side of the Sound.
Aran Sound North
A large swell runs through the Sound of Aran in strong north-westerlies. At the N end, Blind Rocks at B686-166 and Ballagh Rocks at B693-170 are places to be avoided. Blind Rocks are just E of Calf Island and Ballagh Rocks (marked on the 1:50,000 OS map) are 0.6km NW of Eighter Island. In these conditions, the North Sound is virtually closed. Waves frequently break over the Ballagh rock light (10m high). This lighthouse was built in the autumn of 1875 and was originally known as Black Rock. It was converted to electric batteries in 1983. Waves also break over the Black Rock beacon (red) just off Leabgarrow pier. If in doubt, follow the ferry route around the N end of the beacon and then down to the beach and the landing described in the Aranmore section.
B685-156 Sheet 1
Mostly known more simply as ‘Aran’. The island is mountainous at 227m high and about 6.5km square. Day trippers can enjoy a circular walk called Siúlóid Aran Mhóir, almost entirely on roads and good bog tracks and rivals the necklace walk on Great Blasket. The island has a stable and prosperous population of about 650, considerable by island standards.
Landing and Camping
The main landing is onto a sheltered sandy beach in front of the main village, midway up the E coast. The strand is bounded on the N side by two piers and on the S by a gentle point, where there is excellent camping near the new school, beside a football pitch. The more northerly pier is the busy ferry pier. In normal conditions, land at the extreme S end of the beach at B685-156, from which there is a very short carry. The best landing in N winds is at the N end, in the shelter of the smaller, S pier. This avoids the surf farther down the beach but carrying to camp is then a problem. Water in the village. The S end of the beach is the best semi-private camping convenient to everything. Remoter camping exists elsewhere as described.
Accommodation and Services
A many-times-a-day ferry services the island with a sheltered run from the
mainland at Burtonport. The ferry runs punctually during peak (usually summer)
times but less so in the off-peak. The car ferry can take up to 8 cars, is
regular and well run. Information can be had from Annie Bonner at 074 9520532
who also runs a restaurant and B&B on Aran at the pier. There is a hostel
by the beach which also appears well run, 074 9520515.
From the paddler’s point of view, the entire W side is challenging. Great cliffs reflect huge waves, especially at the steeper cliffs and mighty headlands. There would often be no real stopping point between the two waystops midway on the S and N coasts next described. That involves 14km of committed paddling on the outside stretch. With ‘pottering’, allow almost 20km around the whole of the island altogether. Factor in the foul ground off the SE corner and this adds up to an achievable yet demanding circumnavigation.
Rannagh Point B666-136. This is the spit of land jutting S from midway along the S coast. On the E side, there is a lovely sandy beach, a pier with water on tap, a football pitch and short grass camping which is much more private than at the main strand on the E side. This is a working pier with associated advantages and disadvantages. Camping here is perhaps the most attractive on the island, with about a 4km walk to the main village, though there is a pub locally, which does excellent grub. Sheltered in almost all conditions.
Storm beach B643-154. There is a substantial storm beach just N of the SW point of the island, which in calm conditions might give a landing, being somewhat protected by the off-lying islet Illanaran. It is feasible to scramble to the moorland above by a watercourse in a gully at the S end of the beach, if really necessary.
Lighthouse B642-186. In very good weather, a landing might be had at the foot of the concrete steps. These were constructed down the cliff to service the lighthouse at the far NW of the island at Rinrawros Point. A tiny landing spot has been cut into the rocks at sea level in a deep narrow SE-NW cleft. This might serve as a lunch spot or a base to explore locally. A lighthouse was first constructed here in 1798 and functioned until 1832, when Tory light was established. George Halpin Jr. designed the ‘new’ lighthouse, which was rebuilt in 1865. It is now automated. The steps are due S of the lighthouse, near where the straight wall reaches the cliff edge and inside a number of small off-lying stacks.
Look for the Big Giant and the intriguingly named Small Giant, two stacks on the N side of the lighthouse, to its E.
Torneady Point B654-197 marks the end of the most committing section going clockwise. Hectares of unbroken yellow tide foam, with bubbles as big as Ostrich eggs, are commonly encountered here.
Natural harbour B683-171. A small extremely sheltered natural harbour
near the N end of the east coast, where there is a quay and the former lifeboat
station. The lifeboat is now moored inside
B685-166 Sheet 1
On the Aran side of Aran Sound North, this small island gives shelter to the mooring place for Aran’s modern lifeboat. This is a truly magnificent beast, too large for the lifeboat station that previously served the community here from the land station just NNW. The island is campable, for those for whom privacy is everything. It is grazed by sheep and quite unexpectedly attractive. No water. The landing is at the E end, onto north or south-facing beaches to taste, where an off-lying islet is barely disconnected.
Admiralty Chart 1883 covers Crohy Head to Bloody Foreland and is well worth having for a visit to this area. The main offshore tidal stream from Aran to Bloody Foreland starts and finishes half an hour earlier than the main west coast tidal stream further S. The NE flood starts at HW Galway 0350 and the ebb at +0235. In this region however, it merely brushes off the outside of the islands, eddying. The streams in the channels tend to be from HW Galway +0130. These tidal streams are not said to be significant throughout the whole group except in Owey Sound.
B734-205 Sheet 1
An attractive inhabited island, inside Owey, joined to the mainland by road.
The island runs N/S, is narrow, being 4km long and 1km wide, and achieves a
modest 26m in height in the middle. A golf links is spread out over most of the
N end of the island. The clubhouse is just above a sheltered beach and slipway
at B724-224. In the middle of the island, just SE of the highest point, is a
most pleasant caravan/campsite at B734-205 on commonage, with water on tap.
Rock climbing has been developed nearby, mostly on the W side, in the elbow
just W of the
Landing and Camping
The sand flats on the E side of the island dry out and extend to just beyond this campsite so arrive and depart at HW. Circumnavigation is possible only on the very top of the tide as the S/SE parts dry. No shopping or similar facilities were found on the island but the mainland is accessible on foot.
Local HW and LW are
B719-229 Sheet 1
Owey is uninhabited since about 1980, with a deserted village. Some refurbishment seems to be in progress, and some of the houses may be occupied in summer. There is neither mains electricity nor water. A pleasant island, square shaped, tilted a bit anticlockwise, with granite sea cliffs all along its N half. Well worth a visit. A distinctive type of curragh was found in this region which was sculled over the bow and was used by islanders for access to and from the small pier on Cruit.
The nearest launching place for Owey is at the N end of Cruit, opposite Owey. Launch from a sheltered beach and slipway at B724-224, just below a golf clubhouse. Park in the clubhouse car park. Beware of flying golf balls when crossing to the slip as you’re on the 18th fairway and the golfers are unsighted at that point.
From a car, the more convenient embarkation point is from a harbour about 1km NW of Kincaslough, where the parking is convenient, which is sheltered, and is free of aerial bombardment.
Landing and Camping
The landing place is at a slipway on the E side in a small sheltered cove at
the N end of the narrows opposite
Water and Camping
There is water in the stream through the village. Camping at slip.
There is excellent rock climbing on good granite, relatively undeveloped. It started in 1991, began in earnest in 1993 and there are now a few dozen routes. Some routes just 300m north of the landing place at the S end of ‘the Canyon’ do not need an abseil for access. With an abseil there are more in the Canyon itself at its N end, in the first cove N of the Canyon, and on slabs at the NE point. The N coast of the island has not yet begun to yield its unlimited climbing potential, though it will, well into the future, especially to access from the water.
The 2002 Donegal climbing guidebook edited by Alan Tees and published by the Mountaineering Council of Ireland www.mountaineering.ie in 2002 has all the Owey climbs. Look it up also on www.climbing.ie.
Circumnavigation gives good caves, canyons, channels and stacks. Owey in Irish - ‘Uigh’, means ‘Caves’. There is a through cave with a right angle turn going through the N tip. There is a passage on the NW side of the island which is entered from the land, leading to a large underground cavern. There are deep sea caves along the NE side, including one with connecting chambers. These are easily accessible when the wind is from the S/SW.
Local HW and LW are
B737-218 Sheet 1
Off the E side of Cruit, this island consists of high heathery separated mounds. Never inhabited. See the fish-holding tanks in offshore rocks off the SE side. The grass is a bit long for camping. No grazing. No water.
Embarkation and Landing
Land in a sandy cove in a cut on the SE side. There is a good embarkation point from a harbour about 1km NW of Kincaslough, where the parking is convenient, and which is sheltered.
This section stretches from Inishfree Lower in the S to Inishsirrer in the N.
The generally most convenient embarkation point for all the islands of the Gola Group and certainly for Gola Island is from a pier at B793-266 just N of the entrance to Gweedore Bay. It is the more northerly of the two such piers locally. By road from Derrybeg, go past the graveyard and fork right. There is good camping beyond the graveyard along the access road but no water.
An all-year-round ferry to Gola is run by Jimmy Sweeney 087 6607003. It leaves from Bunbeg Pier B802-235. The Tory ferry is based here, as the harbour is very sheltered.
Nearest provisions are to be had in a shop at the main road, 2km or more
from the pier. Full provisions are available in Bunbeg, just S of Derrybeg.
Bunbeg harbour is accessible to kayaks at all stages of the tide. There is a
hostel 1km up the road from Derrybeg in Magheragallon, 07495 32244. Ensure the
tide is with you in the estuary, local HW being
For the N part of the group there is also an excellent pier right opposite Inishmeane at B799-284 known locally as Carrick Pier. Here there is an extensive sandy beach, good camping on machair grassland or in dunes behind the pier, but no water. By road, drive 3km N out of Derrybeg, then (1km N of a significant junction), follow signs left for ‘Beach’, and continue past an enclosed soccer pitch.
B759-240 Sheet 1
2km SSW of Gola. An unexpectedly pleasant island. Landing is possible on the E side of the island in a wee bay, onto sheltered boulders. There are the remains of a house on the island, which was occupied until the 1960s. The island is generally low-lying and now (probably only occasionally) grazed by sheep. A reef extends SE of the SE point.
Inishinny and Bo
B785-255 Sheet 1
1km SE of Gola. These two islands are almost one and together shelter the S
side of the entrance to
B765-258 Sheet 1
Just off the south side of Gola. Of little interest, landing is possible on both. Useful shelter on passage on E side.
B773-271 Sheet 1
This is a truly beautiful island, a must to visit. The island is now uninhabited, though the houses show signs of being kept up, and an increasing number of summer homes have been built. Against the national trend, the population grew during the 19th century, rising from 70 in 1841 to 200 in 1930. Numbers dwindled after that and it was finally empty by the mid-70s. Unusually, there was never a church on the island. Mains water and electricity were supplied to the island in 2005. In a remarkable feat of co-operation, the water and the electricity were placed in the same trench.
A book ‘Gola, the Life and Last Days of an Island Community’ by
Landing and Camping
Land at the modern concrete pier and sheltered beach on the E side, the main landing point for the island. The main village, called Portacrin, is on the S side and is exposed to south-westerlies. A number of sandy beaches exist at the SE corner of the island, which provide soft landings in any conditions. There are a number of other landing places available which are sheltered from different sea and weather conditions. A south-facing beach, near the E tip, has good camping on grass by its W end. A storm beach landing is possible at all stages of the tide in Magheranagall Bay at B764-269, the deep indented bay on the W. Camping is possible here but departure may be difficult if the sea gets up. Mains water at houses.
Circumnavigation offers spectacular views of cliffs, arches and caves.
Tororragaun Sound on the N side, between Gola and Umfin, can be lumpy at times,
being shallow, and a lot of clapotis can be expected on the W side. A tunnel
penetrates through the tip of the N side of
Gola has excellent climbing on good granite, more developed than Owey and
very popular. Climbs have been put up on the N side of
B767-284 Sheet 1
Umfin is 1km N of Gola and although much smaller, Umfin has superb granite coastal features of caves, cliffs and shoals. There is a dependable landing point onto a very sheltered storm beach in a channel on NE side, which can be entered on most states of tide, but which dries to the SE at LWS. A small ruin of a bothy remains tucked away in the hollow by the landing, where there is the most possible camping.
B786-283 Sheet 1
1.5km NE of Gola, Inishmeane is a dependably accessible island. Landing is always possible at a slipway under a cluster of old houses at the SE corner, or on the beach just E. There is a new pier and some houses are occupied in summer. The houses by the slipway are still used in summer by fishermen, and are well kept. Permanent inhabitation was abandoned in 1974. There is neither mains electricity nor water. The houses form a distinctive tight group. A Corncrake was heard singing at the beach in 2001. There is good camping in a hollow in the dunes behind the beach, just W of the E point, known as Gobacurrane.
Barnacle Goose, Tern, Chough, Corncrake.
B785-300 Sheet 1
3km N of Gola, Inishsirrer is the most northerly of the chain. Inishsirrer
is a most attractive island, formerly inhabited (abandoned 1943), but now only
occasionally. The village is SE of the middle of the island. No drinking water
Barnacle Goose, Tern, Chough, Corncrake.
From the SE end of the island a boulder-strewn spit juts out E, ending at a prominent rock, Damph More. On passage from the S, at LW it is necessary to keep close to the mainland, E of Damph More. Only cross the Damph More spit at HW, with care. There is a landing point by a pier/slipway at B791-297, just N of the spit. At LW when the slip is too high to use, the landing is onto boulders/sand.
A more secluded landing point can be found in a bay at B782-306 on the SW- facing side, the first bay SE of the NW tip. This is near the highest point of the island and onto a storm beach, and drying shoals at the entrance can be a problem in south-westerlies. Also, at HW, a landing may be had just further SW at B784-304 in a sheltered inlet just NW of halfway along the SW side, at a place called locally Slodanawaud. Here there is a rusty windlass and a ruined boathouse, but beware that Slodanawaud is a tidalpond which forms on the lower half of the tide and may trap your escape.
Inishbeg, Inishdooey and Inishbofin together form a worthwhile group for a day trip or for an overnight camp, or just for shelter on passage out to Tory. Embarkation for all the islands is from the sheltered strand E of pier at Magheraroarty at B889-333.
Local HW and LW are about
B896-360 Sheet 1
2km N of Magheraroarty, an attractive island, the innermost of the three inner islands.
Mains water and electricity were supplied in 2002. Now there is even a hostel to welcome the visitor, tel 074 9162070 or visit www.teachjohnny.com. The island is very pleasant and every summer the former residents come back to live and work so that a vibrant community thrives for half each year.
There are many landing points and two landing places. One landing place is at the pier B896-360 at the inhabited village in the SE where it is important to ask for water and campsite. The second is at the lovely beach in remote Toberglassan Bay B 890-367 to the N.
Inishbofin represents a unique part of the success story for the frustrating
efforts of Birdwatch
B895-385 Sheet 1
1km N of Inishbofin, this small uninhabited island, the centre of the three inner islands, has the ruins of a church (Saint Dubhthach, or Dooey) and is especially noted for its magnificent arches and caves on its E side. Landing is perhaps best at the sheltered storm beach in the SW where there is good camping but no water. The three masted ‘Loch Ryan’ was shipwrecked here in 1942. Landing is also possible in a sheltered but messy narrow zawn to the NE, or onto any of several tiny storm beaches in cuts on the E/SE.
B896-396 Sheet 1
1km N of Inishdooey, the outermost of the inner group, this is a pleasant small sheepgrazed uninhabited island. It has a well sheltered but concealed landing onto a storm beach at the head of a dog-legged cut at the SSW tip. This is in the sound to the S of the island and the landing is onto the low-lying rocks just E of the SSW tip. It must be searched for, though it’s worth it.
B856-464 Sheet 1
12km NNE of Bloody Foreland, Tory is named for the dramatic appearance of the high tors at its E end as seen from the mainland; this is the most remote inhabited Irish island and holds a special place in history.
Storm Petrel, Corncrake, Tern, Chough.
The main pier on the island is at
Camping is possible at
Tory is a challenging trip, at almost 13km out from Magheraroarty Pier at
B889-333. However, the Inishbofin Group shelters half of this, and the trip out
can be broken. Local HW is
The N and E sides of the island are sheer for their entire length and offer no rest other than as mentioned below. A landing may be had at three places on the north side.
• Immediately behind Port an Dúin at B876-456 onto a sheltered storm beach.
• A very sheltered landing onto a sandy beach 300m N of West Town at B855-468, at the head of a deep cut, but regrettably, under grassy cliffs.
• Onto a slipway near the W end of the N side at B849-471, just south of a prominent house. This is a former Lloyds signalling station and was later the residence of the artist Derek Hill who did much of his work on Tory.
The scenery on the N/NE sides is magnificent. The whole E end from Port an Dúin outwards is a prehistoric promontory fort known as Dún Balair, once the stronghold of Balor of the Evil Eye, the baddest of Fomorian bad guys. He ended up being killed by his own grandson, Lewey, who penetrated his one good eye with a huge wooden stake. Lewey hailed from Dunlewy at the foot of Errigal mountain on the mainland to the south. Lewey was mean and was nicknamed ‘Lewey Lamh Fhada’ meaning ‘long arms’, a reference to his habit, when he came to visit, of having one arm as long as the other i.e., empty handed.
The remains of Balor’s four outer defensive ramparts may still be seen. His citadel is the mighty Tormore, an unapproachable pinnacle at the end of an alpine rocky ridge, called The Anvil, sticking N out to sea. Note the cairn on its summit put there by local kids for a dare. The Anvil may be bypassed on circumnavigation by going though a majestic arch at B878-460.
The cliffs change from quartzite in the E to granite in the W. The cliffs at the E end of the N side are unsurpassed anywhere for unyielding verticality. Arches and offshore reefs abound for the more daring paddlers. Clapotis may be always expected on the W side, by the lighthouse and S of it. A shallow reef sticks far out to sea at the SW corner, which must be given a very wide berth.
The S side is less dramatic, being flat, but the ground inshore at the W end is shallow for some way out and boomers may catch the unwary. Best to keep well off.
Tory’s most famous shipwreck is that of HMS Wasp in 1884 when the ship struck in daylight just near the lighthouse. 51 men died and only six survived. The incident is hard to explain, as the visibility was good so the lighthouse must have been visible for hours and the ship struck just after dawn. It has been attributed to a curse having been put on the ship with the aid of local cursing stones. There were also personality problems in the ranks of the officers and men of the ship, whose attitude to their work of carrying out forcible evictions up and down the west coast varied greatly. At the time of the wreck, Wasp was carrying policemen to evict the inhabitants of Inishtrahull.
Much has been written about the myth, legend and history in which the island
is steeped, especially ‘Stories from
There are three types of curragh associated with Tory, the smallest of which
was the smallest in
Rare birds turn up frequently on Tory and those breeding include Corncrake, Storm Petrel and Little Tern.
Legal affairs are carried out most informally on the island, with land being transferred without anything at all being put down in writing by the parties to the deal. Instead, they let the resident priest know and he keeps a track of who owns what.
Tory was once renowned for its Poitín making and it was the turf burned in its illicit stills that accounts for the barren look Tory now presents. Its huge tracts of bog, once rich, are now barren desert, home mostly to rabbits.
There is now a modern hotel in West Town and some modern housing beginning
to appear, but most streets and roadways on the islands present a somewhat 19th
century appearance. A salvaged World War 2 torpedo marks the
The island has its own king, Patsy Dan Rogers.
Permanent population approximately 175.
C012-423 Sheet 2
The mainland coastline from Bloody Foreland to Horn Head (Sheets 1/2) is mostly sandy beaches. Horn Head is a local ‘big’ paddle, well worth the shuttle for its magnificent coastal features on a grand scale.
Other than as mentioned below, the paddle is a nonstop 15km. Pollaguill Bay at B990-388 is the obvious rest-stop enroute, midway between Horn Head and the Back Beach, about 4.5km from each. Also, less obvious, though dependable in all but bad W/NW winds, is a well sheltered storm beach in a deep west-facing cut, 1km SW of Horn Head itself at C006-413. From here, there is at least the theoretical possibility of human escape (in dire emergency) up the tall cliffs of Coastguard Hill, which lean back slightly in the gully. This storm beach probably represents a more convenient way stop for those on more serious passages.
Put in or out on the W side at a beach unnamed on the map but known locally
as the ‘
On the E side, there is a good, sheltered, dependable ‘inallconditions’ pier C047-372 near Portnablagh, 3km E of Dunfanaghy, just off the main road.
A sustained lump may be expected, as this is a significant headland, so avoid any wind over tide. The Round of Horn Head is thus perhaps best done W to E on the flood in calm or light westerlies. Tides are as Tory Sound, ENE from HW Galway 0350 to +0235. This is half an hour ahead of the main west coast tidal stream, or a couple of hours behind the rise and fall by the shore.
C136-457 Sheet 2
The 19km round of Melmore Head is one of the classic paddles of Donegal sea
kayaking, principally because of the splendid rock scenery along the W side of
There are many escape points even on the west side, but the beautiful Tranarossan Beach at C117-424 is a bit far in except for the hungry or the incontinent. Many of the other more NW projections boast convenient deep cuts en route, with storm beaches or better.
Expect a bump off the head itself, where strong tides run. Judge the entry
or exit of
The inner sections of
C129-390 Sheet 2
This low, grassy island is the furthest to seaward in
There is also a strong flow at Moross Channel at C183-393 which gives access from Broad Water to North Water. Here the flood and ebb start up to an hour later still.
Within Broad Water and North Water, the tidal flows are not significant. For
a day trip, there are good shuttle points. To the south, there is a car park /
picnic site in a wood at C190-305 on the main
C310-265 Sheet 2/6
Situated at the head of Lough Swilly, Inch is now attached to the mainland due to extensive drainage and reclamation works on the SE side. Inch can be accessed by two-lane roads, and lacks all island feeling. The population is about 350 but there is no village, pub or shop. The whole SE of the island is an extensive farm that featured infamously some years ago in a major legal battle during the 1980s depression. Its owners were evicted by a bank for failure to meet mortgage repayments. The channel along the S and NE sides dry at lower tide levels to reveal extensive ‘glár’, a local term for unpleasant grey knee-deep silt. Only enter these channels on a rising tide! The SE ‘channel’ contained within a barrage at each end is actually a fresh water lake, constantly pumped out to keep the salt water at bay. Circumnavigation is therefore impossible. Only the W side has any real interest to small boats. The highest point on the island is Inch Top in the NW at 222m high, a pleasant walk.
At the extreme S tip of the island lies
· By road, a left turn off the R238 from Letterkenny
towards Buncrana, after the
· From the E side of Swilly at a small pier near Fahan C333-266 near the sailing club.
· From the W side of Swilly at Rathmullan pier C295-274 or the beach beside it.
Landing and Camping
Land at the island pier, C310-265 at the NW of the island. Some occupied houses make the limited camping above the small beach at the pier a bit public. Inch Fort is nearby.
Otter may be found on the island. In winter there are Whooper Swans on the lake, and Greenland White-fronted Geese. Sandwich Tern breed in summer.
C383-526 Sheet 3
3km W of the mouth of Trawbreaga Bay, into and out of which washes a strong
tide, this is a squat tower of a rocky island with access to the top limited to
an airy scramble on the west side. It is said that sheep once grazed here, but
certainly not now. Land easily on a gravel spit to the SE. Eider breed. Beware
the skerries to E and NW. This island fits nicely into a round of Malin Head.
Mind the tide flowing in or out of
Famed for its wintering geese, and its poitín-linked history.
Round of Malin Head
C381-590 Sheet 3
Malin Head is popularly but incorrectly known as the most northerly point of
Ireland. In fact nearby (2km ENE) Dunaldragh Head at C398-598 is the most
northerly point. Malin Head faces west and is small, low-lying and thoroughly
undistinguished, except for the seas off it. Dunaldragh Head faces north and is
a high rocky headland, complete with a Lloyds Signalling Station since 1805, an
The tidal streams in the area are complex and require careful study, after which passage close inshore is perfectly feasible. The diagrammatic hour-by-hour sketches in the Sailing Directions are highly reccomended. Paddlers have studied these for days at a time and found them remarkably accurate.
· Local HW is approximately HW Galway +0100.
· Belfast HW is approximately Galway LW.
· Belfast HW is Dover HW -0015.
Beware that HW at Malin village can be as much as 3 hours behind HW in Lough Swilly outside.
At about an hour before local HW, which is HW Dover -0600, the flood stream
starts hammering eastwards and is split by its collision with Malin Head. This
gives associated turbulence, initially off Dunaldragh Head, followed (after
about an hour or so) by Malin Head itself, until about HW Dover -0400. Then
there is slack for about an hour until HW Dover -0300. Then until about HW
Dover the inshore flow around the Head favours a passage S to N, but beware
wind over tide. From about HW Dover +0100 until about +0400 the stream is
hammering west, so that eddies are set up inshore and these turbulently collide
with the main flow, mostly at Dunaldragh Head and to the E of it, making things
difficult indeed. Therefore the only reliable window of opportunity is at about
The really troublesome times are as follows:
· Dover HW -0600 to -0500, which is local HW –0100 to local HW and
· Dover HW +0100 to +0400, which is local LW to local LW +3000
In calm conditions, paddlers will succeed anytime, but do respect that there is significant turbulence hereabouts at other times.
A worthwhile half-day trip around the head is between Malin Pier at C423-586 in Slievebane Bay and the small pier in a sheltered bay locally named as Port Ronan (or West Town on the OS 1:50,000 at C406-573). A 2km walk saves a shuttle. One and a half hours in all, quite leisurely. There are regular escape points along the route, so the only committed section is the 2km section between Malin Head and Dunaldragh Head, where you also have the best cliffs, scenery, caves and waves. There is a 400m long passage, only a boat width in places, at Dunaldragh, which is thought might be passable at higher water.
The nearest escape point on the N side is at C404-595 where a stream falls
onto the beach and on the S at C387-589 in
A longer trip at 35km with a short shuttle is from the bridge in Malin
village at C470-498 (or from Port Ronan, a longer shuttle, paddling distance
23km) to Portaleen Pier at C525-528 or a small pier near Culdaff at C538-507.
Departing Malin village has the disadvantage of a long trip through
The stretch from Malin Pier to Culdaff is unremitting with high and brooding cliffs. An early morning paddle perhaps! The stacks add interest along the route but caves and arches are very few and far between. There are good numbers of breeding Fulmars along the high cliffs and the stacks hold Kittiwakes and Auks.
A flood tide on this section is noticeable between the stacks at Reaghillan at C459-580 and Glengad Head at C526-547. Interesting tidal races set up quite unexpectedly at times. There are beaches of shingle and small pebbles under these cliffs but these may be exposed to a northerly swell. There is a small, well sheltered, east-facing shingle beach at C526-541 just S of Glengad Head near Burren, but at that stage it would probably make more sense to go on to the pier at Portaleen.
Culdaff itself is an attractive place. There is a fine landing at Portaleen
pier. You could also try a small picnic site up the
On the S side, the extra journey has almost continuous escape potential.
C436-602 Sheet 3
About 2km NE of Malin Pier, which is 4km E of Malin Head, the Garvan Isles are widely reputed to be no more than inhospitable, weathered quartzite rocks, named from the Irish ‘Na Garbh Oileáin’ meaning ‘Islands of the Rough Sea’.
There are three small islands, White Isle, Middle Isle, and Green Isle, all three names logical, as one has grass atop. Middle Isle does too actually, and is the easiest to land on. The landing is on the N side through a tiny keyhole slot onto stones, strictly one at a time. Local fishermen say that to land sheep to graze Middle Isle, they used to manoeuvre a boat right up to the mouth of the slot and throw the sheep overboard. The sheep did the rest.
Tides do run awfully fast through the Isles, setting up mighty races that must be fun to play in under the right circumstances and should be very much avoided otherwise.
C482-652 Sheet 3
About 9km NE of Malin Pier, Inishtrahull is the most northerly ‘big’
Inishtrahull is a mighty island, about 1.5 km in length E/W and somewhat hourglass shaped. Hills form the E and W ends, joined by a low flat piece of ground where the abandoned village and farmland lie. It is thought monks were here in the early Christian era, but there is no sign now. Uninhabited since 1928, except for visiting lighthouse personnel, there are ruined cottages and lazy beds, and some rabbits. Beside the old schoolhouse there is a cross inscribed rock, possibly a Mass Rock? There is at least one grave.
The gneisses hereabouts are predominantly coarse grained metasyenite with minor intrusions of metagabbro and assorted dykes. Metasyenite is a medium to coarse grained pink and grey foliated gneiss which forms about 95% of Inishtrahull and the Tor Rocks. Metagabbro is a medium to coarse grained green and white rock which has intruded the metasyenite.
The whole Rhinn Complex was affected by mountain building during the Kitilidian Orogeny, which lasted from 1900 to 1700 million years ago.
Metasyenite Othogneiss of the Rhinns Complex of Inishtrahull is the same as
appears in Greenland or
About 1900, W. J. McCalliom, a graduate of
In 1989 two geologists began research work on the gneiss of
A massive automated lighthouse stands at the west end, 23m high, reinforced concrete, novel in design. It flashes white 3 times every 20 seconds, built in 1958. There is a white accommodation block attached. A disused stub of a lighthouse stands at the east end, built in 1810/1813. It has a very visible base surrounded by large cogs, bits of machinery and derelict living quarters which could provide shelter if stranded. Because of its pivotal position, Inishtrahull Sound is a major route of passage for all sorts of living creatures and Basking Shark and Sunfish have been seen. Perhaps because of the strong tides, no debris is found on Inishtrahull, most unusual for such an island.
In 1994, a herd of 5 Sika deer was brought onto the island, and it is said 4
now remain, all does. They are very shy, and very efficient at keeping out of
the way. It is more than possible for a small party never to find them on a
visit. In summer 2001, a huge party of 200 or so visited the island for a
commemoration. The deer could not evade so many forever, took flight, jumped
into the sea, and swam for it. Fortunately, they were spotted leaving by some
scuba divers walking about the island. A rescue mission was mounted. By the
time they were found, they were two thirds the way to Malin Head. In the rescue
efforts, unfortunately one drowned, the only stag. The remaining four were saved,
and were returned at very high speed to the
Barnacle Goose, Peregrine, Arctic Tern, and a significant breeding Eider population.
Malin Head, pier, and the very pretty village are all on the well signposted coast road tour around the headland, the Inishowen 100. Malin Head Radio Station (VHF channel 23) has a very positive attitude to interaction with canoeists and a visit is very educational.
Embarkation is from Malin Pier C423-585 in the small harbour in
The tides in Inishtrahull Sound itself, reaching about 4 knots in Springs, are notorious with wind over tide and are said to get steeper more quickly than in Tory Sound, but are otherwise quite manageable. It tends to cut up rougher just W of the Garvan Isles than to their E. It is strongly advised to keep east of the Garvan Isles, bound inwards or out, in any wind.
The most convenient landing on the island is in the waist at the W end of the S side of the island just under the W lighthouse, where a narrow SW-facing cut leads to a jetty and steps, called Portachurry. The landing is said to be a problem as it can be exposed to swell. A much more sheltered landing is also possible in the waist of the island midway along the N side at Portmore. There is a jetty and an impressive 15m raised shingle beach. There is less of a carry at Portachurry. The well at Portmore seems well maintained.
· Local HW is approximately HW Galway +0100.
· Belfast HW is approximately Galway LW.
· Belfast HW is Dover HW -0015.
Tides run strongly, are very complicated, and deserve respect. With wind over tide, the sea sets up steep waves more quickly in Inishtrahull Sound than even in Tory Sound or Rathlin Sound.
At Inishtrahull itself, there is shallow foul ground at the SW, tidal races
flood and ebb at the NW, and the island even boasts a whirlpool off the NE
corner, a circular eddy that gets ferocious in springs, from HW Dover +0100 to
about +0430. Fortunately, this whirlpool seems always avoidable, as
The main ESE flood stream passes outside the Garvan Isles, in Inishtrahull Sound itself, for 8 hours from HW Dover +0315 to 0115, and the WNW ebb runs for only 3, from HW Dover +0015 to +0315. There is virtually no slack at the start of the flood. There is an hour and a quarter of slack at the start of the ebb, from HW Dover -0115 to +0015 (much less in springs, half an hour).
At the Garvan Isles and in Garvan Sound to landward, the position is
somewhat more complicated. The mainstream of the flood tide passes further out,
through Inishtrahull Sound. Therefore, in Garvan Sound and through the Garvan
Isles, the tide never runs with much strength ESE at any time, because of the
eddying effect of being bypassed. What happens is that for the last couple of
hours or so of the flood, the flood stream eddies back around and runs weakly
WNW, from about HW Dover –0300 to before HW Dover. So the inshore ebb stream
runs continuously WNW altogether from
It might seem soundest to leave the mainland at HW Dover -0130 or so and ferry eastwards for a while against the weak ebb, until slack water outside permits an untroubled trip across Inishtrahull Sound. Returning after multiples of twelve (not six) hours later, depart the island at HW Dover -0030 or so, as soon as it looks right. Then bear up eastwards a little while, traversing the Inishtrahull Sound to be carried westwards home across the Garvan Sound, once close to land.
There is also the ‘non-slack’ at about HW Dover +0300, when the direction of flow changes, they say instantaneously. In calm conditions, bite it. It really must be stressed that in calm conditions, both Sounds are quite manageable, and timing becomes more a matter of navigation and convenience than safety or necessity.
For advance planning of trips, be aware of the significance of a (neaps, predictably) HW Dover falling during hours of darkness, which can mean (every 12 hours) convenient slack waters forcing the choice between a dark leg and windows of opportunity once every 24 hours only, increasing the commitment levels somewhat.
Realistically though, it is better to go spontaneously, when conditions invite. Inishtrahull really is not a forward calendar entry candidate.
C474-668 Sheet 3
Tor More is the biggest of a group of isolated rocky islets, skerries and sea stacks called the Tor Rocks, 1.5km NW of Inishtrahull, all consisting of the same rock type. Tides run very strongly in the sound between the Tor Rocks and Inishtrahull and indeed through the gaps and channels amongst the smaller rocks and skerries -hereabouts.
Tor More, as the name suggests, is the highest in elevation of the group, rising to 35m. Tor More is high and craggy, especially so on its S flanks. Narrow channels divide it from three smaller outlying stacks.
The angle of slope on its northern side is less, and landing is possible
onto rock shelves in calm conditions. The summit can be reached easily enough
from the northern side, the reward being a fine view of Inishtrahull from
almost the most northerly points of
Evidence of breeding Shags and c.30 Grey Seal present in August 2003. Oystercatcher, Purple Sandpiper, Turnstone and Eider.
C479-673 Sheet 3
Tor Beg is the most northerly possible landing in