Knowth is a mound being excavated and in Ireland (53o 43'
6o 30' W longitude and 60 m high). It is more than 5000
old (build around 3100 CalBC or 2540 bc), and thus older than the
in Egypt! This building, which is a big mound of some 84 meters in
stands in the Boyne Valley, some 40 km north of Dublin. In this
region two more big mounds are located: Dowth
Cross sections of Knowth
The close environment around Knowth is scattered with other megalithic
constructs. Close to the mound the following items, approxamitly build
around the same time, are important (© G. Eogan, 1986):
The mound consisiting of:
The environment around the entrance of the eastern passage looks like this
and around the entrance of the western passage looks like this.
The present outside of the
eastern passage entrance
Two photo's are available of the entrance of the eastern passage:
The entrance can be seen on the left. The black plastic (right-middle)
is covering the chamber.
The entrance can be seen on the left. The white boxes
are covering the chamber. There were reconstructions going on.
There will be many questions around Knowth, but I am interested in the
Age of Knowth
The age of Knowth is of course not easy and acuratly known. But there
some information about a few parts of it (© G. Eogan, 1986):
Remember: There is a differance of some 500 years between bc en
(3100 CalBC is almost the same as 4490 bp)!
- charcoal from thin layer under mound: 4795 ± 185 bp
- pit in house: 4852 ± 71 bp
- charcoal from mound: 4405 ± 35 bp
- charcoal from on old ground surface: 4490 ± 60 bp
- fragments of wood at Or75 of eastern passage: 4465 ± 40 bp
- it is a real pity there are no more dates about the turve
in the mound!
- Newgrange seems from the same period as Dowth.
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Major content related changes: January 17, 1997